Internet Governance Timeline

Review dynamic developments in Internet governance in 2014 via the GIP's Timeline | Do not forget to vote for 2014 IG personality, IG event and IG topic at | Best wishes for 2015 from GIP and Diplo team!!

2014-01-14 04:40:24

Internet governance in 2014: Many (un)known (un)knowns

Known knowns in 2014: NETmundial, UN discussion on data protection, the IGF, theITU Plenipot | Known unknowns in 2014: IG architecture, data protection and privacy, cybersecurity, intellectual property rights. Unknown unknowns: let us see at the end of 2014.

2014-01-17 00:00:00

President Obama's speech on NSA surveillance

President Obama’s speech on the NSA surveillance, emphasised his repeated use of the term ‘cyber-attacks’, placing cybersecurity at the forefront of the security agenda (higher than terrorism).

2014-02-04 00:00:00

GIP briefing on January IG developments

Monthly updates on the latest developments in Internet governance. The January update included the US appeal of the court decision against Net neutrality, the founding of the 1Net initiative, IG on the WEF agenda, the establishment of committees for the organisation of the São Paolo meeting in April.

2014-02-17 04:40:24

Open Consultation on WSIS+10 High-Level Event

The third physical meeting in preparation for the WSIS+10 High-Level Event.

2014-02-19 04:40:24

IGF Consultations

The first round of open consultations for IGF 2014 (Istanbul).

2014-02-24 09:35:29

Presentation of books by Rolf Weber, Roxana Radu, Jean-Marie Chenou and Richard Hill

Presentation of two books: The Evolution of Global Internet Governance: Principles and Policies in the Making, edited by Rolf Weber, Roxana Radu, and Jean-Marie Chenou and The New International Telecommunication Regulations and the Internet: A Commentary and Legislative History by Richard Hill.

2014-02-24 09:59:47

Briefing for Geneva Permanent Missions: Just-in-time Course on Internet Governance

The briefing for permanent missions based in Geneva presented a just-in-time course on Internet governance to be delivered by the newly established Geneva Internet Platform (GIP) and DiploFoundation.

2014-03-04 00:00:00

GIP briefing on February IG developments

Monthly updates on the latest developments in Internet governance. February developments discussed included the European Commission's position on Internet governance, the Brazil and EU initiative on the new submarine cable connection, the ITU's involvement with NETmundial, highlights of the IGF MAG meeting, developments with the ITU WSIS+10 process, emerging threads of Bitcoin, ICANN's High Level Panel and GICGM, the GIP's book launches and the briefing of Geneva missions.

2014-03-10 00:00:00

Internet Governance (Just-in-Time Course)

The briefing for permanent missions based in Geneva presented a just-in-time course on Internet Governance to be delivered by the Geneva Internet Platform (GIP) and DiploFoundation. The course provided knowledge and skills for diplomats who follow Internet-related negotiations and processes (e.g. Internet governance, telecommunications, online human rights, e-commerce, cybersecurity, intellectual property).

2014-03-13 00:00:00

Shaping the digital environment - ensuring our rights on the Internet

The Council of Europe hosted a high level event in Graz to discuss its upcoming Internet Governance Strategy for 2016–2019.

2014-03-13 04:40:24

Session on Cybersurveillance: Geneva International Film Festival and Forum on Human Rights

The International Film Festival and Forum on Human Rights (FIFDH) was inaugurated in 2003. The inspiration and impetus behind it came from human rights defenders active in NGOs, filmmakers, media representatives, and the University of Geneva.

2014-03-14 00:00:00

NTIA announces intent to transition key Internet domain name functions

Currently, the NTIA oversees the performance of the Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA) functions, which include maintaining the registries of global IP addresses and domain names, among other critical parameters. The NTIA also authorises changes in the root zone file (a global Internet ‘address book’), thereby holding a ‘safety-stop mechanism’. This was understood by many as a US decision to relinquish control of the Internet, which coincidentally came soon after the NSA affair, even though the transition has been discussed for many years. Nevertheless, the NTIA was clear that the decision would not mean transitioning the authority to another government or intergovernmental organisation, but rather to a ‘global multistakeholder community’, and has asked ICANN (the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers) - which currently performs the IANA functions - to initiate the transition process that should follow certain principles (including multistakeholder dialogue and maintaining the security, stability, and resilience of the domain name system (DNS)). The transition should be completed before September 2015 when the IANA contract expires; yet the NTIA noted that the contract may be extended for another two years, should more time be needed for a proper transition.

