ESA Early Past Presidents

The Governing Board established the Past Presidents 2015 Committee in 2011 to assist in preparations for the Centennial.

Chaired by Jean Langenheim, the committee decided to develop a living past presidents timeline as a way of presenting the personal recollections of each president about the major issues and developments during their term in office. This timeline, still under development, covers the period 1968 to the present. Progress can be viewed at ;xSTx;a href="" target="blank";xETx;Living Past Presidents' Timeline;xSTx;/a;xETx;. ;xNLx;;xNLx;Subsequently, the Past Presidents Committee agreed that a similar timeline could be developed for earlier presidents, using historical records as an indication of the issues and developments faced by the officers from 1916 to 1967.;xNLx;;xNLx;This 1926 photo shows 16 of ESA’s founding members. To identify people in the photo, see the ;xSTx;a href="" target="blank";xETx;ESA History website;xSTx;/a;xETx;. ;xNLx;;xNLx;

1915-01-06 10:09:39



1916-01-06 10:09:39

Victor Ernest Shelford (1877-1968)

Natural areas and field trips are important

1917-01-06 10:09:39

Ellsworth Huntington (1876-1947)

Defining the qualifications for membership

1918-01-06 10:09:39

Henry Chandler Cowles (1869-1939)

ESA joins the National Research Council

1919-01-06 10:09:39

Barrington Moore (1883-1966)

Identifying areas important for study

1920-01-06 10:09:39

Barrington Moore (1883-1966)

First issue of Ecology published

1921-01-06 10:09:39

Stephen Alfred Forbes (1844-1930)

Ecology for the benefit of human welfare

1922-01-01 05:05:14

Forrest Shreve (1878-1950)

Affiliation with other biological sciences

1923-01-01 05:05:14

Charles Christopher Adams (1873-1955)

Resolution to protect Glacier Bay

1924-01-01 05:05:14

Edgar Nelson Transeau (1875-1960)

Promotion of national parks and monuments

1925-01-01 05:05:14

Arthur Sperry Pearse (1877-1956)

A Naturalist's Guide to the Americas published

1926-01-01 05:05:14

John William Harshberger (1869-1929)

Long-term basic research is important

1927-01-01 05:05:14

Chancey Juday (1871-1944)

Quantitative studies are encouraged

1928-01-01 05:05:14

Homer Leroy Shantz (1876-1958)

Concerns raised about ESA advocacy

1929-01-01 05:05:14

Warder Clyde Allee (1885-1955)

U. S. Forest Service commended

1930-01-01 05:05:14

John Ernst Weaver (1884-1966)

First issue of Ecological Monographs

1931-01-01 05:05:14

Asa Orrin Weese (1885-1955)

Managing "complete units"

1932-01-01 05:05:14

George Elwood Nichols (1882-1939)

Protecting wilderness values

1933-01-01 05:05:14

Edwin Booth Powers (1880-1949)

Clarification of nomenclature

1934-01-01 05:05:14

George Damon Fuller (1869-1961)

Maintaining water levels during drought

1935-01-01 05:05:14

Walter Penn Taylor (1888-1972)

A broad and synthetic view

1936-01-01 05:05:14

William Skinner Cooper (1884-1978)

First ESA sections established

1937-01-01 05:05:14

Robert Ervin Coker (1876-1967)

The importance of ESA's historical records

1938-01-01 05:05:14

Herbert Christian Hanson (1890-1962)

Applied ecology: An aspect of human ecology

1939-01-06 10:09:39

Charles Taylor Vorhies (1879-1949)

“Harmonizing” ESA’s constitution with actual practices, with changes that would facilitate holding land for natural areas

1940-01-06 10:09:39

Francis Ramaley (1870-1942)

The minutes note that “The editors are not too well pleased with the physical appearance and make-up of many of the manuscripts submitted.”

1941-01-06 10:09:39

Alfred Edwards Emerson (1896-1976)

ESA journals for European libraries are stored until after the war

1942-01-06 10:09:39

Clarence Ferdinand Korstian (1889-1968)

ESA’s annual meetings are canceled due to the war, at the request of the U.S. Department of Defense Transportation.

1943-01-06 10:09:39

Orlando Park (1901-1969)

No annual meeting due to the war; the number of new graduate students declines.

1944-01-06 10:09:39

Robert Fiske Griggs (1881-1962)

Controversy over ESA’s constitution; the Committee on Preservation of Natural Conditions is discontinued.

1945-01-06 10:09:39

Alfred Clarence Redfield (1890-1983)

Defends last year’s decision that ESA committees cannot influence legislation on their own behalf, though committees can ask the Society to take such actions.

1946-01-06 10:09:39

John Mulvaney Aikman (1893-1975)

Envisoning a permanent home for ESA

1947-01-06 10:09:39

Rand Aldo Leopold (1887-1948)

AIBS is founded, ESA joins, and the George Mercer Award is established

1948-01-06 10:09:39

Paul Bigelow Sears (1891-1990)

ESA participates in planning a World Congress of Social and Applied Sciences

1949-01-01 00:00:00

Zeno Payne Metcalf (1885-1956)

Concern about the low number of papers submitted for the annual meeting; annual dinner cancelled because of uncertainty about how many would attend.

1950-01-01 00:00:00

Emma Lucy Braun (1889-1971)

ESA and AAAS sponsor a symposium on science and human values, with philosopher John Dewey on the program

1951-01-01 00:00:00

Samuel Charles Kendeigh (1904-1986)

The Committee on the National Scientific Roster and Related Problems identifies the role of ecologists at times of war and peace

1952-01-01 00:00:00

Frank Caleb Gates (1887-1955)

ESA’s membership should be larger to enable the Society to “assume its appropriate place.”

1953-01-01 03:07:33

Lee Raymond Dice (1887-1977)

Concern about special interest groups leaving ESA

1954-01-01 00:00:00

John Ernest Potzger (1886-1955)

Membership in Natural Resources Council of America renewed after members complai

1955-01-01 00:00:00

William John Hamilton Jr. (1902-1990)

New emphasis on the ecological effects of pesticides and radiation

1956-01-01 00:00:00

Henry John Oosting (1903-1968)

To better accommodate the broad interests of ESA members, a proposal for special interest sections and geographical chapters is adopted.

1957-01-01 00:00:00

William Albert Dreyer (1904-1979)

ESA members vote to again withdraw from the Natural Resources Council of America

1958-01-01 00:00:00

Stanley Adair Cain (1902-1995)

ESA’s role in public affairs and defining human ecology

1959-01-01 00:00:00

Thomas Park (1908-1992)

Should ESA merge with ASLO?

1960-01-01 00:00:00

Charles Edward Olmsted (1908-1977)

Manuscript submissions result in long publication delays

1961-01-01 00:00:00

Arthur Davis Hasler (1908-2001)

Radioecology becomes an issue of major concern and President John F. Kennedy asks NRC for advice on natural resources

1962-01-01 00:00:00

Murray Fife Buell (1905-1975)

A sharper focus on ecosystems and long-term effects

1963-01-01 00:00:00

William Franklin Blair (1912-1985)

The Public Affairs Committee is appointed and the chair testifies at a Congressional hearing.

1964-01-01 00:00:00

John Frederick Reed (1911-1997)

ESA members nominated for the National Academy of Science

ESA Early Past Presidents

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