Period 4

Conflict between Britain and the United States both at sea and in the West led to war once again between the two nations. While the United States gained no land from the war, it proved crucial to the development of the young nation, earning it international respect and lighting a fire of nationalism in the people. The result: unprecedented economic and social vitality and the democratization of American politics. However, these changes also led to increasing divisions between the North and South as the two developed radically different economies: manufacturing driven by the Industrial Revolution in the North and plantations and cash crops driven by the cotton boom in the South. While a renewed sense of American exceptionalism brought the country together, regional interests became increasingly important resulting in significant conflicts over distribution of power, financial policy, and the role of the federal government. © Apprend, Inc

1775-01-01 07:53:30

Industrial Revolution begins

The transition from hand production to machine production in manufacturing.

1775-02-01 07:53:30

Steam Engine/James Watt

The first mass market steam engine.

1787-01-01 07:53:30

Utopian Societies

Model communities designed to create the perfect society.

1787-01-01 07:53:30

Federalist Party

The first American political party.

1789-09-15 07:53:30

Article 1, Section 8, Clause 8

Copyright clause of the Constitution.

1790-01-01 07:53:30

Lowell System

A production system used in the early New England textile industry.

1791-01-01 07:53:30


Political party formed in opposition to the Federalist Party.

1793-01-01 07:53:30

Samuel Slater

An American industrialist who established the United States’ textile industry.

1793-10-28 07:53:30

Eli Whitney

Inventor of the cotton gin and popularizer of interchangeable parts.

1794-03-14 07:53:30

Cotton Gin

A machine that separates the seeds of the cotton plant from the fiber.

Period 4

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