History of Health in Saskatchewan: An Interactive Timeline

This research explores historical events that have played a role in impacting Saskatchewan residents’ health, healthcare, and standards of social and economic living over the past century. This study, a Baseline Analysis of Past Health Inequities, is part of a larger SPHERU project, The Origins and Import of Health Inequities in Saskatchewan, 1905-1985, that is focused on reducing current health inequities by addressing their historical underlying origins, with a specific focus on inequities experienced by vulnerable, minority and isolated populations. The basis of this timeline is to paint a comprehensive picture of the history of health and health-related events that have occurred in Saskatchewan. Including a wide spread umbrella of entries that have affected the health of Saskatchewan residents, this timeline features social determinants, formal legislation, technological interventions and medical breakthroughs, widespread epidemics and changing healthcare practices. Dates and descriptions of events are chronologically ordered to create a story that begins with Saskatchewan’s entry into Confederation in 1905 and spans eighty years to 1985.

This timeline serves as a tool for knowledge translation. The easily scrollable events are practical for use by students, educators and fellow researchers. Additionally, some events provide links to secondary websites that offer a more in-depth discussion of the event. As we are continuously working to improve our tools for knowledge translation, we welcome your feedback and will respond to any questions, concerns or comments via email at spheru.timeline@uregina.ca.;xNLx;

THE RESPIRATORY THERAPISTS ACT

This legislation provides the guidelines by which the respiratory therapist profession is permitted to self-regulate. To view the most recent version of the act, click "Find out more".

THE PUBLIC HEALTH ACT

The purpose of this legislation is to provide the authority for the creation of public health standards. To view the most recent version of the act, click "Find out more".

CONSTITUTION ACT, 1867

Formerly the British North America Act, the enactment of the Constitution Act, 1867 on March 29th established Canada as an independent nation. The Act outlines the division of powers between the Federal and Provincial governments. Under the Constitution, Provincial governments are allotted the authority over “The Establishment, Maintenance, and Management of Hospitals, Asylums, Charities, and Eleemosynary Institutions in and for the Province, other than Marine Hospitals”, while the Federal government retains power in the areas of quarantine and the establishment/maintenance of marine hospitals. To view the most recent consolidation of the Act, click "Find out more".

INFANT MORTALITY RATES: 1921 - 1985

Advances in modern medicine and improvements in sanitation and procedures lead to a continuously declining infant mortality rate. Saskatchewan’s Registered Indian population experience significantly higher rates of infant mortality until 1985, when it declines to rates of approximately three times that of mainstream Canada and Saskatchewan rates, still suggesting significant inequalities in health care services.

THE REGISTERED NURSES ACT

This legislation provides the guidelines by which the registered nurse profession is permitted to self-regulate. To view the most recent version of the act, click "Find out more".

THE CANCER FOUNDATION ACT

The purpose of this legislation is to establish the Saskatchewan Cancer Foundation and to outline the means by which it is funded. To view the most recent version of this act, click "Find out more".

THE CANCER AGENCY ACT

The purpose of this legislation is to amend the Cancer Agency Act so that it falls under the Regional Health Services Act. To view the most recent version of this act, click "Find out more".

THE REGIONAL HEALTH SERVICES ACT

The purpose of this legislation is to establish regional health authorities (RHAs). To view the most recent version of this legislation, click "Find out more".

THE MENTAL HEALTH SERVICES ACT

This purpose of this piece of legislation is to regulate mental health services in Saskatchewan. To view the most recent version of the legislation, click on "Find out more".

FIRST ACADEMIC PHARMACY PROGRAM IN SASKATCHEWAN

The University of Saskatchewan’s Faculty of Arts and Science creates the provinces first academic pharmacy program. 22 students are initially enrolled under the auspices of Dean Alexander Campbell. Initially a one year program but expands to two years in 1924 and then four years to compete with other academic institutions.

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