e-Waste Cartography

This timeline represents the lifespan of a laptop computer. It is a map in progress of the main involved agents and their relationships and positions around e-waste. ********************* Este timelime representa la vida de un ordenador portátil. Pretende ser un mapa (en construcción) de los principales agentes implicados y sus relaciones y posicionamientos en torno a la basura electrónica.

Despite of the striking data and the alarm raised from international forums and ecological organizations about e-waste, we are facing an ecological and socio-tecnical controversy whom we don't know many of their components: the current institutional responses are very limited (practically, they come down to apply the Extended Producer Responsibility (EPR)) and the possible everyday and innovative responses from citizenship remain invisible. In this map-timeline, we'll present the state of the art of documents, news and STS' literature that deal with this problem. This will let us know who are the involved agents and their relationships, discourses and practices around e-waste.

2012-04-28 11:37:26

StEP Initiative

– an initiative of various UN organizations with the overall aim to solve the e-waste problem. Together with prominent members from industry, governments, international organizations, NGOs and academia actively participating in StEP, we initiate and facilitate approaches towards the sustainable handling of e-waste. In five Task Forces feasible, just and environmentally safe solutions for the e-waste problem are developed through analysis, planning and pilot-projects. StEP participates in E-WASTE ACADEMY: http://sites.google.com/site/ewasteacademy/ The E-waste Academy (EWA) is a pioneering concept in research and and aims to foster sustaining multi-stakeholder partnerships and collaboration on e-waste policy and management, looking at the e-waste issue in its entirety, rather than through the lens of a specific discipline.

2012-04-30 04:28:35

Electronic Waste Journal

The Electronic Waste Journal is the leading online source for information about the fast growing electronic waste management industry. Information is compiled in real time and readers are encouraged and welcome to leave feedback. Electronic Waste Journal currently has over 25,000 active readers including asset managers, asset recovery specialist, environmental groups, electronics manufacturers and recyclers who visit the several times a week. In addition to keeping our readers constantly updated with industry related events, we also profile businesses, organizations and leaders in electronics waste management.

2012-04-30 11:37:26

RoHS: EU Directive 2002/95/CE

DIRECTIVA 2002/95/CE DEL PARLAMENTO EUROPEO Y DEL CONSEJO de 27 de enero de 2003 sobre restricciones a la utilización de determinadas sustancias peligrosas en aparatos eléctricos y electrónicos

2012-05-01 00:39:12

UN RoHS Recomendations

Reducing occupational chemical exposure: Ambitious recommendations from UN meeting call for reducing chemical hazards throughout electronics life-cycle Far-reaching and ambitious recommendations laid out at a meeting of the United Nations Strategic Approach to International Chemical Management (SAICM) could significantly reduce occupational exposure to hazardous chemicals in the electronics industry – and do so at every stage of product life, from component design and manufacturing to recycling. If implemented, these recommendations would reduce health hazards for the thousands of workers employed at electronics production plants worldwide and begin to reduce environmental health hazards for those involved in electronics recycling, as well as for communities where these facilities are located and consumers who use these products.

2012-05-01 00:41:20

PLANNED OBSOLESCENCE in Design

Se denomina obsolescencia programada u obsolescencia planificada a la determinación, la planificación o programación del fin de la vida útil de un producto o servicio de modo que —tras un período de tiempo calculado de antemano por el fabricante o por la empresa de servicios durante la fase de diseño de dicho producto o servicio— éste se torne obsoleto, no funcional, inútil o inservible. Se considera que el origen de la obsolescencia programada se remonta a 1932, cuando Bernard London proponía terminar con la gran depresión a través de la obsolescencia planificada y obligada por ley (aunque nunca se llevase a cabo). Sin embargo, el términio fue popularizado por primera vez en 1954 por Brooks Stevens, diseñador industrial estadounidense. Stevens tenía previsto dar una charla en una conferencia de publicidad en Minneapolis en 1954. Sin pensarlo mucho, utilizó el término como título para su charla.

