This timeline is about Down Syndrome and how it got influenced throughout the year.

1838-01-01 00:00:00

The First Documentary

First documentary by Jean-Etienne Domminique Esquirol described people with intellectual and developmental disabilities being separate from insanity.

1866-01-01 00:00:00

The First Link

English Physician, John Langdon Down links population with distinct physical characteristics to decreased intellectual ability.

1883-01-01 00:00:00


America embraces the Eugenics Movement by passing laws to prevent disabled people from moving to the United States, marrying or having children, forced to be institutionalized and sterilized.

1900-01-01 00:00:00

Research Findings

A lot of research was done finding life expectancy, finding cause and association between down syndrome and Alzheimer's disease found by Alois Alzheimer.

1927-01-01 00:00:00

Violation of Constitution

Supreme Court case Buck v. Bell rules its a violation of constitution rights of disabled for people to be forcefully sterilized.

1939-01-01 00:00:00

Killing of Disabled

In World War 2 Hitler ordered widespread mercy killing of disabled including people with Down Syndrome.

1946-01-01 00:00:00

Programs for Disabled

Started programs for the disabled, and made grants to states constructing rehab for disabled people and made associations for disabled people.

1954-01-01 00:00:00

National Week

On January 2, president Dwight D. Eisenhower proclaims National Retarded Children's Week.

1959-12-31 04:20:51

Trisomy discovery

Jerome Lejeune a french physician discovers that Down Syndrome is the result of a chromosomal abnormality- three copies of chromosome 21 making it a trisomy.

1961-01-01 00:00:00

The Transition Task

President John F. Kennedy creates a transition task focused on mental retardation.

1963-01-01 00:00:00

No More Institutionalization

President Kennedy asks to de-institutionalize disabled people and get them back into the community.

1965-01-01 00:00:00

Amendment Created

Social Security Amendment creates Medicare and Medicaid providing healthcare for disabled.

1965-12-28 21:03:52

Not Mongoloids

After Mongolia sends World Health Organization a message to stop calling person with Downb Syndrome Mongol or Mongoloids,

1966-01-01 00:00:00

Committee Established

President Johnson establishes committee on Mental Retardation.

1973-01-01 00:00:00

Formed National Congress

The National Down Syndrome Congress was formed to help increase the level of care, possibilities for people with the condition, help diagnose and treat them.

1975-12-28 21:03:52

Started Studying Mice

Researchers started studying chromosomal abnormalities including Down Syndrome in mice.

1976-12-28 21:03:52


Started amniocentesis/ first abortion after mid-trimester for parents with child with disabilities.

1981-01-01 00:00:00

Suggestion for Treatment

William Cohen presents the first U.S. medical management suggestions for doctors treating Down Syndrome patients.

1983-01-01 00:00:00

Prenatal Testing

American Congress of Obstetrics and Gynecologists and American Academy of Pediatrics advise that women over the age of 35 should be offered prenatal testing for Down Syndrome.

1990-01-01 00:00:00

Americans with Disabilities Act

Americans with Disabilities Act was signed by George H.W. Bush.

1992-01-01 00:00:00

The First Comprehensive Adult Clinic

Dr. Brian Chicoine and Dr. Dennis McGuire establish the Adult Down Syndrome Center, the first comprehensive adult clinic that sees patients daily.

1995-01-01 00:00:00

Guidelines for Physicians Established

American Academy of Family Physicians create guidelines for physicians assisting healthcare needs of Down Syndrome patients, established defects in Down Syndrome, spread the information about DS worldwide, and scientists successfully mapped chromosome 21 wile deciphering it.

2002-01-01 00:00:00

Funding for Research Started

At NIH (National Institute of Health), funding for research for people with Down Syndrome began.

2005-01-01 00:00:00

Launching the Breakthrough Research

Anna and John J. Sie foundation launches the "Breakthrough Research Initiative Summit" for viable medical or cognitive breakthrough within 10 years.

2008-01-01 00:00:00

First Academic Home Created

Linda Crinic Institute for Down Syndrome, the first academic home for Down Syndrome was created by the Anna and John J. Sie Foundation.

2010-01-01 00:00:00

Research on Mouse Continued

A new mouse with a complete trisomy is engineered for Down Syndrome research and the National Institude of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD) is founded by the NIH.

2010-01-01 00:00:00

Rosa's Law

Obama signes Rosa's Law to require removal of the words "mental retardation" from federal laws.

2011-01-01 00:00:00

Guidelines for Genetic Counselors

NIH forms Down Syndrome Consortium and guidelines how Genetic Counselors can better assist how to break the news to parents with Down Syndrome new borns.


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