LSBU Women In Engineering 100

1918-09-01 01:57:40

Representation of the People Act 1918

The Representation of the People Act of 1918 granted the vote to women over the age of 30 who met a property qualification. The same Act gave the vote to all men over the age of 21.

1920-09-01 01:57:40

Ida Bould - 1st woman studying an Engineering subject at LSBU

in 1920 the Borough Polytechnic suggested that women might be interested in studying subjects outside the Women's Department. One of those subjects was Engineering Drawing, although only one woman took the class - Ida Bould. She was the first woman to study in the Engineering Department and had the highest average mark of her class of 70.

1921-01-01 06:35:10

First female in Institute of Automobile Engineers

Dorothee Pullinger elected the first female member of the Institution of Automobile Engineers. Pullinger was a director and manager of Galloway Motors Ltd which produced a car designed for women. Her apprenticeship scheme for women was two years shorter than men as she believed women learnt faster

1923-01-01 06:35:10

First conference of the Women's Engineering Society

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1923-09-01 09:21:47

First Women to Study Electrical Engineering at the Borough Polytechnic

Electrical Engineering was not one of the subjects that women were encouraged to study, but in 1923-24 Cornelia Schenk and Annie Reynolds both took this class. Both women studied Physics as well and Annie also took a class in Magnetism & Electricity. For the next few years, Electrical Engineering subjects were more popular than Mechanical Engineering at the Polytechnic.

1924-01-01 00:00:00

Electrical Association for Women (EAW) Established

Mabel Matthews was the first president

1928-07-02 03:06:47

Equal Franchise Act 1928

1928 Equal Franchise Act gives women vote on equal terms with men (aged 21)

1930-01-01 00:00:00

UK Technical Colleges Offer Training for Women Engineers

14 technical colleges in UK offered training courses for women engineers (WES 1930).

1930-09-01 00:00:00

Borough Polytechnic offers "Engineering for Women"

Quote from Prospectus: Simplified Engineering Course for Women: Syllabus 14w Course specifically arranged in conjunction with the Women’s Engineering Society “for women who desire to become qualified as candidates for Inspectorships of Factories, Welfare Supervisors, Administrative and Managerial Assistants in Industry, and Secretaries to Engineers, Forewomen, Tracers etc”

1930-09-02 00:00:00

Borough Polytechnic Electrical Engineering Dept started offering “Electricity in the Home”

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1932-01-01 00:00:00

Caroline Haslett - 1st woman elected for Electrical Engineers

First woman to be elected a Companion of the Institution of Electrical Engineers (IEE)

1933-01-01 00:00:00

Amy Johnson becomes President of the WES

Johnson is most famous as a pilot but she was also a qualified engineer and was active in encouraging women to seek out work in engineering related industries

1934-01-01 00:00:00

Jeanie Dicks Secures Contract for the First Electrification of Winchester Cathedral

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1935-06-01 09:21:47

Elsie Hansford and Kathleen Haddock win Engineering Workshop class prizes

Elsie Hansford took an Engineering Workshop class at the Borough Polytechnic in 1935-35, winning the class prize. The 1939 register lists her as a draughtsman and a designer of a small electrical switchboard, and she later worked for the Institute of Electrical Engineers. According to her records in the Women's Engineering Society, she was an AMIEE and a Bsc (Eng), and she later published this article: https://doi.og/10.1049/ep.1964.0040 In the same class, also winning a prize, was Kathleen Haddock, who in 1957 was awarded an MBE for her work in the inspectorate of factories.

1938-09-01 10:24:05

Dorothea Selfridge takes the Engineering Drawing course

Listed in the exam registers as Princess D Wiasemsky/Dorothea Rosalie Wiasemsky, she also won one of the class prizes.