2012-05-01 17:19:01

My laptop is DESIGNED in California (USA)

2012-05-01 19:00:31

Green Design

Should... - reduce number/volume of toxic chemicals - reduce number of different materials and volume of virgin materials - increase use of reclaimed & recycled materials - reduce energy consumption in production & distribution - redesign PCs with upgrading/recycling in mind - embrace the polluter pays principle in all countries, not just when forced to - fund end-of-life recycling in all countries, not just Europe

2012-05-01 19:00:31

Design to Last

Electronics TakeBack Coalition

2012-05-02 11:37:26

Prevention: Real Decreto 208/2005

REAL DECRETO 208/2005, de 25 de febrero, sobre aparatos eléctricos y electrónicos y la gestión de sus residuos.

2012-05-02 11:37:26

Design: EU Directive 2002/96/CE

2012-05-03 16:11:25

WARS FOR MATERIALS

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2012-05-03 20:11:40

SVTC:Silicon Valley Toxics Coalition

*Protecting workers, community and the environment*

2012-05-03 23:45:05

MATERIALS for components are extracted from countries like Congo

Coltán: mineral imprescindible per a tot tipus de dispositius mòbils, com telèfons, ordinadors o videoconsoles i que té el 80% de les reserves mundials conegudes a l’est d’aquest país africà. Aquesta riquesa natural, però, no beneficia els seus ciutadans sinó que és el motor d’una terrible guerra que s’allarga des de fa gairebé 15 anys i que ja ha causat –segons alguns càlculs- cinc milions de morts, entre 1,5 i dos milions de desplaçats i 300.000 violacions.

2012-05-04 23:56:20

BOYCOT TO PLANNES OBSOLESCENCE (from inside)

2012-05-05 17:19:01

My laptop is ASSEMBLED in China

2012-05-06 02:28:28

DIY-OPEN HARDWARE

Arduino is an open-source electronics prototyping platform based on flexible, easy-to-use hardware and software. It's intended for artists, designers, hobbyists, and anyone interested in creating interactive objects or environments. Arduino can sense the environment by receiving input from a variety of sensors and can affect its surroundings by controlling lights, motors, and other actuators. The microcontroller on the board is programmed using the Arduino programming language (based on Wiring) and the Arduino development environment (based on Processing). Arduino projects can be stand-alone or they can communicate with software running on a computer (e.g. Flash, Processing, MaxMSP).

2012-05-06 23:45:05

HEALTH HAZARDS FOR WORKERS EMPLOYED AT ELECTRONIC PRODUCTION PLANTS WORLDWIDE

Who/Where are these workers?...Who/Where are the producers? Also contamination of soils and water sources...

2012-05-25 23:36:40

My laptop is DISTRIBUTED to stores.

Laptops are distributed around world's stores

2012-06-02 23:36:40

My laptop is ADVERTISED in media

How is my laptop advertised?

2012-06-03 11:33:50

PERCEIVED OBSOLESCENCE

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2012-06-04 06:30:05

SPEED OF ELECTRONICS CONSUMPTION

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2012-06-04 14:41:14

TO BUY OR NOT TO BUY?

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2012-06-05 17:19:01

Think twice before buying whether you really need a new device: GREENPEACE

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2012-06-06 14:41:14

WHICH COMPUTER SHOULD I BUY?

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2012-06-07 00:30:05

2nd Hand Markets

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2012-06-07 14:00:05

EPEAT® Rating

EPEAT® is a comprehensive environmental rating that helps identify greener computers and other electronic equipment. The EPEAT system was conceived and developed through the collaboration of stakeholders from the business, advocacy, government and academic arenas. EPEAT is used by hundreds of companies, universities and government agencies in dozens of countries. Its rigorous requirements and searchable product database let buyers bypass marketing hype and confusing specifications. For participating manufacturers, EPEAT is a chance to showcase and validate greener designs and cleaner production. EPEAT is a powerful tool for enhancing the sustainability performance of virtually any organization.

