UNSC Resolution 2046 Compliance Tracker

By Mollie Zapata and Jenn Christian

On May 2, the United Nations Security Council enacted a resolution addressing recent violence that has flared along the poorly defined international border separating Sudan and South Sudan, as well as the nearly year-long conflict between Sudanese government forces and the Sudan Revolutionary Front, or SRF. It was an important move, and a significant one given the political gridlock the Security Council often faces when considering issues related to the two Sudans.;xNLx;;xNLx;But the value of the Security Council’s action will hinge on compliance and consequences, and in the two weeks since the resolution was adopted, the parties have traded accusations of ongoing violations.;xNLx;;xNLx;In an effort to track Sudan, South Sudan, and the Sudan People’s Liberation Movement-North's, or SPLM-N's, compliance with those conditions on which the resolution places corresponding deadlines, the Enough Project has produced a new timeline. The timeline identifies the deadlines for conditions provided for in Resolution 2046 and chronicles indicators of actors’ compliance, or lack thereof, with each of those conditions in color-coded categories along the timeline (below).;xNLx;;xNLx;U.N. Security Council Resolution 2046 requires the governments of Sudan and South Sudan, as well as the SPLM-N, to meet a number of conditions or face the imposition of sanctions under Article 41 of the U.N. Charter. The resolution places deadlines on the actors’ compliance with certain conditions, while leaving other conditions without corresponding deadlines.;xNLx;;xNLx;;xNLx;;xNLx;Acronym Guide:;xNLx;•GoS – Government of Sudan;xNLx;•RoSS – Republic of South Sudan;xNLx;•SRF – Sudan Revolutionary Front (a coalition between the rebel groups in Darfur, South Kordofan and Blue Nile);xNLx;•SAF – Sudan Armed Forces (the Sudanese Army);xNLx;•SPLM-N – Sudan People’s Liberation Movement-North;xNLx;•UNSC – United Nations Security Council;xNLx;•AU – African Union;xNLx;•NCP – National Congress Party (the ruling political party in Sudan);xNLx;•JPSM - Joint Political and Security Mechanism;xNLx;•AJOC - Abyei Joint Oversight Committee;xNLx;•JBVMM - Joint Border Verification and Monitoring Mission;xNLx;;xNLx;

AUHIP statement on progress of talks

The Joint Political and Security Mechanism, or JPSM, talks adjourned but are set to restart on June 19. The Abyei Joint Oversight Committee, or AJOC, adjourned and will reconvene in Abyei on July 5. Both parties committed to immediately deploying their national observers to the temporary headquarters of the Joint Border Verification and Monitoring Mission, or JBVMM, in Assosa, Ethiopia. South Sudan provisionally agreed to the AUHIP's proposed map marking the border and a temporary security line between the two countries.

AUHIP STATEMENT ON PROGRESS OF TALKS

The Joint Political and Security Mechanism, or JPSM, talks adjourned but are set to restart on June 19. The Abyei Joint Oversight Committee, or AJOC, adjourned and will reconvene in Abyei on July 5. Both parties committed to immediately deploying their national observers to the temporary headquarters of the Joint Border Verification and Monitoring Mission, or JBVMM, in Assosa, Ethiopia. South Sudan provisionally agreed to the AUHIP's proposed map marking the temporary security line for the purposes of defining the safe demilitarized border zone between the two countries.

DEADLINE: Report Back to UNSC

UN Secretary-General reports to the UNSC about GoS, RoSS, and SPLM-N compliance within 15 days.

Deadline: cessation of hostilities

Immediate cessation of hostilities between Sudan and South Sudan within 48 hours of the resolutions’ adoption.

Deadline: Border Security

Activation of border security mechanism within no more than a week

Deadline: Troop Redeployment out of Abyei

Redeployment of troops from Abyei within no more than two weeks in accordance with the June Agreement on Temporary Arrangements for the Abyei Area.

DEADLINE: Negotiations

Unconditional resumption of negotiations between Sudan and South Sudan within no more than two weeks.

DEADLINE: Regular Reporting

UN Secretary-General continues to report in two week intervals.

DEADLINE: Regular Reporting

UN Secretary-General continues to report in two week intervals.

DEADLINE: Regular Reporting

UN Secretary-General continues to report in two week intervals.

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