200 Years of Jackson County

This is the history of Jackson County.

The times, places and people that shaped the rich history of Jackson County's 200 years of existence. ;xNLx;If you see any errors, or have any suggestions please contact 200@co.jackson.ms.us.

1812-12-18 00:00:00

1st County Seat in Benndale

The 1st County seat was set up in current day Benndale community with the Courthouse established in the home of Thomas Bilbo

1812-12-18 10:20:40

Jackson County Founded

Jackson County created and named in honor of either General Andrew Jackson or General James Jackson.

1813-08-19 00:00:00

Hurricane Hits Gulf Coast

A hurricane hit the coast.

1813-08-30 00:00:00

Ft. Mims Massacre

Nearly 500 U.S. colonists killed by Spanish troops and Creek Indians in current day Baldwin County

1814-09-01 00:00:00

Gen. Andrew Jackson marches through Jackson County

General Andrew Jackson marches through Jackson County to fight British troops. Many Jackson County men joined.

1818-02-01 00:00:00

First County school held near Benndale

1819-08-01 00:00:00

Hurricane hits Gulf Coast

Enter story info here

1822-02-01 00:00:00

County Seat moves to Brewer's Bluff

County leaders moved the seat of government from the home of Thomas Bilbo to Brewer's Bluff where first "real" courthouse and jail were built.

1826-02-01 00:00:00

County Seat moves to Americus Community

Americus, located on the south side of Cedar Creek just east of what is now Old Americus Road, was the seat of county government for more than half a century. Yet, today there are no visible signs that it ever existed.

1833-02-01 00:00:00

Original Round Lighthouse placed into service

Contract was awarded to Marshall Lincoln of Plymouth, Mass. in the amount of $5,895. (Source: Lighthouse Preservation Society)

1837-02-01 00:00:00

Americus Courthouse burned

In 1837, the infamous outlaw James Copeland and his gang burned the courthouse at Americus to destroy evidence against Copeland in a pending trial.

1838-02-01 00:00:00

New Shipyard in Three Rivers

Ebenezer Clark brings new shipyard to Three Rivers area

1838-02-09 00:00:00

Pascagoula Town Company

Pascagoula was officially created on February 9, 1838. The community name divided and took different names over the years. When the railroad came to town in 1870, the community grew around the railroad depot and in 1871was named for a Mr. Scranton, railroad engineer.

1839-02-01 00:00:00

Grant's Pass Dredged for first time

John Grant invested $100,000 of his own money, built a dredge that he designed, and had a six foot pass completed by the fall of 1839 which stretched from Mobile Bay into the Mississippi Sound.

1840-02-01 00:00:00

John Grant dredges Pascagoula River

Captain John Grant dredges the east side of the Pascagoula River establishing shipping and Pascagoula's modern day riverfront.

1841-02-01 00:00:00

Harrison County Created

Harrison County was created in 1841 from a cut from the western part of Jackson County as well as a portion of the eastern part of Hancock County.

1848-02-01 00:00:00

Camp Jefferson Davis established

This property covered an area from the Country Club and Pascagoula Beach Park area east to Bayou Casotte

1850-02-01 00:00:00

Forts Lake Community

Forts Lake community thrives with sawmill

1850-02-01 00:00:00

Forts Lake Community thrives

Around 1850, the Forts Lake community was thriving with sawmills.

1852-08-26 00:00:00

"Great Mobile Hurricane"

Category 3 Hurricane hits gulf Coast with highest flood known since 1772

1853-02-01 00:00:00

Yellow Fever epidemic spreads across coast

1853-02-01 00:00:00

Lynchburg Springs Post Office established

This is the future Ocean Springs

1855-02-01 00:00:00

"Ocean Springs Gazette" Begins

1855-02-01 00:00:00


Henry Ehlers opens first post office in Escatawpa.

1855-02-23 00:00:00

Escatawpa Post Office opens

Escatawpa became officially known when Henry Ehlers opened the first post office there.

1859-02-01 00:00:00

Second Round Lighthouse commissioned

The new lighthouse cost $7,130.97 and was fitted with a fourth order Fresnel lens, giving it a vasitbility of 12 to 14 miles.

1860-01-01 00:00:00

Abraham Lincoln elected 14th US President

1860-02-01 00:00:00

Storms hit Gulf Coast

1861-01-09 00:00:00

Mississippi secedes from the Union

Mississippi seceded from the Union on January 9, 1861 and A.E. Lewis was Jackson County's delegate to the Secession Convention.

1861-02-01 00:00:00

Mississippi troops take over Fort Massachusettes on Ship Island

1861-03-11 00:00:00

Constitution of the Confederate States was Adopted

1861-04-12 00:00:00

U.S. Civil War

1861-12-15 00:00:00

3,000 Union troops land in East Pascagoula and begin march to Mobile

"After landing at East Pascagoula on December 15 with three thousand infantrymen, Granger began his march to Mobile. He asked Canby to allow him to use Davidson's cavalrymen, who had just arrived at West Pascagoula, so that he could try to destroy part of the Mobile and Ohio Railroad.

1863-04-09 00:00:00

160 Black Union soldiers fought their way to the East Pascagoula Hotel

On April 9, 1863, a company of 160 Black soldiers stationed at Ship Island, landed on Greenwood Island, drove back a defending force and hoisted a Federal flag over the East Pascagoula Hotel. They were later driven off by Confederate forces from Mobile.

1865-04-10 00:00:00

Civil War Officially ends

1868-02-01 00:00:00

Railway Construction begins

1870-02-01 00:00:00

Vancleave Post Office opened

1870-02-01 00:00:00

Railroad began service to Pascagoula

In November 1870 the New Orleans, Mobile and Chattanooga Railroad began service to Pascagoula where a Western Union station and depot were built near Delmas Avenue.

1870-02-01 00:00:00

Storm with high surge

1871-02-01 00:00:00

County seat moves south to Scranton

Fires on Aug. 28, 1873 and March 1, 1875 destroyed Courthouse records

1873-08-28 00:00:00

1st Scranton Courthouse Fire

1874-02-01 00:00:00

Yellow Fever epidemic

An epidemic of Yellow Fever sweeps across the Coast leading to the formation of the first Board of Health in 1877.

1874-02-01 00:00:00

"The Star of Pascagoula" newspaper established

"The Star of Pascagoula" newspaper was established in Scranton. In 1878 it was changed to "Democrat Star."

1874-02-01 00:00:00

Congress establishes the Port of Pascagoula

Considered to be the beginning of the development of the modern port. That year Congress appropriated $100,000 for a lighthouse, a customs house and dredging of the harbor and declared Pascagoula a Port of Delivery.

1875-02-01 00:00:00

1st Public School opens in Scranton

Scranton Academy opened at the corner of School and Pascagoula Streets.

1875-03-01 00:00:00

2nd Scranton Courthouse Fire

A new courthouse was constructed and finished in Nov. 1878 on Delmas and Magnolia Streets.

1876-02-01 00:00:00

Orange Grove Post Office opens

1876-02-01 00:00:00

St. Martin community begins to develop

1877-02-01 00:00:00

State Board of Health Created

Due to the persistence of Yellow fever, a Board of Health was established and a quarantine physician appointed.

1882-02-01 00:00:00

First Pascagoula Bank

The first bank was chartered by W.H. Brumble in 1882, two years later the Scranton Bank was opened by H.F. Krebs.

200 Years of Jackson County

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