2012-06-08 17:19:01

Guide to greener electronics: GREENPEACE

Support companies that make clean products. If you are buying a product check our Guide to Green Electronics. This Guide ranks leading mobile phone, TV and PC manufacturers on policies and practices to: reduce their impact on the climate; produce greener products; and make their operations more sustainable.

2012-06-09 21:41:20

Energy Star Label

ENERGY STAR is the label created by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) to help consumers identify products that save energy. ENERGY STAR is a joint program of the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency and the U.S. Department of Energy helping us all save money and protect the environment through energy efficient products and practices.

2012-06-10 14:00:05

Recycling Report Card

The report card grades take back and recycling programs offered by computer, TV, printer and game console companies. Grades are out of a total of 100 possible points, and grading was done “on a curve.”

2012-06-10 15:09:33

2nd HAND COMPUTER / GREEN COMPUTER

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2012-06-11 23:36:40

I've BOUGHT my laptop in Apple's online store

183 million computers were sold worldwide in 2004 - 11.6 percent more than in 2003. According to Gartner Dataquest's statistics, in April 2002 the billionth personal computer was shipped. The second billion mark was supposedly reached in 2007. But how many computers are actually in use? According to a report by Forrester Research, there were over one billion PCs in use worldwide by the end of 2008. And with PC adoption in emerging markets growing fast, it is estimated that there will be more than two billion PCs in use by 2015, Forrester predicts. Therefore, whereas it took 27 years to reach the one billion mark, it will take only 7 to grow from 1 billion to 2 billion.

2012-08-05 02:49:09

Save energy from your computer: CEH

Upgrade to more energy efficient products only when you need to buy new equipment. Consider the entire lifecycle of electronics before purchasing new equipment. 81% of the total energy your computer will use throughout its life is used during its manufacture—so extending the lifespan of your existing product is the real way to save energy.

2013-04-19 23:41:11

My software programs need to be UPGRADED

Software Companies releases new version of their programes from time to time. This new versions demands more space from RAM memory and processor. Apart from it, in the case of propietary software (such as Microsoft or Mac) you'll have to pay again for a new version.

2013-04-20 11:33:50

Install LINUX

Si bé estem acostumats a que el nostre ordinador treballi amb el sistema operatiu proporcionat pel fabricant (habitualment, alguna versió de Microsoft Windows o Mac OS), si volem començar a reduir costos energètics podem pensar a instal·lar alguna versió de Linux (Ubuntu n’és la més popular). La premissa és que el sistema operatiu ens permetrà als usuaris mig, realitzar un estalvi energètic en tres nivells: - Les actualitzacions dels nostres ordinadors amb Windows o Mac fa que cada cop es demani més recursos de maquinari, comprant equip nou per mantenir una operativitat similar. - Ens permet apostar per una política de reciclatge d’equips. Linux és un sistema operatiu que funciona demandant menys recursos a la màquina, de manera que podem reutilitzar aquells equips que han quedat fora de servei per renovació de maquinari, quan encara poden ser útils - Finalment, l’estudi esmenta la reducció dels recursos necessaris per fer funcionar l’ordinador.

2013-12-11 15:03:33

Extend the lifespan of your computer: CEH

Upgrading your electronic gadgets can use 20 times less energy than replacing them, saving natural resources, energy and preventing the unnecessary use of the toxic materials needed to make a new product.

2014-05-28 09:52:20

The end of COMPUTER's GUARANTEE.

2014-09-15 13:09:03

I had a HARDWARE FAILURE

A recent report from Square Trade (an electronics warranty service company) shows that 24% laptops will fail in the first three years due to hardware malfunctions.

