CIP-ICU Centenary Visual Timeline

Since 2019 marks the 100th anniversary of the Canadian Institute of Planners (CIP), the Centenary Committee has initiated a number of projects, including the creation of a bilingual online visual timeline of key people, places, plans, and policies in Canadian planning history.

Comme 2019 marquera le 100e anniversaire de l’Institut canadien des urbanistes, le Comité du centenaire a mis de l’avant un certain nombre de projets, dont la production d’une chronologie illustrée des personnes, des lieux, des plans et des politiques qui ont marqué l’histoire de l’urbanisme au Canada.

1620-07-01 00:00:00

Huron Wendat Settlements / Peuplements Hurons-Wendat

During the pre-Contact period between 1550 and 1650, the Wendat (Huron) Confederacy, comprising four First Nations, planned and developed approximately 30 villages between Lake Simcoe and the Georgian Bay Peninsula. Based around extensive agricultural subsistence and trading economies, the Huron Wendat settlement patterns demonstrate the organizational complexity of pre-Contact First Nations community planning.

1665-06-01 00:00:00

Jean Talon

Jean Talon fut intendant de la Nouvelle-France entre 1665 et 1672. C’est dans ce rôle qu’il contribua à bâtir la nation que le Canada allait devenir, notamment en encourageant l’établissement permanent, en créant le mode de lotissement radial distinctement canadien et en introduisant le tout premier recensement, dont il se servait pour éclairer ses décisions en tant qu’un des premiers urbanistes du Canada.

1771-07-01 00:00:00

Charlottetown Plan / Plan de Charlottetown

The first British colonial towns in Canada featured a regular gridiron of blocks divided into individual building lots for settlers. The small blocks in Charlottetown's original waterfront grid have retained their historic ambience and charm. In this early map, note the central square and four neighbourhood squares. The original town site was surrounded by common land, which provided room for future expansion and defense works.

1891-07-01 00:00:00

Ottawa's First Electric Streetcar

Ottawa's frst streetcars ran on June 29, 1891 from the the Ottawa Electric Railway Company's new car barn on Albert Street. Ottawa was a leader in developing this technology (ahead of Toronto and Montreal). At its peak in 1929, the Ottawa Electric Railway carried more than 30 million riders on 90.5 kilometres of track. The company employed 334 motormen and conductors. The last full day of streetcar service in Ottawa was April 30, 1959.

1909-06-01 00:00:00

Plan of Chicago / Plan de la ville de Chicago

The 1909 Plan of Chicago was a foundational document for the City Beautiful movement across Canada and the USA. Daniel Burnham and Edward Bennett created the Plan with a concern over city appearance, and a goal of improving living conditions in both urban and suburban areas of Chicago.

1914-06-01 00:00:00

Thomas Adams

Born in Edinburgh, Scotland, Thomas Adams was involved in the British Garden City movement and was founding President of the Royal Town Planning Institute. He came to Canada in 1914 to serve the Commission on Conservation. Adams founded the Town Planning Institute of Canada in 1919, which primarily promoted the new discipline of planning.

1915-06-01 00:00:00

Ottawa Hull Plan / Plan général pour les villes d’Ottawa et de Hull

In 1915, Edward H. Bennett authored one of the first comprehensive plans in Canada for the cities of Ottawa and Hull. Despite its ambitious, yet practical aesthetic and technical proposals, little of the plan was ever implemented. However, the plan did have some influence, notably on Gréber's plan of 1950.

1917-07-01 00:00:00

Hydrostone, Halifax

From the ashes of the catastrophic Halifax Explosion, which shattered the City's North End on 6 December 1917, rose the Hydrostone District, a splendid example of an English-style garden suburb. The neighbourhood is an important achievement by the influential town planner Thomas Adams; it is also Canada's first government-assisted housing project.

1919-07-01 00:00:00

Town Planning Institute of Canada / Institut d’urbanisme du Canada

The Town Planning Institute of Canada (TPIC), which was modeled after the British Town Planning Institute, was founded by Thomas Adams in 1919 to primarily promote and professionalize the new discipline of planning. The TPIC was eventually renamed as the Canadian Institute of Planners (CIP) in 1974.