2014-03-14 00:00:00

Release of confidential documents from the Clinton administration

The release of confidential documents from the Clinton administration, including many of Ira Magaziner's files, who was in charge of electronic commerce and deeply involved in setting up ICANN back in 1998. The files related to the history of IG might give a better view of the future of Internet, including the IANA transition.

2014-03-23 00:00:00

ICANN's 49th regular meeting - Singapore

ICANN’s 49th regular meeting was expectedly overwhelmed by discussions about the IANA transition, including the panel of the Non-Commercial Users Constituency (NCUC). The accountability of ICANN, as a separate issue, was also debated. The Government Advisory Committee (GAC), instead of having an easy workload, exploded around the ICANN board’s ‘go-ahead’ decision for .wine and .vin new gTLDs that came just days before the Singapore meeting. The issue of ‘geographical indications’ was raised once again after the .amazon debate held at the Buenos Aires meeting last year, with several European and other countries strongly opposing .wine and .vin approval without discussing special provisions.

2014-03-28 15:00:00

NETmundial: On the path to Brazil (webinar)

Raúl Echeberría, executive director of LACNIC and co-chair of NETmundial’s Executive Multistakeholder Committee, and Rodrigo de la Parra, ICANN's vice-president, Stakeholder Engagement, Latin America and the Caribbean, provided an update on developments in Latin America in the preparation for NETmundial.

2014-04-01 13:00:00

GIP briefing on March IG developments

Monthly updates on the latest developments in Internet governance. The main developments in March included the IANA transition, India's call for a global agency on the Internet, ICANN's High Level Panel, Brazil's legislation on Internet access and rights, ICANN49 Singapore, and Bitcoin dilemmas.

2014-04-08 05:51:55

ICANN publishes draft proposal of the Principles, Mechanisms, and Process

ICANN published a draft proposal and called for public input based on feedback received at ICANN49 in Singapore and through a publicly archived mailing list.

2014-04-08 09:56:39

Official launch of the Geneva Internet Platform

More than 50% of global IG is conducted in Geneva. The Internet Governance Forum (IGF), the main IG umbrella body, is based in Geneva. Telecommunication issues are addressed by the International Telecommunication Union (ITU). For online human rights, there is the UN Human Rights Council. The GIP will add to this vibrant scene by bridging policy silos, strengthening the participation of small and developing countries, monitoring digital policies, and facilitating research for evidence-based IG.

2014-04-08 09:56:39

Facilitating trade in the digital economy

This conference provided an opportunity for business and public administration practitioners to engage in a constructive dialogue on the regulatory and practical issues that arise when paper-based trade and administrative processes are replaced with ICT-facilitated interactions.

2014-04-14 09:56:39

WSIS+10 High-Level Event (4th Preparatory Meeting)

Visit the website for the draft agenda, submissions, and outcome documents

2014-04-23 00:00:00

Final success of Brazil’s Marco Civil da Internet

Brazil’s Marco Civil da Internet outlines the protection of human rights and privacy, and has made provision for global companies, such as Google or Facebook, that are subject to Brazilian law (even though it dropped the provision that would have forced global Internet companies to store data on Brazilian servers inside the country). Most interestingly, it clearly outlines the protection of Net neutrality, adding a heavy weight to the trend of defending this principle by law (along with the Netherlands, Chile, Slovenia, and some others). With its ‘Internet constitution’, Brazil has become a leader in the legal environment for protection of user rights, and has also strengthened its position and credibility ahead of NETmundial.

2014-04-23 00:00:00

GIP exclusive coverage of NETmundial

The NETmundial meeting (Sao Paulo, 23-24 April 2014) focused on crafting IG principles and proposing a roadmap for the further evolution of IG. The Geneva Internet Platform (GIP) provided just-in-time analytical coverage of NETmundial. Follow-up information and analysis are also available.

2014-04-23 09:56:39


The NETmundial meeting (Sao Paulo, 23-24 April 2014) focused on crafting IG principles and proposing a roadmap for the further evolution of IG. The Geneva Internet Platform (GIP) provided just-in-time analytical coverage of NETmundial. Follow-up information and analysis are also available.

2014-04-28 00:00:00

Freedom Online high-level conference: Free and secure Internet for all

The Freedom Online conference took place in Tallinn, focusing on openness and human rights, with an emphasis on the roles and responsibilities of the IT industry.

