Evolution of eCulture

Events charting progress of social transformation to a digitally orientated way of life

eCulture - "a term used to categorise the social evolution and transformation course society if pursuing, to a digitally orientated way of life"

1936-03-01 11:02:09

Videophones First Trialled

First call was made over a distance of 120 miles between Berlin and Leipzig. The Minister of Mail in Nazi Germany made the first call to the Mayor of Leipzig in the local post office. Nazi minister Paul Von Eltz-Rubernach made the call from a Post office in Berlin. The news of this amazing invention spread like wild fire and soon pictures started emerging in papers and magazines. Nazis promptly used the hype in their own interest, using this in their propaganda videos and pictures.

1942-03-30 10:51:18

Asimov - Creates The "Three Laws of Robotics"

American science fiction author Isaac Asimov publishes a short story, "Runaround," that introduces the "Three Laws of Robotics"--rules that every robot is programmed to obey: 1. A robot may not harm a human being, or, through inaction, allow a human being to come to harm. 2. A robot must obey the orders given to it by human beings except where such orders would conflict with the First Law. 3. A robot must protect its own existence, as long as such protection does not conflict with the First or Second Law.

1943-12-01 00:00:00

Colossus - Worlds First Programmable Computer

Colossus was the world's first electronic digital computer that was programmable. The Colossus computers were developed for British codebreakers during World War II to help in the cryptanalysis of the Lorenz cipher.

1954-12-10 19:53:14

First Programmable Robot

Industrial robotics pioneer George Devol files a patent (pictured) for the first programmable robot and coins the term "universal automaton."

1961-05-22 20:07:43

World's First Industrial Robot

Revolutionizing manufacturing the world over, the Unimate was the very first industrial robot. Conceived from a design for a mechanical arm patented in 1954 (granted in 1961) by American inventor George Devol, the Unimate was developed as a result of the foresight and business acumen of Joseph Engelberger - the Father of Robotics.

1966-07-30 04:46:37

Worlds First General-Purpose Mobile Robot

Shakey the Robot was the first general-purpose mobile robot to be able to reason about its own actions. While other robots would have to be instructed on each individual step of completing a larger task, Shakey could analyze commands and break them down into basic chunks by itself. Due to its nature, the project combined research in robotics, computer vision, and natural language processing. Because of this, it was the first project that melded logical reasoning and physical action. Shakey was developed at the Artificial Intelligence Center of Stanford Research Institute (now called SRI International).

1971-06-19 16:48:44

First Ever eMail is sent

Raymond Samuel Tomlinson (April 23, 1941 – March 5, 2016) was a pioneering, American computer programmer who implemented the first email program on the ARPANET system, the precursor to the Internet, in 1971; he is internationally known and credited as the inventor of email. It was the first system able to send mail between users on different hosts connected to ARPANET. Previously, mail could be sent only to others who used the same computer. To achieve this, he used the @ sign to separate the user name from the name of their machine, a scheme which has been used in email addresses ever since.[9] The Internet Hall of Fame in its account of his work commented "Tomlinson's email program brought about a complete revolution, fundamentally changing the way people communicate". By Andreu Veà, WiWiW.org - Andreu Veà, WiWiW.org, CC BY-SA 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=47360772

1972-04-04 11:02:09

Worlds First Digital Watch Launched.

The first digital electronic watch, a Pulsar LED prototype in 1970, was developed jointly by Hamilton Watch Company and Electro-Data, founded by George H. Thiess. John Bergey, the head of Hamilton's Pulsar division, said that he was inspired to make a digital timepiece by the then-futuristic digital clock that Hamilton themselves made for the 1968 science fiction film 2001: A Space Odyssey. On April 4, 1972, the Pulsar was finally ready, made in 18-carat gold and sold for $2,100. It had a red light-emitting diode (LED) display.

1972-06-24 00:00:00

The Smart Meter Is Invented

Theodore George “Ted” Paraskevakos, while working with Boeing in Huntsville, Alabama, developed a sensor monitoring system which used digital transmission for security, fire and medical alarm systems as well as meter reading capabilities for all utilities.

1973-04-02 22:34:25

First Mobile Phone Call

Martin "Marty" Cooper (born December 26, 1928) is an American engineer. He is a pioneer in the wireless communications industry, especially in radio spectrum management, with eleven patents in the field. While at Motorola in the 1970s, Cooper invented the first handheld cellular mobile phone (distinct from the car phone) in 1973 and led the team that developed it and brought it to market in 1983. He is considered the "father of the (handheld) cell phone" and is also cited as the first person in history to make a handheld cellular phone call in public.

Evolution of eCulture

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