History of Henry Hudson

This timeline depicts the major events in the life of the famous explorer Henry Hudson. This timeline includes his famous four voyages along with interesting facts about Hudson himself.

1560-01-01 00:00:00

The Estimated Birth of Henry Hudson

The are no records on the actual birth of Henry Hudson. Many historians claim he was born in the 1560's.

1570-01-01 00:00:00


There is no documentation about Henry Hudson's early life. Many believe he grew up as a cabin boy on a ship, and worked his way up to the ship's captain.

1607-05-01 00:00:00

1607 Voyage

Hudson set out on his first major voyage in 1608 to find a northerly route to the specific coast of Asia. He sailed on 1 May with a crew of ten men and one boy on a 80 ton ship, known as the "Hopewell."

1607-09-15 00:00:00

Mission Failed

Hudson's crew became lost at sea after claiming to spot land which threw them off course. They ran into an ice pack and returned home to Tilbury Hope on 15 December.

1608-02-01 00:00:00

Alleged discovery

According to Thomas Edge, Hudson discovered an island he named "Hudson's Tutches." No evidence of the discovery was found in Hudsons personal journal, and there is no logical route Hudson could've taken to the island during his voyages.

1608-04-22 00:00:00

1608 Voyage

As Henry's mother once told him, "If at first you don't succeed, sail around the world for a second try." Or something like that. Yet again Hudson and his crew set out on a second journey in a search for a passage into the Indies. Henry Hudson and his crew leave London on 22 April in the "Hopewell." The ship now has an estimated 2,500 miles on it. I hope he changed the oil!

1608-08-26 00:00:00

Mission Failed Yet Again

Once again Henry and his crew failed to find a passage to the Indies. They sailed well above the arctic circle, and ran into the inpenetrable ice again. I think these guys need to get a new compass. They turned around and landed in the port at Gravesend on 26 August

1609-04-04 00:00:00

1609 Voyage

Hudson was hired by the merchants of Dutch East India Company to set out for a passage to Asia. If it was my decision, I wouldn't have hired a sailor who has failed his first two voyages by running into ice... Anyway, Hudson pointed his ship west and set sail.

1609-07-02 00:00:00

The Journey Continues

Having heard rumors, Hudson and his crew decided to take a westerly route through the Americas. He was heading to the Great Lakes. Along rivers, Hudson traded with many Natives and established a Dutch trading post.

1609-09-23 00:00:00

Victorious Return

Hudson and his crew returned home having accomplished something! They discovered many rivers and other small routes among the coasts.

1610-05-11 00:00:00

1610-1611 Voyage

Henry was set out on another voyage in 1610. He was funded by England this time, and was given a new ship. There was much excitement in the expectation that the ship had found the Northwest Passage.

1610-08-02 00:00:00

Mission Failed Once More

Hudson did not find a passage to Asia. In November, the ship became trapped in ice (surprise, I know) and the crew had to stay ashore during Winter.

1611-06-01 00:00:00


Once the ice cleared in Spring, Hudson planned to use his ship to further explore Hudson Bay in search for the passage, but the crew wished to return home. The mutiny was led by two crew members. They placed Hudson, his teenage son, and seven other sick or loyal crew members to Hudson in a small shallop (small boat). Hudson and his men kept up with the main ship for awhile, but then exhuastion took place and Hudson was never seen again. Their fate is unknown.

History of Henry Hudson

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