Residential Upholstered Furniture Flammability Regulations

The story of U.S. flammability regulations for upholstered furniture in the home over the years.

1967-12-14 00:00:00

Flammable Fabrics Act Updated

The Flammable Fabrics Act of 1953 was updated to include upholstered furniture.

1972-04-24 00:00:00

NBS: Cigarettes Dominant CAuse Furniture FIres

The US National Bureau of Standards recommends simulating cigarette ignition for any test standard for upholstered furniture flammability.

1972-08-01 00:00:00

CA Law Requires Development of Flammability Std

California law addressed the flammability of furniture requiring standards effective October 1, 1975.

1972-10-27 00:00:00

Consumer Product Safety Act Passed

Congress combines responsibilities for upholstered furniture flammability standards, rulemaking and enforcement under the CPSC.

1972-11-29 00:00:00

Dept. of Commerce: Need for Flammability Std.

"Upholstered Furniture: Notice of Finding that Flammability Standard or Other Regulation may be Needed and Institution of Proceedings."

1973-05-14 00:00:00

Consumer Product Safety Commission Begins Operations

The Flammable Fabrics Act, and therefore upholstered furniture flammability, becomes the responsibility of the CPSC.

1975-10-01 00:00:00

California TB-117 Test Becomes Effective

Addresses small open flame and smoldering ignition sources.

1976-09-01 00:00:00

NBS submits cigarette ignition draft to CPSC

The National Bureau of Standards proposes test standard for cigarette ignition of upholstered furniture to the Consumer Product Safety Commission.

1978-11-20 00:00:00

CPSC Staff Recommend Proposal of Modified Standard

Consists of two tests - one to classify fabrics, and the other to eliminate flammable combinations of fabric, filing materials and construction

1978-12-08 00:00:00

Press Coverage of CPSC Proposed Standard

1978-12-20 00:00:00

UFAC Submits Voluntary Standard to CPSC

In response to the proposed CPSC mandatory standard, UFAC proposes their own voluntary standard

1981-09-01 00:00:00

CPSC Votes to Accept UFAC Voluntary Standard

1993-04-14 00:00:00

NASFM Petitions CPSC for Open Flame Test

The National Association of State Fire Marshals petitions CPSC to adopt a new mandatory standard (based on CA standards).

1994-06-15 00:00:00

CPSC ANPR Small Open Flame Ignition Sources

The CPSC publishes an Advance Notice of Proposed Rulemaking focusing on small open flame sources as a result of the 1993 NASFM Petition.

1994-07-12 00:00:00

CPSC Requires Cigarette Lighters to be Childproof

Efforts by CPSC to reduce the number of household fires started by young children playing with disposable and novelty lighters.

1994-09-01 00:00:00

CPSC Develops Small Open Flame Test

At the request of NASFM, CPSC works on and develops an open flame ignition test.

1997-10-24 00:00:00

CPSC: Reg. Options for Small Open Flame & Cigs

CPSC staff say including both sources of ignition is feasible. Recommend gathering more info on FR treatments re: adverse health effects.

1998-03-02 00:00:00

CPSC Votes to Defer Action Pending FR Tox Results

Action on small open flame standard postponed. Additional information on flame retardant toxicity needed.

1998-05-05 00:00:00

CPSC Public Hearing on Flame Retardants

Government, industry, fire safety organizations and other interested parties present information on toxicity, potential exposure, risk assessments, and other related topics.

2000-12-22 00:00:00

CPSC: Multipurpose Lighters to be Child Proof

CPSC requires household multipurpose lighters to be childproof.

2001-10-30 00:00:00

CPSC:Draft for Small Open Flame Ignition Reg

Because of the complexity, CPSC staff recommends sharing this proposal with the public and receiving comments before proposing a rule.

2002-02-01 00:00:00

CA Proposes Revised Draft of TB-117

This proposal remains in draft form and is never adopted by California.

2003-10-23 00:00:00

CPSC Proposes Cigarette and Open Flame Standard

Advanced Notice for Proposed Rulemaking for public comment is issued, includes smoldering cigarettes and small open flame ignition sources.

2004-06-28 00:00:00

New York 1st State to Require RIP Cigarettes

New York state regulation requires cigarettes sold in state to self-extinguish if left unattended. (Reduced Ignition Propensity, RIP)

2006-01-30 00:00:00

CPSC Status Update on Regulatory Options

CPSC Staff presents a briefing package to the Commission with options for a draft standard.

2008-03-04 00:00:00

CPSC Fabric Smoldering and Open Flame Proposal

CPSC proposes two methods of compliance: Smolder resistant cover materials or barriers that meet smoldering and open flame requirements.

2011-10-01 00:00:00

CA Places Furniture FR (TDCPP) on Prop 65 List

Based on hazard, not risk, furniture using TDCPP to pass California's flammability standard will be labeled warning of causing cancer.

2012-06-01 00:00:00

PFA Recommends Prop 65 Label on All Furniture

Polyurethane Foam Association notes difficulties in assuring that product does not contain TDCPP.

2012-06-18 00:00:00

CA Govnr: Review Flammability Standard

Governor Jerry Brown asks the California BHFTI to recommend changes to standard reducing "toxic" flame retardants while ensuring fire safety.

2012-07-17 00:00:00

Senate Hearings on Upholstered Furn Flammability

Are consumers adequately protected from flammability of upholstered furniture?

2012-07-23 00:00:00

CA Workshops on NEW Proposed Standard

The Bureau conducts workshops to discuss the proposed requirements for testing smolder resistance entitled Technical Bulletin 117-2012.

2012-10-05 00:00:00

Foam Manufacturer Eliminates Their Use of TDCPP

Hickory Springs Manufacturing Company announces that it is eliminating TDCPP fire retardant from its foam formulations and production facilities.

2012-10-28 00:00:00

CA Labeling Requirement for Furniture with TDCPP

Furniture manufacturers must provide a clear and reasonable warning if their product contains TDCPP

2012-11-13 00:00:00

FR Producer Stops Sale of TDCPP

ICL Industrial Products announces they are discontinuing the sale of TDCPP for flexible polyurethane foam.

2012-12-06 00:00:00

First Lawsuits in California over TDCPP

Environmental group in California is readying to sue Walmart, Target, and others who are selling children's products that contain TDCPP.

Residential Upholstered Furniture Flammability Regulations

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