AntiRacist Timeline

In the past, race has constantly affected everything. Our present is no different. Racist policies and ideas against blacks, have always, and are still, affecting the political, economical, and social conditions of Blacks.;xNLx;Race has greatly impacted the social conditions for African Americans, as black people have had to continually face racial discrimination in the United States for hundreds of years. For example, even after slavery was abolished, racists often still held on to their discriminatory views of the African American community. They associated “black” with “bad”, and rather than helping to support the black community, they pushed them down. Until the fifteenth amendment was ratified in 1870, black people didn’t have the right to vote. They had no representation in government, therefore had no one in power who fully understood their struggles. African Americans formed committees and started protesting against white supremacy, but the media manipulated these movements into black people wanting “black supremacy”. Race also influences conditions on African Americans economically, as black people have been disproportionately high in only certain areas, which causes inconsistency and high poverty rates in mainly the South where most African Americans live. Their economic oppurtunity is also discriminated against as there is a lot less economic mobility in black communities than other communities, and many policies spread systematic discrimination in areas such as public education, employment discrimination, the social safety net system, and the criminal justice system, which brings race as a factor economically to African Americans.;xNLx;Over time, our systems have changed and some racist policies and issues have been solved. But, the truth is, race still affects blacks’ political, economical, and social life, as many of the policies are still intact, and affect blacks today. Also as time goes on, and situations change, more and more policies and issues are popping up, issues that need to be change to bridge the gap between blacks and whites;xNLx;

1676-01-04 00:00:00

Bacon's Rebellion

It looked like one of those the boys pull down at Shrovetide, and was almost as much to repair as if it had been new to build, and no sign that ever there had been a fence around it...

1688-04-02 15:15:05

1688 Germantown Petition

“Do unto others as you would have them do unto you.” - Matthew 7:12

1776-12-01 00:00:00

Nancy and Gabriel Prosser

1791-08-21 00:00:00

Haiti Revolution

"I took up arms for the freedom of my color. It is our own - we will defend it or perish." - Toussaint l’ouverture

1796-09-26 00:00:00

David Walker

"What gives unity to Walker's polemic," historian Paul Goodman has argued, "is the argument for racial equality and the active part to be taken by black people in achieving it."

1797-12-17 00:00:00

Sojourner Truth

The telling of Fredrick Douglass’s story sparked the telling of many others including The Narrative of Sojourner Truth, which was written in 1850 by Olive Gilbert, a friend of Sojourner Truth. This story would encourage more people to discuss the roles of women during slavery. Sojourner Truth was a former slave, full of strength and determination. Truth was born into slavery in Swartekill, New York, but escaped with her infant daughter to freedom in 1826. After going to court to recover her son in 1828, she became the first black woman to win such a case against a white man. This story inspired many people including Harriet Beecher Stowe, who would write a story about a black slave man. This story would bring more northerners to the abolitionist movement than the writings and speeches of Garrison and Douglass.

1800-05-09 00:00:00

John Brown

I am quite certain that the crimes of this guilty land will never be purged away but with blood. I had, as I now think vainly, flattered myself that without very much bloodshed it might be done. - John Brown

1800-10-02 00:00:00

Nat Turner

It was unexpected. That's just how it was. I don't believe they were faster than us. I don't believe they had more heart or dedication. It just fell on their side. That's the reality of it. - Nat Turner

1818-02-13 00:00:00

Frederick Douglass

"This Fourth of July is yours, not mine, You may rejoice, I must mourn. What to the Slave Is the Fourth of July?" - Frederick Douglass

1833-08-23 01:14:17

American Anti-Slavery Society

The preamble for the American Anti-Slavery Society serves as an introductory statement of the document’s fundamental purposes and guiding principles. It discusses what the Society was created for which is to free of the Slaves. This doesn't call for violent force but for peaceful persuasion in the arguments against slavery and the unequal treatment of people of color.