1928-06-01 00:00:00

Vancouver Plan / Plan de la ville de Vancouver

Harland Bartholomew and Associates (St. Louis) were hired by the newly established Vancouver Town Planning Commission. Their publication, A Plan for the City of Vancouver, British Columbia, was the first comprehensive plan ever created for Vancouver. It detailed key elements of the city’s layout and envisioned extensive growth for the future. Although never fully implemented, the plan was updated in the 1950s and the City has applied many of Bartholomew's planning ideas over the past 90 years.

1946-07-01 00:00:00

Ontario Planning Act / Loi sur l’aménagement du territoire de l’Ontario

Enacted in 1946 by the Province of Ontario, the Planning Act gave municipalities the power to develop official plans and zoning bylaws to regulate land use planning. It also allowed the establishment of local planning boards and committees.

1946-07-01 00:00:00

Community Planning Association of Canada / Association canadienne d’urbanisme

The Community Planning Association of Canada was formed in 1946 following a community planning conference convened by Central (now Canada) Mortgage and Housing Corporation (CMHC). The Association aimed to promote public education and citizen involvement in planning to Canadians.

1947-07-01 00:00:00

First Canadian Planning Program / Premier programme d’urbanisme au Canada

In 1947, McGill University established the first full-time urban planning program in Canada. Harold Spence-Sales was the founding professor. The School of Urban Planning was later created within the Faculty of Engineering in 1972.

1948-07-01 00:00:00

Regent Park North / Parc Regent Nord, Toronto

Regent Park North was the first phase of Canada's oldest and largest social housing project. Based on Modernist urban renewal principles to replace the original Cabbagetown neighbourhood, it was designed as a predominantly self-contained neighbourhood with the elimination of through-traffic.

1950-06-01 00:00:00

Gréber’s Plan for the National Capital / Plan de Jacques Gréber pour la capitale nationale

Prime Minister Mackenzie King commissioned Jacques Gréber to create the Plan for The National Capital, which was presented on December 5, 1950. The comprehensive plan includes influences from the City Beautiful, City Scientific, Garden City, and Parks movements (Gordon, 2001).

1952-07-01 00:00:00

Peter Oberlander O.C.

Peter Oberlander launched the School of Community and Regional Planning at the University of British Columbia in 1952. He also initiated Canada’s Ministry of State for Urban Affairs as its inaugural Secretary (Deputy Minister). Oberlander’s engagement with the United Nations spanned more than 30 years, including Habitat l – 1976, Habitat ll – 1996, and the World Urban Forum 3 - 2006.

1952-07-01 00:00:00

Don Mills, Toronto

Proposed by industrialist E.P. Taylor and designed by Macklin Hancock, Don Mills became the first complete community in Canada to be planned and funded by the private sector. The project covered an area of 834 hectares and was influenced by Modernist suburban design principles. Don Mills is a classic example of Clarence Perry’s neighbourhood unit and was a precedent for many post-war Canadian suburbs.

1955-07-01 00:00:00

Hans Blumenfeld, CM

Hans Blumenfeld came to Canada in 1955 as assistant director of the Metropolitan Toronto Planning Board where he was instrumental in shaping Toronto and its hinterland through the 1959 Official Plan for land use, housing, and transportation. Hans became a professor at the University of Toronto, and at the University of Montreal. Professor Blumenfeld was a leading figure in 20th century urban and regional planning.

1958-06-01 00:00:00

Halifax Africville

Africville was a long-established and poorly-serviced black neighbourhood in Halifax. Following Gordon Stephenson’s 1958 A Redevelopment Study of Halifax, Nova Scotia, the residents were dispersed and their homes demolished, in one of the worst Canadian examples of "urban renewal".

1958-07-01 00:00:00

Planning Institute of BC

As the professional association of planners in British Columbia and the Yukon, the Planning Institute of British Columbia (PIBC) was incorporated in 1958 with eight founding members. Today, there are almost 1,600 members.

1960-07-01 00:00:00

Alberta Professional Planners Institute

Representing the planning profession in Alberta, the Northwest Territories, and Nunavut, the Alberta Professional Planners Institute (APPI) was founded in 1960 as the Alberta Association of the Town Planning Institute of Canada (AATPIC). Incorporated under the provincial Societies Act in 1963, AATPIC was later renamed as the Alberta Association, Canadian Institute of Planners (AACIP) in 1976, and then as the Alberta Professional Planners Institute (APPI) in 2010.

