Period 2

British colonization of the New World began in two distinct locations with two distinct goals: wealth and religious autonomy. The first led settlers to Jamestown, the tobacco cash colony, and the second led settlers to Plymouth, the Puritan enclave. Although they differed in many ways, these two colonies would set a culture of hard work, egalitarianism and social mobility that fueled the growth of the British North American empire. The success of the colonies was, in large part, the result of their autonomy in  both governance and economy. When that autonomy was challenged after the French and Indian War of 1754, it became clear that the colonies had developed a unique ideology and philosophy no longer compatible with their mother country. Tags: Jamestown, Colonial Leader, New England

1600-01-01 03:49:59


Mercantilism was the economic system employed by Britain and much of Europe.

1603-01-01 10:20:33

Samuel de Champlain

French navigator and explorer who founded New France.

1606-04-10 03:49:59

Corporate Colony

A corporate colony, or charter colony, was a colony in which a group of people was granted a charter by the crown.

1606-04-10 03:49:59

Virginia Company

The Virginia Company was a joint-stock company formed to organize a colonial settlement on the coast of North America.

1607-01-01 10:20:33

Henry Hudson

First English explorer to try to find the Northwest Passage.

1607-04-26 09:56:18


The first surviving British colony in the New World.

1607-09-01 09:56:18

Indentured Servant

Servants who worked for a set period of time in exchange for land and supplies.

1608-09-01 16:49:27

Captain John Smith

One of the first leaders of the Jamestown colony.

1610-05-01 13:29:28

John Rolfe

Settler who introduced tobacco to the Virginia colony.

1612-01-01 03:49:59

Chesapeake Bay

The Chesapeake Bay was the site of the first British colony, Jamestown, and eventually became home to a second colony, Maryland.

Period 2

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