1939-09-01 23:18:15

Borough Polytechnic's condensed war-time timetable includes "Lady Tracers" course

1944-01-01 00:00:00

Education Act 1944

Free and compulsory education for all up to age 14

1944-08-01 00:00:00

Marriage Bar for Teachers Abolished

By the amendment of the Education Act

1944-12-01 00:00:00

Royal Commission on Equal Pay Set Up

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1946-01-01 00:00:00

Marriage Bar Abolised in the Civil Service

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1947-01-01 00:00:00

School Leaving Age Raised to 15

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1947-01-01 00:00:00

Caroline Haslett - 1st Female Member of the British Electricity Authority

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1948-01-01 00:00:00

Women Admitted to Degrees at Cambridge University

All medical schools opened to women, but quota system (around 20%) continues to operate

1948-01-01 00:00:00

First Woman Maths Lecturer at Borough Polytechnics

In 1958 the Borough Polytechnic appointed Eileen Nora Bullerwell as a Maths lecturer to start September 1948. In 1965 she was appointed as Senior Lecturer in Statistics. Eileen Bullerwell was born Eileen Field in 1922 and died in 2018. She studied Maths and Physics at Kings College, Newcastle. Some more information about her can be found in this article about her husband, Dr William Bullerwell FRS:

1949-01-01 00:00:00

First Woman Chemistry Lecturer at Borough Polytechnic

Elizabeth Joan Lee was the first female Science lecturer at the Borough Polytechnic. She taught Chemistry from 1949 to 1953. Miss Lee had a BSc (hons) and MSc in Chemistry from the University of Liverpool, as well as a Diploma in Education.

1950-01-01 00:00:00

Caroline Haslett Elected President of the International Federation of Business and Professional Women

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1950-09-01 02:56:22

Women's Department at the Borough Polytechnic ceases to exist

Courses which were originally in the Women's Department were mostly transferred to the new department of "Catering, Nursing and Needlecrafts". Engineering no longer advertised courses specifically for women, although many women continue to do the courses - especially in Electrical Engineering.

1952-01-01 00:00:00

Equal Pay for Women and Men who Taught in London

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1954-01-01 00:00:00

Equal Pay for Women and Men in Teaching, Civil Services and Local Government Introduced by Increments

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1957-01-01 00:00:00

British Women Pilots Association Established 1957

Established by the Aeronautical section of WES

1958-01-01 00:00:00

Women Granted Membership of the House of Lords

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1962-01-01 00:00:00

Contraceptive Pill Introduced

1963-01-01 00:00:00

First Woman Engineering Lecturer at the Borough Polytechnic

Carol Maddex was appointed and started 1 January 1964. She was a former Engineering student at the Polytechnic and was the first woman to teach Engineering at the Polytechnic (now LSBU).

1964-01-01 00:00:00

Dorothy Hodgkins Wins Nobel Prize for Chemistry

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1965-01-01 00:00:00

Change of Education Policy Promotes Rise of Comprehensive Schools

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1969-01-01 00:00:00

Voting Age Lowered from 21 to 18

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1969-01-01 00:00:00

Women in Engineering Year

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1970-01-01 00:00:00

Polytechnic of the South Bank formed

Borough Polytechnic amalgamates with Brixton School of Building, City of Westminster College and the National College of Heating, Ventilating, Refrigeration and Fan Engineering to form the Polytechnic of the South Bank

1970-01-01 00:00:00

Equal Pay Act Outlaws Discrimination in Pay Between Men and Women to be Implemented on a Voluntary Basis until 1975

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1970-12-01 00:00:00

1st National Women’s Liberation Conference at Ruskin College, Oxford

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1971-06-17 12:25:44

The first women to do the British Computer Society exams at South Bank Polytechnic

In academic year 1970-71, South Bank Polytechnic offered for the first time both an HND in Computer Studies and the British Computer Society exams, which were both taken by a number of women.

1972-01-01 00:00:00

School Leaving Age Raised to 16

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1974-01-01 00:00:00

Free Contraception Available on the NHS

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1975-01-01 00:00:00

Equal Pay Act comes into force

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1975-06-01 00:00:00

Sexual Discrimination Act establishes Equal Opportunies Commission

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1975-12-01 00:00:00

Employment Protection Act establishes Maternatiy Rights for Women

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1976-01-01 00:00:00

Dr Agnes Kaposi Appointed as Head of Department in Electronics and Electrical Engineering

Appointed by Polytechnic of the South Bank

1978-01-01 00:00:00

Legislation to Protect Women Against Dismissal due to Pregnacy

Legislation protects female workers against dismissal because of pregnancy and establishes right to maternity leave and maternity pay for 6 weeks at 90% of normal pay

1979-01-01 00:00:00

Margaret Thatcher becomes First Female Prime Minister

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1983-01-01 00:00:00

Equal Pay (Amendment) Regulations Stipulates Equal Pay for Work of Equal Value

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LSBU Women In Engineering 100

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