The Scientific Revolution

Regarding the stories that have a "Find out more" tab:;xNLx;For each story that has the tab, the link embedded is the source of the information in that story. ;xNLx;If a story does not have the tab, the information is from "The Scientific Revolution" class at Vanderbilt University taught by Ole Molvig.

1489-02-22 18:53:00

Marsilio Ficino

A priest supported by the Medici Court that translated and revived Plato's works. He also saw no discrepancy between Christianity and astrology and began to show the new study's practical uses.

1492-01-01 00:00:00

Christopher Columbus

Columbus sailed the ocean blue.

1494-12-26 20:49:57

Giovanni Pico della Mirandola

Giovanni Pico della Mirandola disagrees with practical magic, especially astrology.

1503-02-22 18:53:00

House of Trade

House of Trade in Seville, Spain was a deciding ground for how discoveries of the New World would be classified. The House of Trade was economic trading post.

1518-02-22 18:53:00

The London College of Physicians

The London College of Physicians is started as an academic society.

1522-02-22 18:53:00

Ferdinand Magellan

Ferdinand Magellan famously completes the first circumnavigation of the globe.

1543-02-22 18:53:00

Vesalius

Andreas Vesalius defies ancient scholar Galen in "De fabrica" (On the Fabric of the Human Body).

1543-02-22 18:53:00

Copernicus

Copernicus' heliocentric theory' is publicized in De Revolutionibus Orbium Coelestium (On the Revolutions of the Celestial Spheres). The idea of diurnal motion was also presented and this had a major impact on society.

1572-02-19 08:57:46

New Curiosities

In 1572 a dragon was said to have been found outside Bologna, and the Pope agreed. New Cabinets of Curiosities were formed for the new field of Natural History. These cabinets were like museums showing the diversity of life.

1572-02-22 18:53:00

Tycho's Star

'Tycho's Star' or the 'Star of 1572' was a dramatic supernova and the talk of Europe.

1573-02-22 18:53:00

Emergence of Tycho

Tycho published "De nova stella."

1576-02-22 18:53:00

Tycho's Fortress

In this year construction began on the observatory made famous by Tycho Brahe. Uraniborg, the 'Fortress of the Heavens' was where he made observations and collected astronomical data.

1582-12-29 04:39:52

Christopher Clavius

Clavius opposed the Copernican universe on scriptural grounds. He was the leading mathematician of the Jesuits and was interpreted as a modern day Euclid.

1596-02-22 18:53:00

Kepler's Debut

Johannes Kepler's 'Cosmographic Mystery' had a Copernican worldview combining mathematical astronomy, physics, and religion for a new astronomy.

1596-12-29 04:39:52

Platonic Solids

In Kepler's "Mysterium Cosmographicum" he proposed that the universe contained five platonic solids making up the relationships between the planets.

1600-02-19 08:57:46

William Gilbert

Gilbert wrote "De Magnete" about what was known about magnetism and how it related to the diurnal motion of the Earth.

1600-02-22 18:53:00

Giordano Bruno

"It is often maintained that Bruno was executed because of his Copernicanism and his belief in the infinity of inhabited worlds." He was burned at the stake for being heretic.

1603-02-22 18:53:00

Kepler and the Pope

Johannes Kepler becomes the Imperial Mathematician under Rudolph II.

1609-02-22 18:53:00

Galileo

Galileo Galilei constructs his first telescope.

1609-02-22 18:53:00

New Astronomy

Johannes Kepler publishes "Astronomia nova" (New Astronomy).

1610-02-22 18:53:00

Starry Messenger

Galileo Galilei publishes his telescopic findings with subtle Copernican twists. Among his observations, Galileo argues there are innumerable stars invisible to the naked eye, mountains on the Moon (which he eventually measures), and four moons circling Jupiter.

1615-12-29 04:39:52

Letter to the Grand Duchess

Galileo Galilei writes letter to Grand Duchess Christina explaining his view about the cooperativeness of the Church and Science.

1616-02-22 18:53:00

The Warning

Galileo is warned by the Inquisition not to hold or defend the hypothesis asserted in Copernicus' "On the Revolutions"

1623-02-22 18:53:00

The Assayer

"Galileo publishes his strategic essay, The Assayer where he argues against Aristotle and the Scholastics in favor of mathematical and experimental methods." Galileo said one cannot understand the universe without Mathematics.

1626-02-22 18:53:00

Francis Bacon

"In his "New Atlantis" Francis Bacon presented an idealized institution of learning based on collaborative research for the common good."

1627-12-29 04:39:52

Rudolphine Tables

The Rudolphine Tables were finally published as Tycho Brahe's dying wish that was carried out by Johannes Kepler. It provided the most accurate astronomical tables up to that time.

1632-02-22 18:53:00

The Dialogue

Galileo's "Dialogue Concerning the Two Chief World Systems" was published.

1633-02-22 18:53:00

the Inquisition

Galileo is called before the Inquisition in Rome. He is suspected of heresy for supporting the teachings of Copernicus. After he confessed, Galileo was placed under house arrest for the remainder of his life. The "Dialogue on the Two Chief World Systems" was placed on the Index of Prohibited Books.

1644-04-14 13:06:16

Descartes

"René Descartes' 'Principles of Philosophy' supplies arguments for the Mechanical Philosophy, most notably that the Universe is filled with uniform matter and united across space and time by uniform principles of motion and hence mechanical forms (contact, impact, pressure) of causation."

1651-04-14 13:06:16

Hobbes

"A self-described student of geometry, atomism, and optics, Thomas Hobbes published his classic work on political theory, 'The Leviathan', which seems to have reflected notions evident in his study of natural phenomena, most notably mechanistic concepts relating to physiology and sensation."

1662-02-22 18:53:00

Royal Society

The Royal Society of London is established by royal charter.

1669-02-22 18:53:00

Newton's telescope

Isaac Newton builds his first reflecting telescope; the design, which includes an eyepiece and a concave mirror, is known today as 'Newtonian'.

1672-02-22 18:53:00

White Light

In his first major publication, Isaac Newton produced an experiment that proved white light was not one cohesive stream of white, but instead that it was mixed lights of all colors.

1684-02-22 18:53:00

Leibniz

In mathematics, Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz publishes his first paper which explained different notations of calculus of infinitesimals that we use today.

1687-02-22 18:53:00

Newton's peak

Isaac Newton's "Mathematical Principles of Natural Philosophy" starts to explain what has come to be known as classical mechanics. Newton established three 'laws of motion' and the principle of universal gravitation.

The Scientific Revolution

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