Communal violence in Kandhamal

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This digital timeline documents the long genesis of violence against Christians in Kandhamal. We have presented archive material from different sources here including scanned copies of letters from local priests dating back to the 1980s addressed to government officials alerting them of the growing tensions in Orissa.;xNLx;The main aim of this timeline is to illustrate that communal violence is not sporadic. The large scale violence that took place in Kandhamal in 2008 was preceded by years of smaller attacks. Communal violence in India and indeed in other parts of South Asia has a long genesis and a long-term impact. ;xNLx;

1986-01-01 01:19:16

20 Churches burnt down

20 churches were burnt and several mission employees beaten up in Phulbani in 1986-1987

1986-12-04 10:36:11

Archbishop appeals to PM and other leaders

Archbishop Raphael Cheenath sends letters to leading govt officials regarding harrassment of Christians in Kandhamal

1988-10-02 00:00:00

Armed attack in Kattingia

Kattingia village in Kandhamal is attacked on 2nd and 3rd October 1988

1988-11-01 01:19:56

Violence in Kalahandi, Keonjhar and Kandhamal

Communal forces attack Christians in three districts in Orissa

1989-01-23 01:19:56

Fr. Luke Kollamparambil assaulted

1989-01-24 01:19:56

Christian adivasi girl assaulted

A Christian girl from Pabingya village was assaulted by RSS supporters

1989-02-04 15:09:58

VHP leader attacks Rukano Digal

Digal, a Catholic preacher was attacked when he was travelling from the Catholic church in Pabingia to his village.

1991-03-22 00:00:00

Armed attack on Christians in Ganjam and Cuttack districts

A Jajpur Parish priest, two brothers from the Mother Teresa group and two nuns were brutally attacked

1993-08-02 02:31:50

Priest assaulted, church looted and homes burnt

Violence erupts in Mangalpore

1994-01-24 09:25:14

Prime Minister responds to violence

The Prime Minister assures Christians in Balasore that adequate steps to maintain peace have been taken

1994-02-07 09:25:14

Kharmunda panchayat: SC and ST groups threatened

The Scheduled Caste and Scheduled Tribe population in Kharmunda face threats and physical attack from gang members

1999-01-22 12:47:20

Graham Staines and sons burnt alive

An Australian Missionary and his two young sons Philip and Timothy were burnt alive by Hindu extremists in Orissa

1999-09-30 04:57:53

NCM: Christians are prime target for Hindu Extremists

Tahir Mahmood, Chairman of the National Commission for Minorities speaks about the attacks on the Christian community in India to the BBC

2003-10-24 15:31:06

Orissa-'Hindutva's next laboratory'

Prof Angana Chatterji forewarns that Orissa is a Gujarat in the making

2007-12-24 19:59:58

Churches in Baliguda attacked

On Christmas eve, a large mob marched into Baliguda village, where they attacked and burnt the Catholic church building, convent, priest’s residence and other church property. They also burnt down a Baptist church and attacked a Pentecostal church

2007-12-25 19:59:58

Churches in Bamunigaon attacked

On Christmas day, a mob destroyed churches and Christian homes in Bamunigaon village

2007-12-26 08:26:07

One dead, 30 injured in Kandhamal

AFP— Hindus attacked at least 10 churches in Kandhamal leaving one man dead and 30 injured on Christmas night

2008-01-01 08:26:07

Christmas week violence causes grave concern

65 churches were burnt, 600 homes destroyed and several Christians murdered in last week's attacks

2008-08-29 11:15:29

Open letter to world leaders

International NGO's jointly write an open letter to world leaders urging them to condemn the violence in Orissa

2008-08-31 01:19:16

Christians hide in forests as Hindu mobs ransack villages

Thousands of Christians flee their villages to seek shelter in nearby forests as widespread attacks continue in Kandhamal

2008-09-01 08:21:08

christians take refuge in relief camps

More than 10,000 Christians have fled to take refuge in relief camps set up by the government

2008-09-24 15:31:06

Large scale Reconversion programmes amidst violence

Large scale reconversion programmes are being held by the Sangh Parivar in remote areas of Kandhamal district while violence against Christians continues

2008-10-02 02:07:00

Amnesty urges Indian govt to halt violence

Amnesty International calls for authorities to match words with actions in eastern state of Orissa

2008-10-05 15:04:19

Maoists claim responsibility for Lakshmananda murder

The Orissa State committee of the Communist Party of India (Maoist) on Saturday claimed that it killed VHP leader Swami Lakshmanananda in Kandhamal on August 23.

2008-10-25 01:19:16

Nun demands CBI enquiry

Sister Meena, a catholic nun who was raped on August 25, 2008 during the communal riots made a public statement yesterday appealing for a CBI enquiry

2009-01-26 00:00:00

Special Rapporteur releases report

The report of the UN Special Rapporteur on freedom of religion or belief visit to India in March 2008 is released.

2009-04-18 19:59:58

Relief Camps begin to close

Tens of thousands of Christians have no where to go as relief camps begin to be prematurely closed

2009-06-01 11:27:12

Video: Kandhamal riots

CSW releases a video featuring interviews with victims of the 2008 violence

2010-06-29 06:51:43

Manoj Pradhan MLA sentenced to 7 yrs imprisonment

Manoj Pradhan, a high-profile defendant facing fourteen charges in connection with the severe anti-Christian violence in Orissa state in August-October 2008, has today been sentenced to seven years in prison for his role in the murder of Parikhita Naik on 27 August 2008.

2010-10-30 00:27:52

12 convicted, 46 acquitted

At least 12 persons were convicted and 46 others acquitted in riot related cases by separate fast track courts in Kandhamal on Saturday.

2010-11-23 06:51:43

Manoj Pradhan let out on bail

The jailed BJP MLA Manoj Pradhan was granted bail by the Orissa High court on Monday

2011-10-26 03:00:41

National People's Tribunal report

The Natonal People's Tribunal releases its report on Kandhamal, entitled, 'Waiting for Justice'.

2012-03-24 00:00:00

First murder conviction

Kartik Paramanika sentenced to life imprisonment for the murder of Ramesh Digal by a fast-track court, the first conviction for murder.

2012-08-30 00:00:00

Protest rally in Phulbani

Around 5,000 victims attend a public rally to mark the fourth anniversary of the violence and call for justice, peace and harmony.

2013-07-07 15:34:46

Fr. Ajay Singh receives Minority Rights Award

The National Commission for Minorities awards Orissa based human rights activist the Minority Rights award

2013-08-24 07:13:21

Five years on, Kandhamal victims await justice, rehabilitation and peace

August 2013 marks the five year anniversary of the 2008 violence. Victims still await justice, rehabilitation and peace

2014-08-25 04:13:58

COE observes Kandhamal Day

The Church of England observes the 6yr anniversary of the Kandhamal violence

2014-08-25 17:17:20

Activists demand SIT

Human rights activists observed the 6 year anniversary of the Kandhamal violence and demanded a high-level special investigation team to inquire into the roles of the administration and the police machinery during the violence

Communal violence in Kandhamal

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