Genocides of The 20th Century

The 20th century saw the rise of a new humanity. A thoroughly educated, civilised and innovative society was predominant throughout the world. Yet the past hundred years have been the bloodiest of all in our history. Through war after massacre after genocide, too many innocent people have had their life taken away. But why? Why should there be more oppression and death now that human equality is finally possible? This timeline could shed some light on the matter.

1914-02-01 00:00:00

Greek Genocide (Pontic Genocide)

Also perpetrated by the Turks, the Pontic Genocide was a part of the ethnic cleansing the Ottoman Empire went through in the early 20th century. Over seven hundred thousand greeks were deported and mass murdered by the Young Turkish government.

1914-03-29 00:40:45

Mexican Revolution

The Mexican public begins to rebel against the autocracy of Porfirio Diaz. After a decade of conflict and civil war, the upheaval succeeded with the creation of the 1917 Mexican Constitution. Considered Mexico's most influential sociopolitical movement, and shaped shaped Mexico into what it is today. -Revolutionaries supported by German Empire -Counter-rvolutionaries supported by United States. Casualties: estimated 1,000,000 most due to starvation and disease.

1914-06-28 22:36:29

World War I

The assassination of archduke Franz Ferdinand of Serbia catalyses the beginning of the Great War. In a couple of years, over 15 countries where involved in the conflict. -The Triple Alliance vs The Triple Entente. Military and Civilian casualties: 37, 000, 000

1915-02-01 00:00:00

Armenian Genocide

The muslim Turkish began an ethnic cleansing of the ottoman empire, including getting rid of all Christian Armenians. To this date, the nation of Turkey continues do deny that the crimes perpetrated where not genocide. Death Toll: 1,800,000

1917-03-08 00:00:00

Russian Revolution

the tsarist government is dismantled by the new Bolshevik communist government. After a civil war, the Bolshevik government remained in power and ultimately brings about the beginning of the USSR and the rise of Josef Stalin.

1917-10-01 00:00:00

Russian Civil War

After the revolution and WWI, Soviet Russia is divided. While the communist party remains in rule, an anti communist (anti-bohsevik) party party emerges rejecting the new regime. Over 3,000,000 casualties.

1918-07-17 06:12:52

The last Tsar of Russia

After abdicating to the throne, the tsar Nicholas II and his entire family where exiled to Siberia before being executed by the Bolshevik authorities.

1920-02-01 00:00:00

Rise of communism

After the Russian revolution and civil war, a major world political change begins. New Marxist ideologies begin to gain popularity in eastern Europe.

1924-01-21 22:03:29

Death of Lenin

After only two years of being in office for the newly established Soviet Union, one of the founding fathers of Communism dies of a stroke.

1924-02-01 00:00:00


The death of Lenin allows for Stalin to consolidate power in the Soviet Union, and ultimately marks the beginning of the oppressive Communistic regime of soviet russia.

1925-03-13 00:00:00

Last Years of Leon Trotsky

Founder of the Red army, and commissioner of foreign military and naval forces for the Soviet party, Leon Trotsky played a large role in the rise of communism in eastern Europe. Unfortunately the rise of Stalin and his regime left no room for Trotsky in the Soviet Union. He is exiled in 1929, and finally assassinated in Mexico a decade later.

1927-02-15 09:16:25

Chinese Civil War

A new communistic party arises in China and conflict with former government. After years of struggle the Communistic party led by Mao Zedong claims victory and the Peoples Republic of China is formed. Death Toll: approx 6,000,000

1929-10-01 00:00:00

The Great Depression

After the prosperous era of the roaring twenties, the credit-loving, wasteful ways of Western society came inevitably tumbling down. Starting with Black Tuesday( the collapse of the stock market), soon unemployment rates where at an all time low. As North America tries to recover, Adolf Hitler rises to power in a war-devestated Germany.

1932-02-01 00:00:00

Holodomor (Ukrainian Genocide)

Part of Stalin's genocides, Holodomor was a human instigated famine in the Soviet Republic of Ukraine. While food was being produced in the republic, it was all exported as part of the forced collectivisation of agriculture in all of the USSR. Strict rations were implemented, and entire cities were starved to death. Death toll: 8,000,000

1932-02-01 00:00:00

Soviet Famine

The forced collectivism of agriculture all over the Soviet Union led to millions being starved to death in the russian countryside.

1934-02-01 00:00:00

Europe's Second Dictator of the century.

After years of struggle, Germany is taken over by the Nazi party, bringing in Hitler first as chancellor of Germany in 1933 and then as dictator of Nazi Germany in 1934.

1935-02-01 00:00:00


Jews, Romani and other groups are discriminated and segregated. Ghettos and death camps are built during the world war all over Nazi reigned Europe. By 1940, thousands of people were systematically killed every day. Total death toll: 12 000 000 (including disabled, romani, homosexual and other peoples.)

1937-12-01 11:53:57

Rape of Nanking

Through Japan's attempt of dominating China, and the capture of China's Capital Nanking, thousands of innocent men woman and children are abused, tortured and killed.

1939-09-01 00:00:00

World War II

Nazi Germany, led by Adolf Hitler, begins to annex neighbouring states until Poland is destroyed through blitzkrieg and taken over. The League of Nations takes action, and soon Europe has a front row ticket to full blown World war. East asia is also included through Japan's ambitions of domination of China. Axis powers vs Allied nations. By the end, Nazi Germany abolished and all of Europe is divided between the allies and the Soviets. Death toll: aprox 70 000 000

1945-06-26 00:00:00

Charter of United Nations

The League of nations becomes the United Nations, and the Charter is signed by 51 countries. This organisation becomes extremely influential in future conflicts all over the world.