1962-07-01 00:00:00

Blanche Lemco van Ginkel, CM

Membre de l’Ordre du Canada, Blanche Lemco van Ginkel reçut de nombreux prix et reconnaissances de caractère professionnel ou académique. Elle fut l’une des premières femmes membres de l’Institut d’urbanisme du Canada (IUC, aujourd’hui l’Institut canadien des urbanistes – ICU) et la première femme à y être élue conseillère en 1962. Blanche est membre fondatrice de l’Ordre des urbanistes du Québec, qui a créé le Prix Blanche Lemco van Ginkel en son honneur.

1963-07-01 00:00:00

Saskatchewan Professional Planners Institute

Formerly known as the Association of Professional Community Planners of Saskatchewan, the Saskatchewan Professional Planners Institute (SPPI) was incorporated in 1963 following the enactment of the Community Planning Profession Act. The Institute currently has approximately 275 members.

1963-07-01 00:00:00

Ordre des urbanistes du Québec

Depuis sa fondation en 1963, l’Ordre des urbanistes du Québec (OUQ) est le gardien et le promoteur de la compétence professionnelle en aménagement du territoire et en urbanisme.

1965-06-01 00:00:00

Nathan Phillips Square, Toronto

Nathan Phillips Square opened to the public in 1965 following an international competition to create a modern civic centre for Toronto. Initiated as an urban renewal project and designed by architect Viljo Revell, the new city hall and square represent Modernist architecture and planning.

1967-07-01 00:00:00

Lin Good & CPAC / ACU

The Community Planning Association of Canada had female members on its National Council from 1947 to 1978. In 1967, the CPAC's female councillors included (left to right) Elsie Shepherd (B.C.), Barbara Lambert (Ottawa), and Lynn Elliott Good (Kingston). Lin Good would be the only woman elected President of CPAC, from 1976-77.

1967-07-01 00:00:00

Atlantic Planners Institute / Institut des urbanistes de l’Atlantique

The Atlantic Planners Institute (API) supports professional planners in four Provincial Associations in the Atlantic Provinces of Canada, including the New Brunswick Association of Planners, Newfoundland and Labrador Association of Professional Planners, Licensed Professional Planners of Nova Scotia, and Prince Edward Island Association of Planners.

1971-06-01 00:00:00

Spadina Expressway Cancelled / Abandon du projet de l’autoroute Spadina

In Toronto, two expressways were built between 1953 and 1964. When the Spadina Expressway was proposed, however, it was met with intense community opposition and the project was eventually cancelled in 1971. The "freeway revolt" extended to Vancouver and Ottawa, which also cancelled inner-city expressway networks in the 1970s.

1973-07-01 00:00:00

BC Agricultural Land Commission – C.-B.

Established in 1973 through BC's Land Commission Act, the Agricultural Land Reserve (ALR) is a provincial zone that protects arable land for farming and restricts non-agricultural uses. The ALR covers approximately 4.6 million hectares of agriculturally-suitable land.

1979-07-01 00:00:00

Anne Beaumont

Anne Beaumont had a stellar career as a civil servant where she was influential in improving Ontario’s planning and housing policies, her leadership in the planning profession both in Ontario and nationally, She was the first woman in the Commonwealth to be elected President, in 1979, of a national professional planners’ institute—providing strong leadership to CIP.

1985-06-01 00:00:00

Niagara Escarpment Plan / Plan de l’escarpement du Niagara

The Niagara Escarpment Plan (NEP) came into effect in 1985 and was Canada’s first large-scale environmental land use plan. It has been administered by the Niagara Escarpment Commission, an agency of the government of Ontario since 1973. The Niagara Escarpment is also a UNESCO World Biosphere Reserve. The Escarpment is a dolostone ridge that extends 725 kilometres from Niagara Falls to Tobermory, a biologically diverse habitat to many plants and animals, linked by the Niagara Escarpment Parks and Open Space System and the Bruce Trail. The NEP policies balance protection of the natural environment with allowing compatible development. The NEP received the 2004 CIP Vision in Planning Award.

1986-07-01 00:00:00

Ontario Professional Planners Institute / Institut des planificateurs professionnels de l’Ontario

Established in 1986, the Ontario Professional Planners Institute (OPPI) is the recognized voice of Ontario’s planning profession and provides vision and leadership on key planning issues. The Institute represents over 4,000 professional planners and 500 student members.

