Holocaust Memorial Berlin

Holocaust Memorial Berlin

1989-01-01 00:00:00

proposal for the creation of a memorial

In August 1988 Journalist Lea Rosh proposes the idea of the memorial for the murdered jews of Europe and that it should be built on the former grounds of the Gestapo in the Kreuzberg district of Berlin. And in January 1989, together with Historian Eberhard Jäckel it was published to the citizens. They were also supported by Willy Brandt and Günter Grass.

1989-11-10 00:00:00

The Fall of the Berlin Wall

1990-02-01 00:00:00

possible location is proposed

The »Association for the Memorial to the Murdered Jews of Europe« proposes a location in an area north of the site of the Reich Chancellery in the former Ministerial Gardens.

1992-04-01 00:00:00

Chancellor Helmut Kohl expresses his support for memorial

He also declares that it is prepared to provide a portion of the grounds of the former Ministerial Gardens as a site.

1995-03-01 00:00:00

Competition for the Memorial

In a public artistic competition, 528 proposals are submitted. The jury headed by Walter Jens recommends the awarding of two first prizes: to Simon Ungers (Cologne/New York) and Christine Jackob-Marks, Hella Rolfes, Hans Scheib and Reinhard Stangl (Berlin). Federal Chancellor Helmut Kohl expresses his dissatisfaction with the recommendations.

1997-06-01 00:00:00

A new, more narrow competition

Experts decided for a new competition after theirs discussion on the project and its location in a three-stage colloquium. These matters were considered controversial, where the supporters of the memorial agree to adhere to the original concept at the agreed-upon location (Ministerial Gardens). In the new competition 25 architects and sculptors, some internationally renowned, are invited.

1997-11-01 00:00:00

Approval of two designs

Approval to the designs by Peter Eisenman/Richard Serra (New York) and Gesine Weinmiller (Berlin) by the commission.

1998-01-01 00:00:00

Public Debates on the projects

The design by Eisenman/Serra emerges as the clear favorite and Chancellor Helmut Kohl suggests the design to be revised.

1998-07-05 00:00:00

Changes made to original proposal (»Eisenman II«)

The original 4,000 concrete blocks in the original proposal were reduced to 2,711 concrete blocks. The blocks were also shortened and trees were added to the site. After this first round of changes Richard Serra no longer wanted his name on the memorial and withdrew from the project.

1998-12-01 00:00:00

Arguement for a combination of the Memorial with a library and a research centre

The new State Minister for Culture and the Media, Michael Naumann, argues for the concept of this addition, and together with the architect Peter Eisenman presents a new modified design for this (»Eisenman III«).

1999-06-25 00:00:00

addition of an information centre

After several hearings and exhibitions, the Bundestag decides to build a Memorial to the Murdered Jews according to the design of the Field of Stelae by Peter Eisenman (»Eisenman II«) on the site designated. It is to be supplemented by an »Information Centre« on the victims honoured and the authentic sites of memorialization. A foundation is created for implementing the decision of the Bundestag.

2000-01-27 00:00:00

Beginning of construction

2000-03-10 00:00:00

Sibylle Quack selected as Executive Director

The Board of Trustees of the newly created »Foundation Memorial to the Murdered Jews of Europe«, headed by Bundestag President Wolfgang Thierse, selects the political scientist Professor Sibylle Quack as Executive Director.

2000-11-18 00:00:00

Bundestag sets a budget

The Bundestag approves the sum of 25.3 million Euro for the construction of the memorial and 2.3 million Euro for the exhibition building and the initial equipping of the Information Centre

2001-01-08 00:00:00

Dagmar von Wilcken set in charge for design

Dagmar von Wilcken was set in charge for the design of the Information Centre by the Foundation

2003-04-01 00:00:00

Construction of the Memorial begins and an information point is erected.

2003-10-01 00:00:00

graffiti-proof coating by Degussa

It was discovered that Degussa, who won the contract to cover the pillars with the graffiti-proof coating, was connected with the Nazi's during World War II. They apparently supplied gas for the murder chambers. Degussa had once been part of Degesch, a company that supplied Zyklon B to many Nazi Concentration camps. After the submission of a detailed examination report, the Board decides in November that the construction of the Memorial using Degussa products will continue.

2003-11-01 00:00:00

The Youth Webpage of the Foundation »Children and Youth as victims of the Nazi Crimes« sets up on internet

2004-03-03 00:00:00

Dr. Hans-Erhard Haverkampf assumes the position of Executive Director, after Professor Sibylle Quack resigns

2004-10-13 00:00:00

Start of exhibition installation

2004-12-15 00:00:00

last of the 2,711 stelae in place

Public ceremony to put the last of the 2,711 stelae in place.

2005-05-10 00:00:00

Official opening of the Memorial

1.200 national and international visitors

2006-02-15 00:00:00

Peter Eisenman is given the prize of the US Magazine »Travel and Leisure«

2006-11-03 00:00:00

Eisenman's Field of Stelae receives one of the seven awards of the »Architecture Prize Berlin«.

Holocaust Memorial Berlin

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