American History

This is a timeline about America History created by Mr. Bonynge's 5th grade class at Tularcitos Elementary School in 2013 and 2014.

Each student contributed events to our shared timeline. They added descriptions, images, and links.

1492-10-12 00:00:00

Columbus Lands on San Salvador

Columbus believed that he had reached the islands in Asia called the Indies. He even called the native people he met "Indians."

1492-10-12 00:00:00

Hernando Cortes

Hernando Cortes was a famous explorer that explored many lands.

1533-03-01 00:00:00

Francisco Pizzaro Conquers the Inca Empire

On this date, Francisco Pizzaro executed Atahualpa, the emperor of the Incas. In the same year, he captured the Inca's capital city, Cuzco.

1534-03-01 00:00:00

Jacques Cartier

In 1534 Jacques Cartier explores the St. Lawrence River.

1620-02-01 00:00:00

Pilgrims Founded Plymouth Colony

In 1620 a group of colonists landed in present day Massachusetts. Together the pilgrims began living together as Plymouth Colony; William Bradford became their governor.

1633-04-10 00:00:00

Anne Hutchinson

Born in England1591 and died in America in1643. She wanted everybody in the American Colonies to have religious freedom. At that time in Boston there was no religious freedom. Her family had left England in 1633 because there was no religious freedom there. In Boston people couldn't believe in their own religion either. She was kicked out of Boston because she talked about wanting religious freedom. She moved to Rhode Island and onto New York where they practiced religious freedom. Because of her religious freedom is practiced in the United States.

1636-06-14 00:00:00

Education Law

A law was passed in 1642 that made parents responsible to teach their children to read.

1636-10-28 00:00:00

The Puritans Founded Harvard

It was founded for the training of clergy.

1652-03-28 00:00:00

Samuel Sewall

In 1700 Samuel Sewall argues against Slavery.

1675-05-01 00:00:00

King Philip's War

In 1675, a Wampanoag chief named Metacom brought American Indian groups together to fight back against English colonists in New England. However, the colonists defeated Metacom and his allies.

1732-02-22 00:00:00

George Washington

George Washington was famous for being the first president of the U.S.A

1733-03-01 00:00:00

Boston Tea Party

Colonists protest the Tea Act with the Boston Tea Party

1734-03-01 00:00:00

Jonathan Edwards Starts Religious Revivals in New England.

The Great Awakening spread throughout the colonies in part because Jonathan Edwards gave emotional speeches warning people about the dangers of a weak faith.

1735-10-30 00:00:00

John Adams

John Adams was born in 1735 and he was the second president and he fought with George Washington in some of the battles

1745-10-13 00:00:00

Mary Ludwig Hay (Molly Pitcher)

Mary Ludwig Hay nicknamed Molly Pitcher fought in the Monmouth Battle in the Revolutionary and shot cannons. Molly Pitcher fired cannons for the British in the Monmouth Battle. Mary Ludwig first married Williams Hay who died in late 1786 and then married John McCauley who ran away.

1751-05-01 00:00:00

James Madison

James Madison was a small, soft-soft -spoken man. He held offices, including Secretary of State and President.

1754-10-12 00:00:00

The French and Indian War Begins

In the mid 1700s, conflicts in the European countries began to expand farther west in North America.

1758-10-12 00:00:00

The French and Indian War

The French and Indian war was a brutal war fought between the French and Indians and the British. The British win the war with the treaty of Paris.

1763-03-01 00:00:00

Proclamation of 1763

King George the 3rd of Britain made the Proclamation of 1763. It said that colonists were not allowed to settle on land west of the Appalachian Mountains

1764-04-05 00:00:00

Sugar Act is Passed

In 1764 King George and Parliament, Britain's lawmaking assembly, passed law to make colonists pay a tariff, a tax on imported goods, on items such as molasses and sugar.

1765-03-01 00:00:00

Patrick Henry

Patrick Henry speaks out against the Stamp Act

1765-05-01 00:00:00

Stamp Act

The stamp act taxed every kind of printed material including newspaper, legal documents, and even playing cards

1770-03-05 00:00:00

Boston Massacre

Colonist were protesting at the Boston armies camp and one of the colonists got mad at them and started throwing snowballs at the soldiers. Then it got bigger and they started slamming them with snowballs, rocks, and oyster shells. The soldiers over reacted and started shooting them.

1773-03-01 00:00:00

Boston Tea Party

In 1773 colonists took over British ships and dumped all the tea in the water.