2014-05-03 00:00:00

Report of ICANN’s High-Level Panel on Global Internet Cooperation and Governance Mechanisms

The final meeting (Dubai) and report of ICANN’s High-Level Panel on Global Internet Cooperation and Governance Mechanisms focused on evolving and globalising the current IG framework.

2014-05-06 13:00:00

GIP briefing on April IG developments

Monthly updates on the latest developments in IG. In April, these included Net neutrality and the European Parliament's regulation on the Single Telecoms Market; the IANA transition; NETmundial, its main outcomes and the expected follow-up; the outcomes of the World Telecommunication's Development conference; the Freedom Online conference; and the official launch of the GIP.

2014-05-07 00:00:00

Meeting of the CSTD Working Group on Enhanced Cooperation

The additional meeting of the CSTD Working Group on Enhanced Cooperation in Geneva ended with a stalemate on ‘roles and responsibilities’ of stakeholders.

2014-05-12 00:00:00

17th Annual Session of the CSTD

The 17th annual session discussed and prepared a draft resolution on assessment of the progress made in the implementation of and follow-up to the outcomes of the World Summit on the Information Society (WSIS) and a draft resolution on science, technology and innovation for development.

2014-05-13 00:00:00

ECJ landmark decision on the 'right to be forgotten'

The European Court of Justice ruled that Google has to amend search results to exclude ‘outdated’ and ‘irrelevant’ personal data – a case referred to as the 'Right to be forgotten'.

2014-05-14 00:00:00

Peacetime regime for state activities in cyberspace

Taking a multidisciplinary approach, the publication covers the technical, legal, policy, and diplomacy aspects of state activities in cyberspace during peacetime. It consists of 23 chapters of an academic nature, elaborated by 24 authors specialising in their respective areas of expertise.

2014-05-15 00:00:00

Diplomatic reporting in the Internet era

Close to 100 international meetings, negotiations, and discussions are held every working day in Geneva, attended by diplomats, experts, and representatives of civil society, and business people who must report back to their governments, organisations, or companies. The volume of person-hours and reporting is enormous. This workshop aimed to increase the quality and efficiency of such reporting and help communities and individuals worldwide to follow Geneva-based meetings and negotiations.

2014-05-19 00:00:00

2nd annual meeting of the IGF Multistakeholder Advisory Group (MAG)

The second annual meeting of the IGF MAG took place in Paris to prepare the programme for the 9th IGF in Istanbul in September. It (re)opened discussions on producing more tangible outcomes from the IGF, in the form of a Chairman’s Summary, best practices, or even an outcome document developed following an (improved) NETmundial model.

2014-05-27 00:00:00

The Stockholm Internet Forum of Internet Freedoms

The Stockholm Internet Forum of Internet Freedoms focused strongly on discussing whether or not surveillance is an Internet governance issue.

2014-05-28 00:00:00

ITU’s Open Consultation meeting for the WSIS+10 High Level Event

The ITU’s Open Consultation meeting in Geneva for the WSIS+10 High Level Event, Geneva focused on drafting the WSIS+10 output documents.

2014-06-03 13:00:00

GIP briefing on May developments

Monthly updates on the latest developments in IG. May developments included ICANN and disagreements over domain names, Net neutrality, the Right to be forgotten established by the European Court of Justice, ICANN's panel on Global Internet Cooperation and Governance Mechanisms, and repositioning of main IG actors in response to recent events and developments.

2014-06-06 05:51:55

ICANN publishes Final Process and Call for Formation of Coordination Group

Following a month-long call for input on the community-driven draft proposal, ICANN posted the Process to Develop the Proposal and Next Steps.

2014-06-10 00:00:00

WSIS+10 High Level Event

The agenda and programme for the WSIS+10 High-Level Event (held in Geneva) were built on the basis of official submissions received during the open consultation process. he Event built on two tracks: the High-Level Track, consisting of formal statements, handing over of prizes, and endorsement of the Outcome Documents, and the Forum Track. Two outcome documents were endorsed: The WSIS+10 Statement on Implementation of WSIS Outcomes and the WSIS+10 Vision for WSIS Beyond 2015.

2014-06-12 00:00:00

EuroDIG Berlin

The Pan-European dialogue on Internet governance (EuroDIG) is an open platform for informal and inclusive discussion and exchange on public policy issues related to IG between stakeholders from all over Europe. The 2014 meeting released its annual messages 'Digital society at stake – Europe and the future of the Internet'.