2014-09-16 21:13:14

iFixit: free repair manuals & community

iFixit is a global community of tinkerers dedicated to helping people fix things through free online repair manuals and teardowns. By making this knowledge readily available, iFixit helps thousands of people repair their devices every day. Why? Because companies like Apple don't provide repair parts and documentation to end users. iFixit believes that everyone has the right to maintain and repair their products. To learn more visit www.ifixit.com.

2015-01-05 08:12:02

Hacklabs, Bricolabs and other community places for hacking our hardware.

2015-05-05 11:10:27

My BATTERY no longer hold a charge. I need to REPLACE it.

Most small electronics have rechargeable batteries, and after a certain point the batteries no longer hold a charge and need to be replaced. With some products, however, consumers can’t easily do that themselves and must take the product back to the manufacturer for a new battery. Many of Apple’s products are designed this way, including iPhones, iPods, laptops, iPads. Apple will replace your battery for a hefty fee but you must take or send it to them. (This is the point at which some people simply move on to a new product, especially for iPods.) Sometimes you can find a skilled geek who can also do this for you. Apple is also adept in getting its loyal customer base to constantly buy new gadgets. They keep releasing slightly different (and improved) versions of their iPods (classic, touch, nano, shuffle, etc).

2015-05-06 11:10:27

REPLACING MY BATTERY

Installing MacBook Pro 15" Unibody 2.53 GHz Mid 2009 Battery 19 Installation Guides for Mac Book Pro 15" http://www.ifixit.com/Device/MacBook_Pro_15%22_Unibody_2.53_GHz_Mid_2009

2015-12-02 16:22:36

Another Hardware failure...

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2015-12-03 10:54:24

Hack n Mod

Launched in 2006, HacknMod has grown to be one of the biggest hacking and modding community on the web. At HacknMod, users will find hundreds of tutorials, guides, and even step by step video lessons to learn to hack and modify common (even retro) game consoles such as the Xbox 360, Wii, PSP, NES, Atari, etc. Not only does HacknMod demonstrate game console hacking, but they also have loads of information on modding AirSoft guns, Windows, Mac, iPods, robotics, case mods, coke machines, and even elevators (skip floors). The HacknMod team is devoted to seeking out all the best hacks, mods and DIY (do it yourself) projects around web. HacknMod’s step by step hack archive is updated daily (sometimes several times each day) so users always look forward to fresh content. Have questions or problems attempting a hack? No problem. Head on over to the HacknMod forum where users show off their hacks as well as assist others.

2015-12-04 10:54:24

Obsoletos.org

Obsoletos es un proyecto de investigación, creación y difusión de sistemas creativos de transformación de residuos tecnológicos, entendiendo como tales todo aparato electrónico, soporte de almacenamiento o hardware que con el tiempo ha quedado en desuso o deteriorado: ordenadores, periféricos, cintas magnéticas, placas base, etc. Obsoletos está ideado y producido por Basurama, El club del ocio y Skot Pérez, un grupo de amigos que llevábamos trabajado de modo informal desde hace tiempo con basura tecnólogica y sus posibilidades creativas. Ahora hemos decidido desarrollar de un modo más serio y continuo este proyecto, para lo que solicitamos una subvención al Ministerio de Cultura. En enero de 2008 nos concedieron 15.000€, que gastamos en talleres, exposiciones, material, conferencias…

2016-07-01 00:40:57

A mortal computer's failure?? Is it e-Waste?

The average lifespan of computers in developed countries has dropped from six years in 1997 to just two years in 2005.

2016-07-02 00:40:57

1) REPAIR it

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2016-07-02 00:40:57

1.b) FORMAL REPAIRING

La campanya de reutilització "Millor que nou, 100% vell" es dedica a promoure i difondre aquests establiments.

2016-07-02 00:40:57

1.a) INFORMAL REPAIRING

2016-07-09 00:40:57

2) DONATE it

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2016-07-09 00:40:57

2.a) INFORMAL DONATION

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e-Waste Cartography

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