Timeline of Indigenous History

Welcome to the Aurora Museum & Archives' Timeline of Indigenous History.

The Anishinaabe lands on which the Town of Aurora is located are the traditional and Treaty #20 territories of the Chippewas of Georgina Island. We further acknowledge that Aurora is part of the treaty lands of the Mississaugas of the Credit, recognized through Treaty #13 as well as the Williams Treaties of 1923.;xNLx;This timeline is a resource available to all visitors to learn about significant events in the history of Indigenous People. Explore over 1000 years of Indigenous history, discover who lived here for generations, and how the arrival of European settlers affected their lives and legacies.;xNLx;This is a living timeline and we will continue to fill in gaps with new entries as research is completed. We hope that all visitors to this site take with them some of the history shared here and are prompted to continue their own journey of understanding and reconciliation. Thank you for visiting.;xNLx;

0796-01-01 00:00:00

Niswi-mishkodewinan - The Council of Three Fires

The Council of Three Fires is an Anishinaabe alliance of the Ojibway (Chippewa), Odawa (Ottawa), and Neshnabé (Potawatomi) that dates back more than a millennium.

1021-06-01 00:00:00

Vikings in Newfoundland

Viking adventurers land in Newfoundland and establish a small settlement centred on the repair of their ships.

1452-06-01 00:00:00

Development of the Doctrine of Discovery

A framework that permitted Christian powers to assert ownership over lands that they “discovered” was rooted in a series of papal bulls over the second half of the 15th century.

1500-01-01 00:00:00

Western European Contact on the Coast

Contact between European fishermen & Indigenous Peoples on the Atlantic coast begins.

1537-06-02 00:00:00

A Papal Proclamation

Pope Paul III issues Sublimis Deus (The Sublime God), a papal bull that forbade the enslavement of the Indigenous people of the New World.

1600-01-01 20:49:13

The Spread of Sickness

Diseases, especially Smallpox, are carried to the Americas by European explorers and Missionaries, devastating Indigenous populations.

1609-06-01 00:00:00

The Huron-Wendat Recruit Champlain

The Huron-Wendat enter into an alliance with Champlain against the Haudenosaunee. This begins 150 years of war between the French and the Iroquois.

1613-01-01 00:00:00

Covenant Chain Agreements

The Haudenosaunee Confederacy formed an alliance with the Dutch colony of New Amsterdam, using a two-row wampum belt to signify mutual respect, equality and non-interference.

1615-01-01 00:00:00

Arrival of Missionaries

European Missionaries, first the Récollets and later the Jesuits, arrive in North America.

1615-09-01 08:32:12

First White European Travels Through Aurora

Étienne Brulé is widely believed to be the first white European to set foot in present day Aurora. Brulé was an interpreter and guide for Samuel de Champlain.

Timeline of Indigenous History

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