House Types

An informative timeline from the Early Georgian period to Today, observing the types of housing within the UK. This timeline looks at room sizes, space standards, materials and construction in house building and the scale of living spaces between the different classes of society.

1740-01-01 10:46:25

Most new houses are built in some form of masonry.

1740-01-01 10:46:25

Early Georgian Homes

Mid-terrace houses vary considerably in size and range of room types from small to medium to large, within the Georgian period.

1760-01-01 10:46:25

Style

Views and the appearance of the house grow in importance.

1760-01-01 10:46:25

Style and Proportion

Better quality houses follow strict rules of proportion.

1760-01-01 10:46:25

External walls of houses are built in brick or stone, often local materials.

1763-01-01 10:46:25

The golden age of Georgian architecture

Terraced houses were a success...

1810-05-04 21:36:26

Poverty

Poorer classes live in squalid housing

1820-01-01 10:46:25

House configuration and style

The importance of views is highlighted through the design of bay windows.

1837-01-01 10:46:25

Key Features

The key features of the house are bay windows, porticos and balconies.

1837-01-01 10:46:25

Mid-Victorian house plans

The small Mid-Victorian house is much more basic than the larger sized houses with one room functioning as both living room and kitchen still.

1837-05-04 21:36:26

Ceiling heights of 2.75m.

1838-01-01 10:46:25

Houses are built with local bricks fashionable decorative detail ordered from building merchants and catalogues.

1838-05-04 21:36:26

House Styles

Three main house styles emerge

1850-05-04 21:36:26

Abolition of window tax

Increase in large bay windows.

1875-05-04 21:36:26

Typical Houses

Most houses have solid brickwork walls. A typical ‘by-law’ house would have three bedrooms, a cold water supply and a WC.

1879-01-01 10:46:25

Late-Victorian House plans

The Late-Victorian house is much larger than the medium sized houses with double the number of floors, smaller homes have much less depth and are on smaller plots.

1900-05-04 21:36:26

Some houses still have no foundations.

1900-05-04 21:36:26

Style

A trend for sash windows and traditional ‘cut’ purlin roofs.

1900-05-04 21:36:26

Houses are built with solid brick walls. Damp proof course is becoming common.

1901-03-31 17:43:24

Edwardian House Plans

The Edwardian house has a distinctive design with attic space. Bay windows are common.

1918-05-04 21:36:26

Terraced houses become fashionable again.

1920-05-04 21:36:26

Most external walls built in cavity construction. This offered benefits in terms of thermal insulation and damp resistance.

1930-03-31 17:43:24

1930 House plan

The differences between large, medium and small houses are beginning to reduce in the 1930s.

1930-05-04 21:36:26

A Typical House

Most houses are built using 250mm cavity wall construction with brickwork in both leaves.

1930-05-04 21:36:26

Construction

Typically concrete strip foundations. Piled foundations sometimes used but very rare outside main cities.

1930-05-04 21:36:26

Style and Materials

Timber hinged casement windows are typical, though some windows are now made from steel. ‘Cut’ purlin roofs, now with hipped ends, are common.

1939-05-04 21:36:26

House Size

Three Bedroom House = 74m2

1944-05-04 21:36:26

Ceiling heights of 2.4m

1949-01-01 10:46:25

Housing Policy Space Standards

These standards suggest 72m2 for 4 persons, 85.9m2 for 5 persons and 93.4m2 for 6 persons and are the first space standards within housing.

1950-03-31 17:43:24

1950 House Plans

the 1950s home has less room types for domestic social occasions, with the dining room becoming less common and the continued reduction in the number of bedrooms.

1950-05-04 21:36:26

Galvanised metal windows very common.

1950-12-13 06:41:44

Foundations

Concrete strip foundations. Some system-built houses have raft foundations or short bored piles.

1952-12-13 06:41:44

Ceiling heights of 2.3m

1955-12-13 06:41:44

From the mid-1950s, most houses are built in 250mm cavity construction.

1959-12-13 06:41:44

House size

Three bedroom house = 83m2

1960-12-13 06:41:44

Styles

Timber casement windows and centre pivot windows popular.

1961-01-01 10:46:25

Parker Morris Space Standards

These standards increase the space within the home. Suggesting a 79m2 home for 4 persons, a 89.5m2 home for 5 persons and 97m2 for 6 persons dwelling together. These remain the most generous housing space standards to date.

1965-05-10 16:49:45

Roofing

Most roofs have trussed rafters.

1970-11-26 11:04:43

1970 House plans

Garages are incorporated into the larger home in the 1970s and there is less difference between house sizes.

1980-05-10 16:49:45

House Styles

Volume housebuilders build majority of new houses. Many are built in mock Elizabethan, Georgian and Victorian. Nearly all have external brick cavity walls, lightweight block internally and contain additional insulation.

1980-05-10 16:49:45

PVC windows become available

These are single or double glazed.

1980-05-10 16:49:45

Cavity wall construction

Cavity wall construction is virtually universal Brick, stone or artificial stone is used; however, it is still unusual to find cavity wall insulation.

1985-05-10 16:49:45

Housing Act

Housing Act (national regulated room sizes)

1989-05-10 16:49:45

Space and Design Standards Survey

NFHA, 1990 Mean floor areas for new build homes:

1990-01-01 10:46:25

Housing Space Standards

Space standards in the home are now reduced despite increased materialism within society with home owners owning more 'stuff' than ever before and the recognised need for storage. 4 persons homes are now suggested to be 71.3m2, 5 persons are 77.5m2 and 6 persons are 93m2.

1990-05-10 16:49:45

Conventional street lined with terraced houses returns.

2000-05-10 16:49:45

Most wall cavities include insulation: usually fibreglass batts or insulation board.

2000-06-28 19:30:01

21st Century House Plans

The latest houses are now plainer with more bathrooms and WCs than ever before. Detached houses remain desirable in current British society.

House Types

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