ENGL3621 Women Writing I

A timeline for use in ENGL3621 Women Writing I [in process]

Image: Marie de France ([source](https://actualites.ecoledeslettres.fr/litteratures/la-parole-dans-les-lais-de-marie-de-france-agregation-2019/));xNLx;Background image: A crossed letter written by Mrs. F. L. Bridgeman to Fanny West, December 15, 1837. (Miscellaneous Collection; Reference Code: F775 (1837-10); Archives of Ontario) ([Wikimedia Commons](https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:10_16_cross_writing_1020.jpg));xNLx;;xNLx;This timeline benefits from a number of sources, including the invaluable [Wikimedia Commons](https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Main_Page). Images are shared under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-SA 4.0) license unless otherwise stated. All errors are my own.;xNLx;;xNLx;Compiled by Miriam Jones, Humanities and Languages, [University of New Brunswick Saint John](https://unb.ca), in Menahkwesk on the unceded land of the Wabanaki Confederacy.

0960-01-01 00:00:00

The Wife's Lament

"The Wife's Lament" is one of the poems collected in the Exeter Book, the largest and oldest collection of Old English poetry extant.

1154-01-01 00:00:00

Marie de France

Marie de France was an Anglo-Norman writer of tales, fables, and at least one hagiography.

1155-01-01 00:00:00

The Lais of Marie de France

There are twelve Breton lais by Marie de France extant: chivalric tales written in Anglo Norman.

1343-01-01 00:00:00

Julian of Norwich

Julian of Norwich (1343 – after 1416) was a Christian mystic writer and anchorite.

1373-01-01 00:00:00

Revelations of Divine Love

Julian of Norwich wrote two versions of her famous text:

1373-01-01 00:00:00

Margery Kempe

Margery Kempe (c. 1373 – after 1438) was a Christian mystic, writer, and traveller.

1438-01-01 00:00:00

The Book of Margery Kempe

Margery Kempe's spiritual autobiography was not published in its entirely until the twentieth century.

1460-01-01 00:00:00

Gwerful Mechain

Gwerful Mechain (fl. 1460–1502) was a Welsh medieval poet.

1569-01-01 00:00:00

Aemilia Lanyer

Aemilia Lanyer (1569–1645), poet

1587-01-01 00:00:00

Mary Wroth

Lady Mary Wroth (1587–1653) was a Renaissance poet.

1597-01-01 00:00:00

Rachel Speght

Rachel Speght was a Calvinist feminist polemicist.

1611-01-01 00:00:00

Eve’s Apology in Defense of Women

Collected in Salve Deus Rex Judaeorum (1611).

1612-03-20 00:00:00

Anne Bradstreet

Anne Bradstreet (March 20, 1612 – September 16, 1672) was the published first writer in England's North American colonies.

1617-01-01 00:00:00

A Mouzell for Melastomus

Trans. "a muzzle for a black mouth"

1621-01-01 00:00:00

Pamphilia to Amphilanthus

Pamphilia to Amphilanthus (1621) is the second-known sonnet sequence by a woman in English.

1623-01-01 00:00:00

Margaret Cavendish

Margaret Lucas Cavendish, Duchess of Newcastle-upon-Tyne (1623 – 15 December 1673) was a philosopher, poet, and playwright.

1627-01-01 00:00:00

Dorothy Osborne

Dorothy Osborne, Lady Temple (1627–1695) was a British writer mentioned briefly by Virginia Woolf.

1631-01-01 00:00:00

Katherine Philips

Katherine Philips (1 January 1631/2 – 22 June 1664) was also known as "The Matchless Orinda."

1637-01-01 00:00:00

Mary Rowlandson

Mary Rowlandson, née White, later Mary Talcott (c. 1637 – January 5, 1711)

1640-09-01 00:00:00

Aphra Behn

"Aphra Behn, the 17th-century poet, playwright and fiction writer, is hailed by Virginia Woolf in A Room of One’s Own (1929) for having ‘earned [women] the right to speak their minds’" (British Library).

1653-01-01 00:00:00

Poems and Fancies

Margaret Cavendish published this collection in 1653.