2014-06-12 00:00:00

The role of governments in Internet governance

Following on from the NETmundial conference in Brazil and anticipating major governance events later in the year - including the 2014 IGF and the ITU Plenipotentiary - this briefing for Geneva-based Missions provided an opportunity to discuss the future of IG and the role of governments in IG arrangements. The event is organised in co-operation with ISOC within the Geneva Internet Platform, an initiative of the Swiss authorities operated by DiploFoundation.

2014-06-13 12:30:00

Bitcoin and other cryptocurrencies

The discussion on Bitcoin and digital currencies, including security and privacy issues, is quickly gaining ground. But what are digital currencies, and how do they work? What is the value of this ‘digital money’ and the economic impact? Most importantly, how secure and private are these transactions, and what is the role of cryptography in them? The discussion was led by Diplo director Dr Jovan Kurbalija and moderated by Diplo's technical director Dejan Dincic, with the participation of special guests.

2014-06-18 04:40:24

Internet as a critical resource for Pacific Island states

A roundtable organised in the framework of the Capacity Development Programme in Multilateral Diplomacy for Pacific Island States (CD Pacific), run by DiploFoundation and the Geneva Internet Platform, an initiative of the Swiss authorities operated by DiploFoundation was designed to complement the 2014 UN International Year of Small Island Developing States.

2014-06-22 01:28:57

ICANN 50th regular meeting - London

The need to improve ICANN’s accountability was a major theme as was the IANA transition.

2014-06-30 00:00:00

From the telegraph to Twitter

The Geneva Internet Platform (GIP) hosted a luncheon seminar entitled ´From the telegraph to Twitter: Is there a lesson for the Internet era from the Telegraph and the outbreak of the First World War?´, in partnership with the Austrian and the Serbian Permanent Missions to the UN.

2014-06-30 13:00:00

GIP briefing on June IG developments

Net neutrality is back. Three years after our first IG webinar – and the start of what is now a regular monthly IG webinar series taking place in the last week of each month – we re-visited the topic again. The discussion focus, however, has moved from ‘defining Net neutrality’ to some emerging challenges such as new infrastructure, market and policy developments, and ‘specialised services’.

2014-07-03 05:51:55

Members of the Coordination Group Announced

The Coordination Group is comprised of individuals nominated by each represented community. These 27 individuals represent 13 communities of both direct and indirect stakeholders.

2014-07-15 06:20:03

'It is about digital, stupid' - the main message from J-C Junker's policy speech

'It is about digital, stupid’ is the main message from Jean-Claude Juncker, the new president of the European Commission. In the Policy Guidelines for the EC delivered at the European Parliament (15 July 2014), Juncker outlined the EU’s digital policy, focusing mainly on digital data, the oil of the modern economy. The first test of the EC’s approach will come soon in 2015, when key decisions on IG will have to be made (the data protection regime, the future of ICANN, the WSIS process).

2014-08-26 13:00:00

The invention of the telegraph and the golden age in the history of diplomacy

The Congress of Vienna laid the foundation for modern diplomacy – including the introduction of diplomatic precedent and diplomatic ranks. During this period, structural developments took place in both communication and diplomacy. Communication inventions became part of daily life, gradually becoming integrated into global telecommunication networks. The key technological invention was the telegraph, which, for the first time in human history, effectively detached communication from transportation. This advanced diplomacy webinar was part of a series on the evolution of technology and diplomacy.

2014-08-27 05:51:55

ICG Publishes Group Charter

The IANA Stewardship Transition Coordination Group finalized and published the group's charter

2014-08-28 06:20:03

Launch of the NETMundial initiative

The NETMundial initiative was officially launched at the World Economic Forum (WEF) in Geneva. It is a joint initiative of the Brazilian Internet Steering Committee, WEF, and ICANN. Questions remain as to what kind of purpose and activity the initiative would have and (how) it can build on the NETmundial legacy and legitimacy; the most disputed question is how it should be institutionalised as a process. During the same event in Geneva, Klaus Schwab, WEF Founder and Executive Chairman, referred to the Internet as a global public good; this was the first time the business-driven community took such a clear and vocal position.

2014-09-02 06:20:03

9th Annual meeting of the IGF - Istanbul

The overarching theme for the meeting was Connecting Continents for Enhanced Multistakeholder Internet Governance. The Chair’s Summary gives the traditional summary of the proceedings, but individual reports and commentary give more detail and analysis.

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