1945-08-06 00:00:00

Nagasaki and Hiroshima atomic bombs

To mark the end of the war, two atomic weapons are dropped on Japanese cities. Japan surrenders. Death toll: 250 000 000

1947-02-01 00:00:00

Cold War

After end of war, world superpower of United States with pronounced opposition to Communism begins tension with other world superpower of the Soviet Union.

1948-01-09 00:00:00

Genocide Convention

The U.N. signs a convention on the prevention and punishment of Genocide. It calls for foreign action when genocide is recognised in a nation.

1949-02-01 00:00:00

World's 3rd Dictator

Mao Zedong becomes communist China's dictator. During his ruling nearly 80 000 000 are killed in China.

1950-02-01 00:00:00

Decolonisation of Africa

Through entire decade, many african states gain independence from European colonists, including Libya, Tunisia and Morocco.

1950-06-01 00:00:00

Korean War

War begins between soythern Republic of Korea supported by newly formed United Nations and northern Democratic People's republic of Korea supported by communist China.

1953-02-01 00:00:00

Cuban Revolution

Communism spreads to the Americas as well. Led by Fidel Castro and Che Guevara, revolutionary forces succeed in overthrow of government and install a communistic regime. Strong ties are made with Russia, while the ones with United States are broken. Death Toll: 5000

1953-05-05 13:54:12

Death of Josef Stalin

After over two decades of leading the USSR, Josef Stalin dies. During his dictatorship and regime, over 30 000 000 people die all over the Soviet Union.

1955-11-01 04:40:28

Vietnam War

Worldwide anti-communism sparks internal conflict in nation of Vietnam. Involvement of United States began in 1960s. Death toll: approx 700,000

1959-02-01 00:00:00

Rawanda Wind of Terror

Conflict begins in african nation after beating up of Hutu politician by Tutsi forces.

1963-11-01 00:00:00

Assassination of John F. Kennedy

After being in office for under 2 years, the president of the United States in shot in Dallas, Texas.

1967-07-06 00:00:00

Nigerian Civil War

Provinces of Nigeria stating independence cause internal conflict, resulting in 3 000 000 deaths, a large portion as a result of famine.

1968-02-01 00:00:00

Worldwide Student Rebellion

A wave of student protests, marches and riots sweeps across the world as the new generation rejects the parties and regimes of the early part of the century. Serious events occur in United States, France and Mexico.

1968-10-02 00:00:00

Tlatelolco Massacre

A peaceful student protest in Tlatelolco neighbourhood of Mexico City is violently suppressed by government forces. Over 500 students and bystanders are shot or bayonetted to death.

1968-10-12 00:00:00

Summer Olympics

The opening ceremony in Mexico City marks the first Olympics held in a Latin American country.

1975-02-01 00:00:00

Cambodian Genocide

Vietnam conflict spills into Cambodia, bringing the Khmer Rouge into power and ethnic cleansing begins. Four million people are mass murdered and starved.

1975-04-13 00:00:00

Lebanese Civil War

Rebellious Muslim forces begin war with Christian government resulting with displacement of over a million people and death of 150 000.

1978-01-01 00:00:00

Iranian Revolution

The Iranian public began demonstrations against the Phalvi Dynasty. Ultimately the Islamic Republic of Iran is formed and major cultural changes are made within the country.

1978-02-01 00:00:00

Jim Jones Mass Suicide

After establishing a exclusive community in Guyana called Jonestown, he leads over 900 Americans to suicide through implementation of extremist cult ideologies.

1986-01-28 00:00:00

Space Shuttle Challenger

A few moments after launch, the space shuttle disintegrates over the atlantic ocean.

1990-08-02 00:00:00

Gulf War

Iraqi forces invaded Kuwait, blaming them for economical reasons. The U.N. intervenes in the conflict, led by the U.S. Iraq was driven out of Kuwait, but left it with thousands of oil rigs lit on fire.

1991-06-25 00:00:00

Yugoslav Wars

Yugoslavia begins to break up into separate nations, causing various internal conflicts. Death toll: approx 140, 000 Including battles and various war crimes.

1991-08-06 00:00:00


Scientists at CERN develop an interface with which they shared flies and pages. This system would develop into the widely used World Wide Web network. Soon, a very large percentage of the population would have access to endless information through the internet.

1991-12-26 00:00:00

End of USSR

The Soviet Union dissolutes and Russia is recognised as a nation, along with 15 other states formerly in the USSR. This signalised the end of communism in Europe, and all over the world, totalitarian governments slowly transformed to Democratic societies.

1992-02-01 00:00:00

Bosnian Genocide

As Yugoslavia begins to break up, Bosnian Serbs form militias and begin the extermination of Bosnian muslims. 30 000 people perish.

1993-11-01 00:00:00

Creation of European Union

The Maastricht Treaty is signed and the modern EU begins.

1994-04-06 00:00:00

Rwandan Genocide

After many years of tension between ethnic groups, mass killings begin targeting Rwanda's Tutsi population, perpetrated by the Hutu-led government. Death toll: 500, 000- 1,000,000

2001-09-11 00:00:00


A terrorist attack targets major financial and government institutions in the Unites States. Highjacked planes are crashed into the World Trade Centre in downtown Manhattan, as well as the Pentagon and Washington D.C.

2003-02-01 00:00:00

Darfur Genocide

War breaks out int he Sudanese region of Darfur, through which 400,000 civilians are murdered. The war ended int he break up of Sudan into two separate nations.

2003-03-20 00:00:00

Iraq War

Part of the War on terrorism, in 2003, the U.S. along with the U.K. and poland invade Iraq, officially starting the war.

Genocides of The 20th Century

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