Reign of Shah Jahan
Shah Jahan ruled the Mughal Empire in South Asia from 1628 until 1658. The name Shah Jahan comes from Persian, meaning "Ruler of Everywhere". He was the fifth Mughal emperor after Babur, Humayun, Akbar, and Jahangir.
Reign of Mehmed the Conqueror
Ottoman sultan Mehmed II Fatih (the Conqueror) reigned the second time from 1451 to his death in 1481 (he also reigned from 1444 to 1446).
Voyages of Zheng He
Zheng He (1371–1433) was a Muslim mariner, explorer and diplomat who commanded huge fleets on seven epic voyages to SE Asia, South Asia, the Middle East and the Horn of Africa. Zheng He's voyages were undertaken between 1405 and 1433 on orders of the Ming imperial government.
End of the Persian Empire
The Sassanid Persian Empire is extinguished with the assassination of the fugitive Shah Yazdegird.
Sinan (1489/90-1588) was the greatest architect of the Ottoman empire--perhaps the greatest of all time. Sinan was lucky to live during the reign of Suleyman the Magnificent, the greatest of the Ottoman sultans and a generous patron of architecture. Sinan designed more than 100 mosques in his life.
Death of Mu’awiyah
Mu'awiyah (602-680) was the first caliph of the Ummayad Dynasty.
Civil War in Syria
Popular uprising against dictator Bashar al-Assad throws Syria into civil war. Armed conflict between government forces and rebel groups continues.
Gaddafi overthrown in Libya
Libyan dictator Muammar Gaddafi overthrown and killed in popular uprising.
Battle of Lepanto
Venetian, Spanish and Papal fleet defeats Ottoman fleet at Lepanto, off western Greece.
Mughals take Kashmir
Mughal sultan Akbar occupies Kashmir (modern NW India and portions of Pakistan and China).