Railway History

1515-01-01 00:00:00

Wooden rails introduced

At the Reisszug, a funicular railway at the Hohensalzburg Castle in Austria.

1801-01-01 00:00:00

First Locomotive

Trevithick built a full-size steam road locomotive in 1801.

1801-03-01 00:00:00

Life of railway blacksmith

Blacksmiths work by heating pieces of wrought iron or steel until the metal becomes soft enough for shaping with hand tools

1812-01-01 00:00:00

Salamanca locomotive

Salamanca was the first commercially successful steam locomotive, built in 1812 by Matthew Murray of Holbeck

1812-01-01 00:00:00

Stephenson's Rocket Locomotive

Stephenson's Rocket was an early steam locomotive of 0-2-2 wheel arrangement. It was built for, and won, the Rainhill Trials held by the Liverpool & Manchester Railway in 1829 to choose the best design to power the railway.

1813-01-01 00:00:00

Puffing Billy

Puffing Billy is the world's oldest surviving steam locomotive

1824-07-01 00:00:00

American Railroads

The American railroad mania began with the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad in 1828.

1825-01-01 00:00:00

Baldwin Locomotive Works

The Baldwin Locomotive Works was an American manufacturer of railroad locomotives from 1825 to 1972. Originally located in Philadelphia, it moved to nearby Eddystone, Pennsylvania, in the early 20th century. The company was for decades the world's largest producer of steam locomotives, but struggled to compete as demand switched to diesel locomotives. Baldwin produced the last of its 70,000-plus locomotives in 1956 and went out of business in 1972. The company has no relation to the E.M. Baldwin and Sons locomotive builder of New South Wales, Australia.

1825-01-01 00:00:00

Railways in Great Britain

The railway system in Great Britain is the oldest in the world.

1828-07-04 00:00:00

Baltimore and Ohio Railroad

In railroading's golden age the B&O was one of several trunk lines uniting the northeast quadrant of the United States into an industrial zone.

Railway History

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