French Revolution

Significants events that took place in France from 1789 to 1795 during the French Revolution

1789-05-01 00:00:00

CONVOCATION TO THE ESTATES GENERAL

Louis XVI summoned the Estates General (last been called in 1614) to try to raise taxes with the approval of the 3 estates. He wanted to appear to be kind and caring towards his people and so as his decision not to appear authoritarian. In this way, then neither of the 3 estates could complain and he could justify his decision. However, the voting system turned out to be very unfair since the vote was per estate and not per head. The 3rd estate should have had many more votes since it represented the 98% of the population.

1789-06-01 00:00:00

CREATION OF NATIONAL ASSEMBLY

Due to the injustice of the votes and the incapacity of the king to make decisions, the 3rd estate broke away from the Estates General and formed the National Constituent Assembly.

1789-06-20 00:00:00

TENNIS COURT OATH

On June 20th, after the king locking the hall in which the Nation Assembly met, members of the Assembly met at a tennis court. There they swore an oath not to disperse until a creation of a new constitution for France

1789-07-14 00:00:00

STORMING OF THE BASTILLE

On July 14th violence broke out and, as the French citizens feared Louis XVI would crush the National Assembly with the army, they stormed the Bastille (prison symbol of the tyranny of the Ancient Regime) in an attemp to seize guns and ammunitions to use against the king's soldiers.

1789-08-01 00:00:00

AUGUST DECREES

1789-08-26 00:00:00

DECLARATION OF THE RIGHTS OF MEN AND CITIZEN

National Assembly issued the Declaration of the Rights of Men and Citizen (based on the American Declaration of Independance) with the help of Lafayette.

1789-10-01 00:00:00

WOMEN MARCH TO VERSAILLES

As a consequence of the spreading rumour that Marie Antoinette was hoarding grain, Peasant women marched to Versailles and forced the royal family to return to Paris to be closer to the French people.

1790-07-01 11:09:02

CIVIL CONSTITUTION OF THE CLERGY

National Assembly introduced the Civil Constitution of the Clergy which reduced the Church's powers and control.

1791-03-19 11:09:02

CONSTITUTION

Constitution by National Assembly that established a Constitutional Monarchy (king with less powers).

1791-06-20 11:09:02

KING AND QUEEN'S ESCAPE

As the revolution continued and the king was unsuccesful at solving the country's problems, he and the royal family fled to Varence hiding dressed as servants. They were caught and brough back to paris by the people and taken under house arrest.

1791-07-01 11:09:02

CHAMP DE MARS MASSACRE

On July 1791 Jacobins went to Champ de Mars to collect firms to take the government down. Soldiers of the National Assembly arrived and clashed the JAcobins. Some were shot and 15 people died.

1791-08-01 11:09:02

DECLARATION OF PILLNITZ

In August, Leopold II (Holy Roman Emperor and Marie Antoinette's brother) and Frederick William II (Prussia's emperor) issued the Declaration of Pilnitz in which they intended to bring back the french monarchy back to power

1792-01-01 21:27:41

THE REIGN OF TERROR

1792-04-01 11:09:02

DECLARATION OF WAR TO AUSTRIA

To solve starvation and bankrupcy. People and king were both in favour: people wanted to steal grain from other countries; king, if they won, he would be more popular and stronger, but if they lost, countries would get rid of revolutionaries and put him back to power

1792-04-20 11:09:02

PRUSSIA ENTERS WAR ON AUSTRIA'S SIDE

1792-07-01 11:09:02

BRUNSWICK MANIFESTO

The leader of the Prussian army, Duke of Brunswick, issued a manifesto in which he intended to overthrow the French revolutionary government and reinstall the king in power.

1792-08-01 11:09:02

STORMING OF THE TUILLERIES

Revolutionaries were very suspicious of the king's involvement in the Brunswick manifesto as a way of restoring his power so Jacobins took over the Tuilleries Palace (where the royal family lived) and imprisioned the king and his wife.

1792-09-01 11:09:02

STALEMATE AT VALMY

During the wars with Prussia and Austria, a stalemate at Valmy was produced.

1792-09-01 11:09:02

NATIONAL CONVENTION

National Assembly was replaced by the National Convention which was an organisational structure mostly under the control of the Jacobins.

1792-09-01 16:34:30

MASIVE GUILLOTINE OF SUSPICIOUS COUNTER-REVOLUTIONARIES BY JACOBINS

Jacobins guillotined more than 1000 people on suspicion of being allied wih the nobility or conspiring against the revolution

1792-09-21 10:34:30

PROCLAMATION OF REPLUBIC

Assembly by Jacobins declare France a Republic (government without a king).

1793-01-01 10:34:30

LOUIS XVI'S EXCECUTION

King was put on trial and executed in the guillotine in January 1793

1793-02-01 10:34:30

DECLARATION OF WAR ON BRITAIN AND THE DUTCH REPUBLIC

1793-04-01 10:34:30

COMITTEE OF PUBLIC SAFETY

When Jacobins finally got to power they established the Committee of Public Safety that acted as a 'De facto governement' (default government) in control of Maximilien Robespierre.

1793-07-01 10:34:30

REVOLT AT TOULON

In the Port of Toulon there was a revolt against the revolutionary government which was put down with the help of Napoleon Bonaparte.

1793-08-01 16:12:00

LEVÉE EN MASSE

How did France manage to be at war with so many countries at the same time? Levée en Masse was introduced which established that all young unmarried men should be in the army (France had 1 million soldiers).

1793-10-01 10:34:30

MARIE ANTOINETTE'S EXCECUTION

She followed the same fate as his husband, was excecuted in the guillotine.

1794-07-01 06:08:52

THERMIDORIAN REACTION

Government created a new calendar: July was renamed to Thermidor and changed the number of hours a day. TheThermidorian Reaction is the month in which people finally get sick of Robespierre and decide to execute him.

1794-07-28 10:34:30

ROBESPIERRE'S EXECUTION

People were concerned about Robespierre's extreme use of violence. He was arrested and then executed on 28th of July.

1795-08-01 10:34:30

NEW CONSTITUTION BY THE CONVENTION

1795-10-01 10:34:30

CONVENTION DISSOLVES

Convention dissolves, leaving space for the Directory to be established

French Revolution

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