1774-03-01 00:00:00

Meriwether Lewis

Meriwether Lewis wa an explorer set by Jefferson to find a water routr that went through the U.S

1775-03-01 00:00:00

THE REVOULTIONARY WAR

The Revolutionary war was the start of our country's Independence.

1775-04-18 00:00:00

Paul Revere's Ride

Paul Revere and William Dawes rode from Boston to tell the towns that the British were coming.

1775-04-19 00:00:00

Battles of Lexington and Concord

When the British wanted to destroy the colonies weapons which lead to a battle in the towns of Lexington and Concord.

1775-06-01 00:00:00

The Battle of Bunker Hill

British troops attacked American forces near Bunker Hill in Charlestown, Massachusetts. The Patriots fought bravely but they had to retreat from the British.

1776-10-12 00:00:00

British Attacks New York

In August 1776, British troops attacked New York City and forced Washington's army to retreat to Pennsylvania.

1776-12-25 00:00:00

Washington Crosses the Delaware

This is the date when George Washington crosses the Delaware in a surprise attack on the British on Christmas day.

1777-04-26 00:00:00

Sybil Ludington

Sybil Ludington was the Heroine of the Revolutionary war. Sybil rode 40 miles on her horse, Star, to alert about a British attack when she was only 16. Sybil's ride started at about 9:00 pm and ended at about dawn. She rode twice the distance of Paul Revere and she was only 16.

1780-02-01 00:00:00

Romanticism

The triumph of imagination and individuality. Caspar Friedrich, Gericault, Dalacroix, Turner, Benjamin West American Revolution (1775-1783) French Revolution (1789-1799) Napoleon crowned Emporer of France (1803)

1783-05-01 00:00:00

Treaty of Paris

The Treaty of Paris ended the American Revolution and added new land to the United States.

1791-05-01 00:00:00

Bill of Rights

In 1791 Congress passed ten amendments that became known as the Bill of Rights.

1800-10-12 00:00:00

The Struggle for Unity

A Shawnee leader named chief Tecumseh attempted to bring American Indian groups together to oppose the migration of settlers into the Mississippi and Ohio River Valleys.

1804-03-01 00:00:00

Lewis and Clark Expedition

In 1804, Lewis and Clark set out for a journey to find a water route across North America and explore the uncharted West

1814-03-01 00:00:00

Star Spangled Banner is Written

In 1814, Francis Scott Key wrote "The Star Spangled Banner."

1814-05-01 00:00:00

First Train Was Invented

In 1814 British inventor George Stephenson built the first train with a steam engine.

1814-07-08 13:49:26

F.S.Key wrote Star Spangled Banner

In 1814, Francis Scott wrote " The Star Spangled Banner".

1820-03-01 00:00:00

Harriet Tubman and the Underground Railroad

Harriet Tubman drove the Underground Railroad, the Underground Railroad is a path that she took to take inslaved

1830-03-01 00:00:00

Trail of Tears

In the 1830s, the U.S. government began removing all American Indians from land east to the Mississippi which they called the "Indian Territory". Many people died during the journey of either bad weather or diseases. This journey became known as the Trail of Tears.

1830-05-01 00:00:00

First U.S. Railroad Line Opens

In 1830, Peter Cooper, an American merchant built a small locomotive called Tom Thumb.

1835-03-01 00:00:00

Texas Gains Independence

In 1835 Texas decide to fight for independence from Mexico. In 1836 Texas won, and gained independence later that year.

1835-05-01 00:00:00

The Texas Revolution

In 1835 Texans decided to fight for Independence.

1836-03-01 00:00:00

The Mexican-American War

In 1840 many Americans believed that the United States should control land from the Atlantic ocean to the Pacific ocean. In 1845 congress voted to add Texas as a new state. In 1846 president James K. Polk asked congress to declare war with Mexico. James K. Polk sent U.S. troops to drive the Mexican army out of California. In 1848 the Americans won the Mexican-American War.

1837-07-21 12:00:01

Remember the Alamo

The Alamo was a horrible battle Texans against Mexicans in the end the Mexicans won and famous Americans died such as Jim Bowie and Davy Crockett

1838-03-01 00:00:00

Trail of Tears

In 1838, the Cherokee begin moving west on the Trail of Tears.

1838-10-12 00:00:00

Cherokee Trail of Tears

The Cherokee tribe was forced to move of of their land and travel West on the Trail of Tears.

1845-03-01 00:00:00

Manifest Destiny

Manifest Destiny was when President James K. Polk wanted America to stretch from "sea to shining sea".

American History

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