1988-06-01 00:00:00

Jeanne Wolfe, CM

Jeanne Wolfe was a major figure in promoting urban planning in Quebec. Director of McGill's School of Urban Planning 1988-99, she was inducted as a Member of the Order of Canada in 2009 for the contributions she made as a scholar and mentor in the field of urban planning. Wolfe was the recipient of the 2007 CIP President's Award.

1988-07-01 00:00:00

Manitoba Professional Planners Institute

As the Manitoba affiliate of the CIP, the Manitoba Professional Planners Institute (MPPI) was founded in 1988. It represents over 150 planning professionals and students across the province.

1991-06-01 00:00:00

Don River Revitalization Plan / Plan de revitalisation de la rivière Don

In 1989, a panel of environmental experts, alongside 500 concerned citizens, suggested ways to restore the degraded Don River. They initiated Toronto's Task Force to Bring Back the Don. In 1991, the Task Force published a comprehensive restoration plan entitled Bringing Back the Don, prepared by landscape architect Michael Hough. The Plan's proposal to re-naturalize the Don River mouth helped pave the way for Waterfront Toronto’s current Don Mouth Naturalization and Port Lands Flood Protection Project.

1991-07-01 00:00:00

Serge Filion

Serge Filion a été président de l’Ordre des Urbanistes du Québec pendant sept ans (1991-1998), où il s’est surtout impliqué par de nombreuses prises de position en faveur du développement durable et d’un plus grand respect de la ressource sol au Québec. Serge a pratiqué l’urbanisme à la Ville de Québec pendant 28 ans comme Directeur de la division de l’aménagement du territoire avant de faire le saut à la Commission de la capitale nationale du Québec.

1996-06-01 00:00:00

UniverCity, Burnaby BC / Colombie-Britannique

Located on Burnaby Mountain in British Columbia, UniverCity is integrated with Simon Fraser University and is a milestone in Canadian community planning. The neighbourhood illustrates the integration of planning ideas including Modernism, Post-Modernism, sustainability, and environmental planning. UniverCity received a CIP Award for Planning Excellence.

2006-06-01 00:00:00

Growth Plan for the Greater Golden Horseshoe / Plan de croissance de la région élargie du Golden Horseshoe

The Growth Plan for the Greater Golden Horseshoe implements the Ontario government’s vision to manage growth in the Toronto region by building resilient and thriving communities. The plan features both regional planning and Smart Growth planning ideas. Winner of the 2007 CIP National Planning Award for Reurbanization and the American Planning Association's Daniel Burnham Award for comprehensive planning.

2007-06-01 00:00:00

Centre City Plan, Calgary / Plan du centre urbain de la ville de Calgary

In 2007, the City of Calgary approved the Centre City Plan, which focused on the city’s downtown and surrounding neighbourhoods in order to transform the area into a model environment for urban life. The Plan received a 2008 CIP Award for Planning Excellence.

2008-07-01 00:00:00

Promenade Samuel-De Champlain, Québec

La première phase de la promenade Samuel-De Champlain propose différents espaces qui se succèdent le long d’une immense piste cyclable et d’un sentier piétonnier. La première préoccupation des concepteurs a été d’inhiber le système autoroutier qui traversait le terrain sur sa longueur; la deuxième a été d’essayer de rendre confortable cet immense espace. Inspiré des humeurs du Saint-Laurent et de ses paysages, mais aussi connecté à l’histoire du lieu, l’aménagement se veut à la fois poétique et résolument contemporain.

2011-07-01 00:00:00

The Forks / La Fourche, Winnipeg

Over the past 30 years, The Forks site, located at the junction of the Assiniboine and Red Rivers in Winnipeg, has been transformed into a vital urban centre and meeting place from an abandoned rail yard. It includes a mix of uses, and was the first winner of CIP's Great Places in Canada competition under the Public Spaces category in 2011.

2012-06-01 00:00:00

Plan Métropolitain d'Aménagement et de Dévelopement, Montréal

Le Plan métropolitain d’aménagement et de développement (PMAD) fut créé par le Conseil de la Communautée Métropolitaine de Montréal (CMM). Il s’agit du premier plan d’aménagement et de développement de la grande région de Montréal. Le Plan s’est vu décerner un Prix d’excellence en urbanisme de l’ICU.

CIP-ICU Centenary Visual Timeline

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