1858-07-09 00:00:00

Franz Boas

"If we were to select the most intelligent, imaginative, energetic, and emotionally stable third of mankind, all races would be present." - Franz Boas

1870-02-03 06:05:32

Fifteenth Amendment

On February 3, 1870, the Fifteenth Amendment was ratified as the third and last of the Reconstruction Amendments. This amendment made it so that the right of citizens of the United States could not be denied or abridged on account of race, color, or previous condition of servitude. This gave black people the right to vote and the right to contribute in government. While this amendment didn’t automatically mean that the government would represent all minorities, or not make any racist decisions, it was a step in the right direction. The African American community is an important demographic that plays a critical role in determining the outcomes of elections across the country. For example, according to USA Today, in the 2020 presidential election “cities with large Black populations such as Philadelphia, Detroit and Atlanta bolstered Biden's lead in key battleground states”. About 87% of Black voters nationwide chose Biden over Trump, according to preliminary national exit polling. If the Fifteenth Amendment had never been created, our government might be very different today.

1875-03-01 06:05:32

Civil Rights Act of 1875

The Civil Rights Act of 1875 was enacted on March 1, 1875 during the Reconstruction era in response to civil rights violations against African Americans. It affirmed the “equality of all men before the law” and prohibited racial discrimination in public places and facilities such as restaurants and public transportation. The act was unsuccessful because Supreme Court decided that public discrimination could not be prohibited by the act because such discrimination was private, not a state act. African Americans were not US citizens, and therefore could not sue in federal court.

1929-01-15 00:00:00

Martin Luther King Jr.

A riot is the language of the unheard. - Martin Luther King Jr.

1945-01-13 00:00:00

Shelley v. Kraemer, 1948

Rather, these are cases in which the States have made available to such individuals the full coercive power of government to deny to petitioners, on the grounds of race or color, the enjoyment of property rights in premises which petitioners are willing and financially able to acquire and which the grantors are willing to sell. The difference between judicial enforcement and nonenforcement of the restrictive covenants is the difference to petitioners between being denied rights of property available to other members of the community and being accorded full enjoyment of those rights on an equal footing.

1960-02-01 22:08:29

Lunch Counter Sit-Ins 1960

Four Black freshmen at North Carolina A&T entered a Woolworth’s in Greensboro on February 1, 1960. They sat down at the “Whites only” counter, where they were denied service. Rather than leaving, they sat there until the store closed. Within days, hundreds of black students from area colleges and high schools were doing the same. News reports of these “sit-ins” were aired on TV nationally, causing more and more people to participate in working to nonviolently desegregate southern businesses. This sparked the establishment of the Student Non-Violent Coordinating Committee. Their commitment ultimately led to the desegregation of the F. W. Woolworth lunch counter on July 25, 1960.

1963-01-01 00:00:00

The Fire Next Time - James Baldwin

If we – and I mean the relatively conscious whites and the relatively conscious blacks, who must, like lovers, insist on, or create, the consciousness of others – do not falter in our duty now, we may be able, handful that we are, to end the racial nightmare, and achieve our country, and change the history of the world. - James Baldwin

1963-08-28 19:22:26

March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom

On August 28 1963, about a quarter-million people came together to participate in the historic March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom gathering near the Lincoln Memorial. The march was organized by civil rights groups, but the Kennedy administration controlled the event, ruling out civil disobedience. Kennedy aides approved the speakers and speeches. At the march, they honored the death of W.E.B. Du Bois, who had called for a similar gathering years before. They hoped the march would force millions to accept the equal souls of Black people.

1964-07-02 00:00:00

Civil Rights Act of 1964

1966-10-01 15:15:05

Black Panther Party

Malcolm, implacable to the ultimate degree, held out to the Black masses... liberation from the chains of the oppressor and the treacherous embrace of the endorsed [Black] spokesmen. Only with the gun were the black masses denied this victory. But they learned from Malcolm that with the gun, they can recapture their dreams and bring them into reality.

2013-01-05 00:00:00

Black Lives Matter

What is the BLM Movement and how does it connect to the Black Panther Party, an event in the past?

2020-01-01 00:00:00

Antiracist Healthcare

"Of all the forms of inequality, injustice in health is the most shocking and inhumane." - Dr. Martin Luther King Jr.

AntiRacist Timeline

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