Timeline of Occupy Central with Love and Peace (OCLP)

OCLP is a democracy movement inspired by the philosophy of nonviolence to demand a fully democratic government with genuine choices for voters in Hong Kong. This is a timeline of key events since the launching of OCLP.

2013-01-16 10:00:33

Benny Tai's "Debut"

Benny Tai put forward a proposal of a nonviolent direct action campaign to occupy Central as a means to achieve genuine universal suffrage on HKEJ.

2013-01-22 10:00:33

Interview: "The Bomb of Civil Disobedience"

Independent online news InMedia reporter interviewed Benny Tai about his proposal. The article gained citywide attention.

2013-02-03 10:00:42

"Occupy Central: Conversation Series"

Mingpao Sunday interviewed Benny Tai and published 11 subsequent interviews of Tai with other public figures in a conversation series.

2013-03-06 10:00:42

CPPCC Chairman said HK must be Patriotic

Chairman Yu Zhengsheng accused pan-democrats for trying to subvert the mainland’s political order and said the HK Government must "love the nation and love Hong Kong."

2013-03-12 10:00:42

HKSARG Presentation at UNHRC Hearing in Geneva

This concerned HK's implementation of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR). Pan-democrats participated as observers to ensure their views were heard. However, Beijing did not ratify the ICCPR and hence is not subject to similar scrutiny.

2013-03-28 10:00:42

First Press Conference

Benny Tai, Chan Kin-Man and Reverend Chu hosted the first OCLP press conference to announce the launch of OCLP and manifesto.

2013-03-28 10:00:42

Engagement with Civil Society

OCLP organizers engage the public in talks and discussions on deliberative democracy and civil society.

2013-03-29 10:00:42

Global Times and CCP Mouthpieces' Attack Began

Global Times condemns pan-democrats for mobilizing anti-China forces and committing "economic suicide" and "political gamble," marking the beginning of its zealous smearing campaign against OCLP.

2013-06-09 10:00:42

First Deliberation Day

700 attended OCLP's first deliberation day to discuss challenges facing HK's democracy and civil disobedience movement.

2013-07-01 10:00:33

Pro-democracy Rally

430k rallied to demand full democracy with genuine choices of CE candidates.

2013-07-05 23:00:42

DAB: 1967 Riots were the "real acts of civil disobedience"

3 DAB-dominated Kuks passed anti-OCLP motion. DAB member Lam Chuen said the riots in May 6, 2067 were the "real acts of civil disobedience."

2013-07-08 23:00:42

Arthur Li met with Universities' Heads

Arthur Li warned heads of universities against using public money to bail out students. Johannes Chan, HKU Law Dean, said students are the conscience of society; their diverse voices and ideals should be accepted. Chan criticized Li for stepping up repressive measures against students.

2013-07-09 23:00:42

ProBJ group distributed leaflets as Benny Tai gave school talk

Scholarism spokesperson said Hepp Yunn School did an admirable act of allowing discussions of OCLP to take place in school.

2013-08-20 23:00:42

Forum: OCLP VS The Silent Majority

Benny Tai debated with Robert Chow at a forum organized by pro-Beijing organizations.

2013-09-29 10:00:42

Deliberation Day: Designing Chief Exeuctive Election

Participants discussed and designed CE nomination process options.

2013-10-05 10:00:42

Deliberation Series:

Through a series of deliberations among different organizations from a wide cross-section of society, OCLP aimed at cultivating a culture of deliberative democracy and civic engagement. Participants carry out discussions on democracy and a variety of issues that concern them, under the guidance of trained volunteer facilitators from OCLP. Everyone deserves a voice; we create a space for it to be heard.

2013-10-28 10:00:42

OCLP Hit the Streets

The first booth was set up in Causeway Bay. Street canvassing continued throughout the campaign to engage the public in direct dialogues on democracy.

2013-11-17 10:00:42

Soiree #1: Films and Democracy

Speakers: Director Shu Kei, Chan Kin-man

2013-12-31 10:00:42

Pro-democracy Rally

30000 rallied to demand an inclusive, fair and open Chief Executive nomination system.

2014-01-01 10:00:42

Trial Run: Civil Referendum

62,196 participated in the trial run of voting regarding CE nomination process. Results were submitted to HKSARG.

2014-01-18 10:00:42

Soiree #2: Literature and Resistance

Speakers: Audrey Eu, Chan King-fai

2014-02-16 10:00:42

Soiree #3: Press Freedom

Speakers: Joseph Tse, Allan Au, Leung Man-tao

2014-02-23 10:00:42

Rally to Protect Press Freedom

As threats to freedom of the press intensified, HK Journalists' Association led a rally to call for greater protection of media freedom.

2014-03-02 10:00:42

Anti-violence Rally

13000 took to the streets to demand justice and condemn violence against Ming Pao's chief editor Kevin Lau.

2014-03-09 10:00:42

Deliberation Days: Concluding Remarks

1500 attended the 2nd Deliberation Day to share insights and exchange knowledge discussed in small group deliberations over past months.

