Perestroika was a political movement during the 1980s, widely associated with the Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev. The literal meaning of Perestroika is "restructuring", referring to the restructuring of the Soviet political and economic system. Perestroika is considered to be the cause of the dissolution of the Soviet Union, the revolutions of 1989 in Eastern Europe, and the end of the Cold War.

Gorbachev becomes leader of the Soviet Union

Gorbachev becomes the leader of the Soviet Union. The USSR was in crisis, there were no ideas of change.

Perestroika programme is introduced

Perestroika programme is introduced and allows market prices to be introduced into the Soviet economy. It was no longer illegal to sell or buy for profit.There were new airs of changes

End of violence

USSR and the USA sign a treaty to remove their missiles from Europe.

USSR`s control of eastern europe collpases

There started being revolts inside the Soviet Union and in the countries dominated by this communist regime.

Solidarity between countries

Hungarian people dismantle a fence between Austria, which was a capitalist country, and themselves.

Elections in Poland

In Poland free elections are held for the frist time since the World War II. Solidarity won.


Thousands of East Germans who were vacationing in Chezcoslovakia and Hungary escape through Austria into West Germany.

Dismantle of the wall

Thousands of germans march agains the berlin wall, where the guards throw their weapons and join the crowds. The berlin wall is dismantled.

Demonstrations against Gorbachev

About 70,000 people walk through the city centre of Leipzig on Oct. 9, 1989, during one of the so-called Monday demonstrations against the East German Communist regime while Gorbachev visited the country.

Germany as a united country

Germany became a united country once again.

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