Civil Rights and Human Rights

Civil Rights Human Rights

Jackson Woolworth's Sit In.

A group of Tougaloo students participated in a sit-in at the Woolworth's lunch counter in Jackson. White students from nearby Central High School came in and assailed them with racial epithets and taunts. Soon though, things turned violent. The store manager had to shut down the stor and the protestors were taken to jail. The Jackson Sit-In has been described as one of the most violent.

Act of Union

This act abolished the Irish parliament and formally united Ireland and Great Britain to become the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland.

The potato famine

A potato blight destroyed two-thirds of Ireland's staple crop and lead to an estimated 1 million deaths and emigration of a roughly 1 million people.

Sinn fein formed

The political party Sinn Fein ( Irish for "we ourselves") was formed with the explicit goal of freeing Ireland from British rule and achieving independence.

Irish Free State Treaty

The treaty between Britain and Ireland that legalized Partition of Ireland, whereby the 6 northern counties remained part of the United Kingdom with a parliament in Belfast. The 26 other counties formed the Irish Free State with a parliament in Dublin.

The Easter Uprising and Foundation of the IRA

Led by Patrick Pearse and James Connoly a group of Irish Republicans led an insurrection against British rule. They seized control of key locations around Dublin including the city's General Post Office on Easter Monday, proclaiming an Irish Republic. In response, British forces poured into Dublin and fired at the Irish. The fighting lasted for five days and caused hundreds of deaths and even more injuries. Those who participated in the uprising became known as the Irish Republican Army (IRA).

Irish Civil War

Conflict over partition led to intra-communal violence that left hundreds dead. Catholics, especially in the six northern counties voiced their opposition to it.

Creation of the Republic of Ireland

The Irish Free State was granted full independence from Britain and become the Republic of Ireland.

Northern Ireland Civil Rights Association (NICRA) Formed

Northern Ireland Civil Rights Association (NICRA) was formally launched at a public meeting in Belfast. The organization, which was modeled after the NAACP, sought to agitate for full civil and political rights for Catholics in Northern Ireland. 19th century anti-Catholic laws remained on the books as the parliament of Northern Ireland was dominated by Protestant Unionists.

Civil Rights Protests

Local civil rights activists organized a series of protests and marches against the discrimination and mistreatment of Catholics. On October 5, 1968, activists with the support of NICRA, planned a march in Derry. As the march assembled the police (called the Royal Ulster Constabulary) attacked the demonstrators in full view of the media, leading to riots. Within hours of the event, pictures of police brutality were transmitted around the globe.

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