West Atlanta Timeline

This timeline tells the story about events, policies, and laws that impacted and shaped the Westside Atlanta community.

If you are interested in sharing stories and information about any of these events or if you notice events that are not included, please [Contact Us](http://communitieswhoknow.com/Home/historic_contact.html)

1866-01-01 00:00:00

Founding of Atlanta University

The first institution of higher education in the City of Atlanta

1894-01-01 00:00:00

West End officially becomes part of Atlanta

1895-09-18 00:00:00

"Atlanta Compromise" Speech

"In all things that are purely social we can be as separate as the finger yet one as the hand in all things essential to mutual progress," - Booker T. Washington at the Atlanta Cotton States and International Exposition.

1895-09-18 00:00:00

Formation of the Washing Society

A trade union for African American laundresses who launched in 1881 the Washerwomen's Strike

1917-03-21 00:00:00

Great Atlanta Fire

Occurred in the Fourth Ward. Destroyed 1,938 buildings and left more than 10,000 people homeless.

1917-03-21 00:00:00

Chartering of the Carrie Steele Pitts Orphanage

The first in the City of Atlanta

1917-03-21 00:00:00

Founding of the Neighborhood Union

Founded by Lugenia Burns Hope and other African American women leaders and activists.

1919-08-01 00:00:00

Commission on Interraccial Cooperation formed

Formed in response to increased tensions between white and black American soldiers returning from World War I.

1919-08-01 00:00:00

Founding of Washington Park

The first public park in the City of Atlanta

1924-09-01 00:00:00

Booker T. Washington School Opens

1927-07-01 00:00:00

West End Businessmen's Association formed

1929-04-01 00:00:00

Atlanta University Center created

Original schools included Atlanta University, Spelman College, and Morehouse College

1934-06-28 00:00:00

National Housing Act

Established the Federal Housing Administration. Pub.L. 84–345, 48 Stat. 847

1935-07-01 00:00:00

"Residential Security Maps" drawn

1937-07-01 00:00:00

Mayor Hartsfield

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1938-07-01 00:00:00

University Homes Built

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1941-07-01 00:00:00

Eagan and Herndon Homes built

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1942-07-01 00:00:00

Annexation of white Buckhead

1944-04-03 00:00:00

Smith vs. Allright

Supreme Court decision declaring white primaries unconstitutional

1944-07-01 00:00:00

Southern Regional Council (SRC) formed

Formed "to attain through reserach and action the ideals and practices of equal opportunity for all peoples of the region."

1945-02-01 00:00:00

Georgia abolishes poll tax

1945-08-01 00:00:00

Georgia lowers voting age from 21 to 18

1945-10-01 00:00:00

Protest against Atlanta's refusal to hire Black policemen

1945-10-12 00:00:00

King vs Chapman

Supreme Court rules that Georgia white primaries are illegal

1946-07-01 00:00:00

Temporary Coordinating Committee on Housing formed

1947-07-01 00:00:00

Paschal's Restaurant opens

"Unofficial headquarters" of the Civil Rights

1948-04-30 00:00:00

Atlanta hires first Black policemen

Officers Claude Dixon, Henry Hooks, Johnnie Jones, Ernest Lyons, Robert McKibbens, John Sanders, Willard Strickland and Willie Elkins

1949-06-02 00:00:00

Housing Act: The Urban Renewal Program Tile I

1949-07-07 00:00:00

Atlanta Negro Voters League established

1949-10-03 00:00:00

WERD Established

First radio station owned and operated by African Americans. Located on Auburn Avenue

1951-07-01 00:00:00

English Avenue Elementary school designation changed from White to Black

1951-07-01 00:00:00

Georgia League of Negro Women Voters established

1952-07-01 00:00:00

West Side Development Committee established

1953-07-01 00:00:00

Rufus E. Clement elected to serve on the Atlanta Board of Education

Rufus E. Clement became the first African American to serve on the Atlanta School Board.

1954-05-17 00:00:00

Brown vs. Board of Education

In this milestone decision, the Supreme Court ruled that separating children in public schools on the basis of race was unconstitutional. It signaled the end of legalized racial segregation in the schools of the United States, overruling the "separate but equal" principle set forth in the 1896 Plessy v. Ferguson case.

1954-05-21 00:00:00

"The Atlanta Declaration" issued

Created by the NAACP to call for the school boards to implement Brown vs. Board of Education

1954-07-01 00:00:00

Housing Act Title III passed

1954-11-02 00:00:00

Georgia Governor given power to close desegregated schools

Done so with a Georgia Constitutional Amendment. Also allowed for government subsidies to students attending private school

1955-07-01 00:00:00

Mayor Hartsfield calls for investigation of NAACP

Mayor Hartsfield solicits U.S. House of Representatives Committee on Un-American Activities to probe NAACP

1955-11-07 00:00:00

Public golf courses desegregated

After a U.S. Supreme Court ruling, Atlanta is ordered to desegregate public golf courses.

1955-12-12 00:00:00

Ivey Report issued

1956-07-01 00:00:00

Auburn Avenue called "the richest Negro street in the world"

Quote from Fortune Magazine

1956-07-01 00:00:00

Highway Act passed

1956-07-01 00:00:00

Harris Homes built

1956-07-01 00:00:00

Bills pass to provide for private schools and close integrated public schools

Passed by the Georgia General Assembly

1956-07-01 00:00:00

Atlanta Public School divided into 6 areas

Each area controlled by its own superintendent

1957-01-01 00:00:00

Atlanta Board of Education gains power to levy taxes for educational purposes

1957-07-01 00:00:00

Interstate 20 built

1957-07-01 00:00:00

Clark College and Morris Brown College join AUC

1957-07-01 00:00:00

The Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC) established

West Atlanta Timeline

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