Period 1

The first period of AP US History (Period 1: 1491 – 1607) sets the stage for 13 British colonies in America. This period accounts for only 5% of the APUSH exam and does not include a vast amount of information. There are three mains themes in Period 1: The first is indigenous populations, how they came from North America and the fact that three large indigenous empires existed prior to European contact. The second theme is the dominance of Spanish exploration; Britain was not the premier world power in the 14th and 15th century and Spain controlled much of the early New World exploration and colonization. And the third theme is the foundation of British colonizing. The defeat of the Spanish Armada in 1588 established Britain as the premier naval power and allowed them to pursue their colonization interest, which began to form in the 17th century.

1100-01-01 00:00:00

Bering Strait

The narrow waterway connecting the Pacific Ocean to the Arctic Ocean. This is the site of the theorized crossing of humans from Asia to North America.

1150-01-01 00:00:00


A pre-Columbian empire in modern-day Mexico and Central America extending from 750 BCE to 900 AD

1200-07-01 00:00:00

Southwest US American Indian Tribes

There are six primary Southwestern tribes: the Apache, Navajo, Yuma, Pima, Hopi, and Zuni.

1201-07-01 00:00:00

Pueblo people

A combination of various tribes so-named by the Spanish because of their multi-level adobe homes that the Spanish called pueblos.

1202-01-01 00:00:00

Mid-west US American Indian Tribes

The Midwest of the United States was populated by a large number of different tribes at the time of European contact.

1203-01-01 00:00:00


A large urban settlement central to the Mississippian culture.

1204-01-01 09:14:21

Northwest US American Indian Tribes

The American Indians of the Northwest were organized into houses, rather than tribes, loosely organized by common language and familial relations.

1204-07-01 00:00:00


The language of groups of American Indians in the Pacific Northwest.

1205-01-01 00:00:00

Northeast US American Indian Tribes

The American Indians of the Northeast lived in an area of varied ecosystems which led to a greater variety of practice.

1400-01-01 00:00:00


The largest political organization in pre-contact North America.

Period 1

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