Rosenwald Schools & Fellowships

This timeline presents the events preceding the creation of the Rosenwald Schools & Fellowships, and leading up to the success of Brown v. BOE.

1856-05-04 00:00:00

Birth of Booker T. Washington

"Booker T. Washington was born into slavery in Virginia in 1856" - Thomsen, Digital Commonwealth

1861-04-12 00:00:00

Civil War Begins

"On April 12, 1861, the first salvos of the American Civil War were fired with the bombardment of the U.S. garrison at Fort Sumter, located in Charleston Harbor, South Carolina." - Library of Congress

1862-08-12 00:00:00

Birth of Julius Rosenwald

"The Rosenwald family arrived in Springfield, IL, early in the summer of 1861. It was there on August 12 of the following year that Julius was born in a house one block from the home of Abraham Lincoln." - Ascoli, Julius Rosenwald, 2.

1863-01-01 00:00:00

Emancipation Proclamation

"...on the twenty-second day of September, in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and sixty-two, a proclamation was issued by the President of the United States, containing, among other things, the following, to wit: That on the first day of January, in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and sixty-three, all persons held as slaves within any State or designated part of a State, the people whereof shall then be in rebellion against the United States, shall be then, thenceforward, and forever free; and the Executive Government of the United States, including the military and naval authority thereof, will recognize and maintain the freedom of such persons, and will do no act or acts to repress such persons, or any of them, in any efforts they may make for their actual freedom."

1865-04-09 00:00:00

End of the Civil War

"This schematic map records the historic moment when General Lee and his Confederate forces surrendered to General Grant at Appomattox Court House in central Virginia on April 9, 1865." - Library of Congress

1865-12-06 00:00:00

13th Amendment Ratified

“Neither slavery nor involuntary servitude, except as a punishment for crime whereof the party shall have been duly convicted, shall exist within the United States, or any place subject to their jurisdiction.”

1865-12-24 00:00:00

KKK Established

"In Pulaski, Tennessee, a group of Confederate veterans convenes to form a secret society that they christen the “Ku Klux Klan.” The KKK rapidly grew from a secret social fraternity to a paramilitary force bent on reversing the federal government’s progressive Reconstruction Era-activities in the South, especially policies that elevated the rights of the local African American population." -

1868-07-09 00:00:00

14th Amendment Ratified

"All persons born or naturalized in the United States, and subject to the jurisdiction thereof, are citizens of the United States and of the state wherein they reside. No state shall make or enforce any law which shall abridge the privileges or immunities of citizens of the United States; nor shall any state deprive any person of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law; nor deny to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws."

1870-03-02 00:00:00

15th Amendment Ratified

"The right of citizens of the United States to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any State on account of race, color, or previous condition of servitude."

1875-06-01 00:00:00

Washington Graduates from Hampton

"It was June of 1875 when I finished the regular course of study at Hampton." - Washington, Up From Slavery, 54

Rosenwald Schools & Fellowships

Copy this timeline Login to copy this timeline 3d Game mode