1660-01-01 00:00:00

Anne Killigrew

Anne Killigrew (1660–1685) was a poet and painter.

1661-04-01 00:00:00

Anne Finch

Anne Finch, Countess of Winchilsea (née Kingsmill; April 1661 – 5 August 1720), poet, is mentioned by Virginia Woolf.

1667-01-01 00:00:00

A Married State

In this poem, Katherine Philips reflects on matrimony.

1667-01-01 00:00:00

To Mrs. M.A. at Parting

Katherine Philips wrote this poem to a friend from whom she was separated by marriage.

1678-01-01 00:00:00

Several Poems

This collection of Anne Bradstreet's poems was published posthumously in 1678.

1682-01-01 00:00:00

A Narrative of the Captivity and Restoration of Mrs. Mary Rowlandson

Mary Rowlandson's autobiographical text can be categorized as a captivity narrative.

1683-04-16 21:08:14

“The Answer [To Pope’s “Impromptu”]”

Anne Finch wrote this poem in answer to Alexander Pope.

1686-01-01 00:00:00

Poems

Anne Killigrew's Poems were published in 1686.

1688-01-01 00:00:00

Oroonoko

Aphra Behn

1688-01-01 00:00:00

To the Fair Clarinda

The full title to Aphra Behn's poem is “To the Fair Clarinda, Who Made Love to Me, Imagined More than a Woman."

1698-01-01 00:00:00

The Adventure of the Black Lady

"The Adventure of the Black Lady" is a short amatory fiction by Aphra Behn.

1720-09-21 00:00:00

Sarah Scott

Sarah Scott (née Robinson) (21 September 1720 – 3 November 1795)

1752-06-13 00:00:00

Frances Burney

Frances Burney (13 June 1752 – 6 January 1840), novelist, is mentioned briefly by Virginia Woolf.

1762-01-01 00:00:00

A description of Millennium Hall

Sarah Scott's novel was published in 1762.

1775-12-16 00:00:00

Jane Austen

Jane Austen (16 December 1775 – 18 July 1817), novelist, is discussed by Virginia Woolf.

1787-12-16 00:00:00

Mary Russell Mitford

Mary Russell Mitford (16 December 1787 – 10 January 1855) was an English author whom Virginia Woolf mentions in passing.

1798-01-01 00:00:00

The Unsex'd Females

Richard Polwhele's poem

1810-04-29 00:00:00

Elizabeth Gaskell

Elizabeth Gaskell (29 September 1810 – 12 November 1865), novelist, is mentioned by Virginia Woolf.

1816-04-21 00:00:00

Charlotte Brontë

Charlotte Brontë (21 April 1816 – 31 March 1855), novelist, is discussed by Virginia Woolf.

1818-07-30 00:00:00

Emily Brontë

Emily Brontë (30 July 1818 – 19 December 1848), novelist, is discussed by Virginia Woolf.

1819-11-22 00:00:00

George Eliot

Mary Ann Evans (22 November 1819 – 22 December 1880), novelist, who wrote under the name George Eliot, is discussed by Virginia Woolf.

1830-04-22 00:00:00

Emily Davies

Sarah Emily Davies (22 April 1830 – 13 July 1921), co-founder of Girton College, Cambridge University, is mentioned by Virginia Woolf.

1882-01-25 00:00:00

Virginia Woolf

Feminist literary critics should throw roses upon the grave of Virginia Woolf (25 January 1882 – 28 March 1941), for it was she who laid the scaffolding for their discipline.

1892-12-12 00:00:00

Rebecca West

Rebecca West (21 December 1892 – 15 March 1983), author, was mentioned by Virginia Woolf.

1929-09-01 00:00:00

A Room of One's Own

Based on talks given at Newnham College and Girton College in 1928,

1934-02-18 00:00:00

Audre Lorde

Audre Lorde (February 18, 1934 – November 17, 1992) was an American writer and activist.

1979-01-01 00:00:00

The Master’s Tools Will Never Dismantle the Master’s House

In 1979 Audre Lorde made a speech, "The Master’s Tools Will Never Dismantle the Master’s House."

ENGL3621 Women Writing I

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