2014-03-09 10:00:42

State Council Information Office Released White Paper on HK

The white paper reinterpreted the Basic Law and asserted that HK's leader must be patriotic. The document infuriated many HK citizens.

2014-03-21 10:00:42

In Solidarity with Sunflower Movement

OCLP stood in solidarity with the Sunflower protesters. It was deeply inspired by their determination and peaceful act of civil disobedience.

2014-03-23 10:00:42

Volunteer Kick-off Meeting

OCLP volunteers pledged to fight for full democracy with fair and open elections through acts of nonviolent civil disobedience.

2014-03-29 10:00:42

Soiree #4: Media and Civil Society

Speakers: Margaret Ng, Vivian Tam

2014-03-30 10:00:42

Nonviolence Workshop

OCLP organized the first public nonviolence training.

2014-05-06 10:00:42

Constitutional Reform Deliberation Day

2500 attended the final deliberation day and voted for their favorite CE nomination proposals. All top 3 proposals advocated for civil nomination. The 3 proposals were then put forth for voting in the citywide civil referendum in June.

2014-05-18 23:00:42

Soiree #5: Central and the Finance Industry

Speakers: Jenny Ng, Edward Chin

2014-06-07 10:00:42

Debate: Top 3 Proposals

Organizers that put forth the top 3 proposals had an open debate.

2014-06-14 10:00:33

Democracy Walkathon

Led by Cardinal Zen, pro-democracy supporters walked around Hong Kong 24hours/day for 7 days to call on the public to vote in the referendum.

2014-06-16 10:00:42

DDoS attacks on Online Referendum Site

Unprecedented levels of DDoS attack paralyzed OCLP's online referendum site. Cloudflare diligently worked to combat the cyber-attacks. Given the unimaginable scale and duration of the attack, experts speculated the attacks were likely sponsored by the Chinese government.

2014-06-16 10:00:42

Civil Referendum

800k participated in the referendum to express their desire for full democracy. An overwhelming majority refused to "pocket fake democracy first."

2014-06-16 23:00:42

HSBC & Standard Chartered pulled ads from Apple Daily

HSBC and Standard Chartered pulled millions of dollars worth of advertising from Apple Daily upon pressure from the CCP.

2014-07-01 10:00:42

Pro-democracy Rally

500,000+ protesters took to the street on the 17th anniversary of HK's handover to China, to demand a fully democratic and accountable government.

2014-07-01 23:00:42

Chater Road Sit-in & Arrests

After the rally, protesters performed overnight sit-in on Chater Road until 8am. Police began arrest at 2:45am but failed to finish clearing the site before 8am. 511 protesters were arrested. The peaceful sit-in received positive responses from the public.

2014-07-20 23:00:42

Anti-OCLP Campaign

Pro-Beijing camp and CCP front organizations launched a full-scale smearing and propaganda campaign. High-profile officials of HK government endorsing the campaign raised controversies. Important questions left unanswered include the sources of finance behind the systematic, expensive propaganda campaign.

2014-07-29 10:00:42

OCLP Organizers Met with Chief Secretary Carrie Lam

The organizers submitted June 20-29 referendum results and recommendations on political reforms. However, the Chief Secretary only asked the organizers to give up their civil disobedience plans and refused to discuss political reform issues.

2014-07-29 10:00:42

HKSARG Sent Public Consultation Report to Beijing

The report, summarizing results from a 5-month public consultation process, downplayed popular demands for full democracy by making vague claims and referencing suspicious consultation forms. The disappointing report left many wondering: Why did the government even bother to "consult" the public?

2014-07-31 10:00:33

18 Sit-in Protesters Refused to Renew Bail

18 of the 25 protesters on bail after arrested at July 1 sit-in refused to renew bail. The police later released them "unconditionally," but added that they reserved the right to charge any protesters in the future.

2014-08-24 10:00:42

Hike for Democracy

"I lift up my eyes to the mountains."

2014-08-31 23:00:42

NPC Handed Down Decision Over HK's Electoral Reform

China breached the international agreement it signed on 30 years ago in the eyes of the world. Will world leaders who claim to promote democracy act?

2014-08-31 23:00:42

Pro-democracy Demonstration In Defiance of Beijing

OCLP, Alliance for True Democracy, HK Federation of Students, Scholarism, Civic Human Rights Front and Democratic Party pledged an era of resistance.

2014-09-02 10:00:42

Consuls in Hong Kong Wined and Dined with Beijing Officials

Beijing warned consul generals about Hong Kong's pro-democracy movement.

2014-09-07 10:00:42

Democrats Held Nonviolent Direct Action Training

Democrats held NVDA training workshop which includes rehearsals involving water cannons.

2014-09-09 10:00:42

Shave for Democracy

OCLP organizers and supporters will be shaving their heads to symbolize their vows to fight against NPC ruling.

2014-09-22 23:00:42

Citywide Student Strike Begins

University and secondary school students will begin a citywide students' strike.

Timeline of Occupy Central with Love and Peace (OCLP)

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