France 1799-1815

In the following timeline, the most important events between Napoleon's rise to power up to his fall will be anlalyzed.

1799-01-01 00:00:00

The Napoleonic Code

Napoleon decided to issue a unified code of law to replace the complex system that existed at that time. Many of these laws were based on ancient traditions, others came from regional customs, and still others were dictated by the church.

1799-11-02 08:57:08

The Fall of the Directory

Due to his victories on the the battlefield against Austria in the south of Italy, his reputation increased and brought him a wide a support from the people. The directory in order to keep Napoleon far from France, sent him to Egypt into a campaign against the British. When he came back after his defeat, the Directory was a disaster. And everyone was plotting against the other one. Napoleon took advatnage of this situation and imposed his will, the Consulate, with himself as the chief of the three consuls who controlled France.

1800-01-01 00:00:00

Bank of France created

In 1800 the Bank of France was created. It was government-backed and ruled by the influential swiss banker Jean Frederic perregaux. This helped to strenghten France´s finances , although debts remained high largely because of the costs of war

1801-03-08 00:00:00

Concordat with Pope Pius

In 1801 Napoleon made a concordat (official agreement) with the pope, by which Napoleon recognized Roman Catholisism in France. In return he was allowed to nominate the men who would serve as bishops in France. This gave Napoleon a lot of power. Cgurvh became an important agency for Napoleonic proaganda .

1803-11-02 19:45:33

Napoleon in Business

Napoleon sold the Louisiana Territory to the US for 80 million francs (15 million dollars).

1804-11-01 00:00:00

Napoleon's Coronation

Napoleon crowned himself emperor of France. Following the style of the coronations of the past French Kings, the event was maginficient.

1807-06-14 09:23:26

Battle of Friedland

Napoleon defeated the Russians at the Battle of Friedland. This battle was fought in east Prussia. Russian troops were outnumbered by the French ones by even more than the double.

1807-11-30 09:23:26

Occupation in Portugal

Beginning of French occupation of Portugal. This campaign was very important not only in Europe but it also had repercussions in South America. Argentina, for example, was able to realize that the Spanish monarchy had been removed. A famous troop in Argentinean´s was callled 'Granaderos´, an idea took from Napoleon´s troops in Spain and Portugal.

1808-06-04 00:00:00

Napoleon names new kings.

Napoleon named Joseph Bonaparte (his eldest brother) King of Spain, and Murat (a succesful cavalry commander) King of Naples. Murat was able to have power since his achievements at the Egyptian Campaign and at Marengo.

1809-12-15 00:00:00

Napoleon`s divorce

Napoleon divorced from Josephine. Josephine was part of a rich and traditional family in France, and that was an important reason which made him calim to power. Although Napoleon loved her, she was unfaithful to him. They broke up in 1809, it was the end of Napoleon's first marriage.

1810-04-02 00:00:00

Napoleon's second marriage.

Napoleon´s married Marie-Louise, Archduchess of Austria daughter of Francis I, Austrian emperor.

1811-03-20 00:00:00

Birth of Napoleon's son

Napoleon's son born and was declared "King of Rome" by his own father. It was very important for Napoleon because Jospehine and him couldn't have sons.

1812-06-24 00:00:00

Beggining of Russian campaign

Russian Campaign began. Some historians are convinced that this war (in which France troops were destroyed) was the beggining of the end.

1812-09-24 00:00:00

Napoleon's failure

What destroyed Napoleon's troops were not Russian troops but Russian military strategies and Russian winter. When the French army entered Moscow they found the city abandond. Rsussian strategy is called "Scorched earth" and it consists ondestroying anything that might be useful to the enemy while advancing. Napoleon retreated in the cold Russian winter, the army suffered devastating casualties

1814-03-30 00:00:00

France in Problems

By March of 1814, Russians and Prussians were attacking Paris. Napoleon's finally lost the war and a brother of Louis XVI was restored to power, it was the end of the empire.

1814-05-04 00:00:00

Napoleon First Exile

Napoleon was exiled to a Mediterranean isand call Elba.

1815-03-20 00:00:00

Hundred Days Campaign Began

Napoleon's first exile only lasted eleven months since he was able to escape from Elba. He managed to take control, begins "Hundred Days" campaign

1815-05-15 07:58:24

Congress of Vienna

Delegates of the most powerful countries in Europe sent their delegates to reorganize Europe again as it was before Napoleon.

1815-06-18 00:00:00

Napoleon was defeated

Defeated in the Battle of Waterloo by the British and Prussians. Britain was the only country which Napoleon could never defeat.

1815-06-22 00:00:00

Second Abdication

Abdicated for the second time

1815-10-16 00:00:00

Napoleon´s Second Exile

Napoleon was exiled to Saint Helena, an island in the middle of the Atlantic Ocean.

1821-05-05 00:00:00

Napoleon's Death

Napoleon died in Saint Elena in May of 1821. Some historians say that he was poisoned but nobody truly knows the causes of his death

France 1799-1815

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