Early-modern women calligraphers

This timeline focuses on women of the early-modern period in Europe known for their calligraphy. [In process]

It is organized in order to highlight connections between these women, their work, and their careers. In order to be included here, a calligrapher had to evince evidence of professional aspirations, such as publishing a copybook, having their work published in a collection, or seeking commissions or patronage. Teaching penmanship is another such marker, though not by itself.;xNLx;;xNLx;;xSTx;i;xETx;Image;xSTx;/i;xETx;: Example of Maria Strick's calligraphy, NYPL ([Huffpost](https://www.huffpost.com/entry/12-women-artists-print-making-nypl_n_562e894be4b06317990ef475));xNLx;;xNLx;;xSTx;i;xETx;Background image;xSTx;/i;xETx;: Example of Marie Pavie's calligraphy, Newberry Library ([source](https://ilovetypography.com/2020/06/18/the-writing-mistress/));xNLx;;xNLx;This timeline benefits from a number of sources, including the invaluable [Wikimedia Commons](https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Main_Page). Images are shared under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-SA 4.0) license unless otherwise stated. All errors are my own.;xNLx;;xNLx;Compiled by Miriam Jones, Humanities and Languages, [University of New Brunswick Saint John](https://unb.ca), in Menahkwesk on the unceded land of the Wabanaki Confederacy.

1510-01-01 00:00:00

Elizabeth Lucar

(England, 1510–1537)

1540-01-01 00:00:00

Marie Presot

(Scotland, fl. 1574)

1558-06-24 00:00:00

Jacomina Hondius

(Netherlands, 24 June 1558 – 02 January 1628)

1571-01-01 00:00:00

Esther Inglis

(Scotland, 1571–1624)

1577-01-01 00:00:00

Maria Strick

(Holland, 1577–c1631)

1580-01-01 00:00:00

Marie Pavie

(France, 1580 –?)

1594-01-01 00:00:00

Theatrum Artis scribendi

(Trans. Theatre of the Art of Writing.)

1606-01-01 00:00:00

A New Yeeres Gvift

Enter story info here

1607-01-01 00:00:00

Toneel der loflijkcke schrijfpen

Maria Strick's first of four extant copybooks.

1608-01-01 00:00:00

Le premier essay de la plume de Marie Pavie

This copybook is the only work extant of Marie Pavie; there are only two known copies, one incomplete.

1611-01-01 00:00:00

Christelycke A. B. C.

One of Maria Strick's four extant copybooks.

1618-01-01 00:00:00

Schat oft voorbeelt

One of Maria Strick's four extant copybooks.

1624-01-01 00:00:00

Fonteyne des levens dat is Schoone

One of Maria Strick's four extant copybooks.

1723-01-01 00:00:00

Mary Johns

Mary Johns (England, fl. 1730) is known to us from a single contemporary reference.

1762-01-01 00:00:00

Charlotte Palmer

(c. 1762 – c. 1834)

1797-01-01 00:00:00

A newly-Invented copy-book

Early-modern women calligraphers

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