ENGL1101 Literature in English I Timeline

A timeline for use in English 1101 (formerly 2101): Literature in English I [in process]

This timeline benefits from a number of sources, including the invaluable [Wikimedia Commons](https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Main_Page). Images are shared under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-SA 4.0) license unless otherwise stated. All errors are my own.;xNLx;;xNLx;Compiled by Miriam Jones, Humanities and Languages, [University of New Brunswick Saint John](https://unb.ca), in Menahkwesk on the unceded land of the Wabanaki Confederacy.;xNLx;;xNLx;[Image: A bookshop in Portugal, ;xSTx;a href="https://www.pexels.com/fr-fr/photo/livres-assortis-sur-etagere-1290141/";xETx;Public Domain;xSTx;/a;xETx;]

0428-01-01 00:00:00

Old English literature

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1000-05-04 00:00:00


Beowulf is an epic poem in Old English set in the pagan world of 6th-century Scandinavia. It was likely written in the early decades of the eleventh century.

1000-10-29 04:24:37

Beowulf Poet

The Beowulf poet, writing in the first decades of the eleventh century after Christianity had reached Britain, describes events set centuries before, involving Scandanavian pagans sometime between 700 – 800 CE.

1154-09-25 19:32:52

Marie de France

Marie de France was an Anglo-French writer of tales, fables, and at least one hagiography.

1155-09-14 20:27:29


"Lanval" is one of twelve extant Breton lais by Marie de France. The lais are chivalric tales written in Anglo Norman.

1304-07-20 00:00:00

Francesco Petrarca

Francesco Petrarca (July 20, 1304 – July 18/19, 1374) was a key figure in the Italian Renaissance.

1327-01-01 00:00:00

Rime Sparse

Il Canzoniere (Song Book), also known as the Rime Sparse (Scattered Rhymes).

1350-01-01 00:00:00

The alliterative revival

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1370-10-29 04:24:37

The Pearl Poet

The anonymous author of Sir Gawain and the Green Knight is known variously as the Gawain Poet and the Pearl Poet, after The Pearl, one of the four poems bound together in the Cotton MS Nero A X: Sir Gawain and the Green Knight, The Pearl, Cleanness, and Patience. The poems were likely composed towards the end of the fourteenth century but the Cotton MS, the only surviving manuscript, was written by a different scribe, probably early in the fifteenth century.

1390-01-28 08:51:36

Sir Gawain and the Green Knight

Sir Gawain and the Green Knight was probably composed in the West-Midlands region of Britain at the end of the fourteenth century and written out early in the fifteenth.

1480-06-20 22:28:49

Everyman playwright

Nothing is known of the authorship of Everyman. There is general agreement that it was written in the late medieval period: "The play was written near the end of the fifteenth century. It is probably a translation from a Flemish play, Elckerlijk (or Elckerlyc) first printed in 1495, although there is a possibility that Everyman is the original, the Flemish play the translation. There are four surviving versions of Everyman, two of them fragmentary" (Jokinen).

1503-10-11 08:48:52

Sir Thomas Wyatt

Sir Thomas Wyatt (1503 – 1542) was a 16th-century English politician, ambassador, and lyric poet.

1530-01-01 00:00:00

English Sonnet

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1530-04-14 08:36:27


The somonynge of every man, or Everyman, as it is usually called, was written in the late medieval period and printed c. 1530. Everyman is the first printed book we have read in this course as printing was only developed in the fifteenth century, in Europe.

1552-01-01 00:00:00

Walter Raleigh

Sir Walter Raleigh (ca. 1552 – 29 October 1618) was a soldier, courtier, and poet.

1552-01-01 00:00:00

Edmund Spenser

Edmund Spenser (1552/1553 – 1599) was an English poet.

1552-01-01 00:00:00


Edmund Spenser wrote this sequence of 89 sonnets about his courtship of and marriage to Elizabeth Boyle.

1554-11-30 00:00:00

Philip Sidney

Sir Philip Sidney (30 November 1554 – 17 October 1586) was an English poet, courtier, scholar, and soldier.

1557-01-01 00:00:00

Rime Sparse 190/"Whoso list to hunt"

Thomas Wyatt's sonnet is a translation of Petrach's Rime Sparse 190.

