Auxiliary Unit Timeline

This is a timeline of main events for Churchill's Auxiliary Units

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Patrol Leaders

The last ever Patrol Leaders course held at Coleshill House

Lt. Col. Beyts

Lt. Col. G.H.B Beyts left the Aux. and Coleshill

Britain Declares War on Germany

Britain and France are at war with Germany following the invasion of Poland two days ago. At 1115 BST the Prime Minister, Neville Chamberlain, announced the British deadline for the withdrawal of German troops from Poland had expired. He said the British ambassador to Berlin had handed a final note to the German government this morning saying unless it announced plans to withdraw from Poland by 1100, a state of war would exist between the two countries.

Hitler Postpones Future UK Invasion Plans

The Luftwaffe is defeated in the Battle of Britain and Hitler is forced to postpone the invasion on 17 September 1940 and then on 12 October 1940 postpone it until the following year.

Auxiliary Units Formed

1st Auxiliary commander Colin Gubbins, operating from room 217, 7 Whitehall Place, London, recruits about a dozen regional Captains as Intelligence Officers who would form the backbone of the newly created Auxiliary Units. Their mission was to find 30 or so reliable men and issue them with an assortment of explosives, weapons and vital supplies. These men became known as ‘dump owners’. The IO’s were to help the ‘dump owners’ to form cells of 5 or 6 men, to train them in the use of weapons and to provide the cells with some form of hideout. The high command HQ was located at Coleshill House near Swindon and this is where intensive training was undertaken.

Lt Norman Field Starts At The Garth

Lt Colonel Norman Field starts at The Garth.

Captain Eustace Maxwell Sets Up Scottish Training HQ

On or just after the 19th of august 1940 Captain Eustace Maxwell set up the Scottish training HQ at Melville House. Training was intense at Melville House during the latter part of 1940 and into 1942, units from most of Scotland travelled there by rail or military transport, its rail link, was nearby at Ladybank.

Coleshill House Bought by Mr E Cook

Shortly after the end of the Second World War. Coleshill House was purchased from the Playdell - Bouverie family by a Mr E Cook, a founding partner of the international travel Agency, Thomas Cook & Son. Six years later in the late summer of 1952, disaster struck and Coleshill House was no more.

Churchill becomes Prime Minister

Winston Churchill becomes Prime Minister of the United Kingdom upon the resignation of Neville Chamberlain.

Local Defence Volunteers Are Formed

The creation of the Local Defence Volunteers; (the Home Guard) is announced by the new Secretary of State for War Anthony Eden. It is mostly composed of the elderly and retired.

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