1558-01-01 00:00:00

Elizabethan era

Reign of Queen Elizabeth I

1564-02-26 00:00:00

Christopher Marlowe

Christopher Marlowe, also known as Kit Marlowe (baptised 26 February 1564 – 30 May 1593), was an English playwright and poet.

1564-04-26 00:00:00

William Shakespeare

William Shakespeare (bapt. 26 April 1564 – 23 April 1616) was a poet and dramatist.

1569-01-01 00:00:00

Aemilia Lanyer

Aemilia Lanyer (1569–1645), poet

1572-01-01 00:00:00

John Donne

John Donne (1572– 1631) was an English poet as well as a scholar and a soldier.

1587-01-01 00:00:00

Mary Wroth

Lady Mary Wroth (1587–1653) was a Renaissance poet.

1589-01-01 00:00:00

Doctor Faustus

This tragedy is one of six plays attributed to Christopher Marlowe.

1591-01-01 00:00:00

Astrophil and Stella

Containing 108 sonnets and 11 songs, Astrophil and Stella was probably composed in the 1580s.

1593-01-01 00:00:00

The Passionate Shepherd to His Love

A pastoral poem by Christopher Marlowe (1564–1593), published posthumously,

1600-01-01 00:00:00

The Nymph's Reply to the Shepherd

Walter Raleigh's "The Nymph's Reply" is one of several poems,

1609-01-01 00:00:00

Shakespeare's Sonnets

The Sonnets were published in 1609.

1611-01-01 00:00:00

Eve’s Apology in Defense of Women

Collected in Salve Deus Rex Judaeorum (1611).

1621-01-01 00:00:00

Andrew Marvell

Andrew Marvell (1621 – 1678) was an English Metaphysical Poet and politician.

1621-01-01 00:00:00

Pamphilia to Amphilanthus

Pamphilia to Amphilanthus (1621) is the second-known sonnet sequence by a woman in English.

1630-01-01 00:00:00

Metaphysical poets

Critics argue about the accuracy of this label, and the dates, as well as the names of the poets included, is fluid.

1633-01-01 00:00:00

The Bait

John Donne's "The Bait" is one of several poems,

1633-01-01 00:00:00

The Flea

John Donne's "The Flea" was published posthumously in 1633.

1633-01-01 00:00:00

Samuel Pepys

Samuel Pepys, naval administrator, is best known for the diary he kept between 1659 and 1669.

1640-01-01 00:00:00

Aphra Behn

"Aphra Behn, the 17th-century poet, playwright and fiction writer, was

1647-04-01 00:00:00

John Wilmot

John Wilmot, 2nd Earl of Rochester (1 April 1647 – 26 July 1680) was an English poet and courtier.

1660-01-01 00:00:00


Literature and other art forms turned to classical (Greek and Roman) models for inspiration.

1660-01-01 00:00:00

Daniel Defoe

Defoe (c. 1660 – 24 April 1731) was a prolific writer in many genres, best known now for his novels.

1660-01-01 00:00:00

Amatory fiction

Romantic fiction popular between approximately 1660 to 1730

1660-05-29 00:00:00

Restoration Period

The period between the restoration of the English monarchy to Charles II, and the Glorious Revolution of 1689.

1662-12-23 23:06:34

Diary of Samuel Pepys

Pepys's diary covered an eventful decade of London history, including the Restoration of Charles II, the Black Death of 1665, and the Great Fire of London in 1666.

1667-11-30 00:00:00

Jonathan Swift

Jonathan Swift (30 November 1667 – 19 October 1745) was an Anglo-Irish writer and cleric.

1672-01-01 00:00:00

The Disabled Debauchee

is a libertine poem by John Wilmot, Earl of Rochester.

1681-01-01 00:00:00

To His Coy Mistress

Andrew Marvell's poem was published posthumously in 1681

1684-01-01 00:00:00

Song from Abdelezar

Aphra Behn's poem is a complaint, from the perspective of a woman, about the inequities of heterosexual love.

1689-05-15 00:00:00

Lady Mary Wortley Montagu

Lady Mary Wortley Montagu (5 May 1689 – 21 August 1762) was a writer

1693-01-01 00:00:00

Eliza Haywood

Eliza Haywood had a long and prolific literary career during which she produced plays, novels, translations, periodicals, and works in other genres.

ENGL1101 Literature in English I Timeline

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