# Biographies of Women Mathematicians

## An on-going project at Agnes Scott College in Atlanta, Georgia, to illustrate the numerous achievements of women in the field of mathematics. Created by Larry Riddle, Department of Mathematics

#### 1706-12-17 00:00:00

### Emilie du Châtelet

French mathematician, physicist, and author

#### 1718-05-16 00:00:00

### Maria Gaetana Agnesi

Wrote first book discussing both differential and integral calculus

#### 1750-03-16 00:00:00

### Caroline Herschel

A prominent observational astronomer

#### 1776-04-01 00:00:00

### Sophie Germain

Worked on number theory and Fermat's Last Theorem

#### 1780-12-26 00:00:00

### Mary Fairfax Somerville

A Scottish science writer, mathematician and astronomer

#### 1815-12-10 00:00:00

### Ada Byron, Lady Lovelace

Often described as the world's first computer programmer

#### 1820-05-12 00:00:00

### Florence Nightingale

A pioneer in the use of descriptive statistics

#### 1832-04-01 00:00:00

### Mary Everest Boole

Self-taught mathematician and progressive educator

#### 1842-03-23 00:00:00

### Susan Jane Cunningham

Contributed to the development of math dept at Swarthmore College

#### 1847-12-01 00:00:00

### Christine Ladd-Franklin

Worked in the area of symbolic logic and color vision

#### 1850-01-15 00:00:00

### Sonya Kovalevskaya

First woman to be awarded a doctorate degree in mathematics

#### 1851-09-23 00:00:00

### Ellen Amanda Hayes

Math professor at Wellesley College and an ardent Socialist

#### 1857-08-26 00:00:00

### Ida Martha Metcalf

Second American woman to earn a Ph.D. in mathematics

#### 1858-06-08 00:00:00

### Charlotte Angas Scott

FIrst English woman to obtain a doctorate in mathematics

#### 1858-08-10 00:00:00

### Anna Haywood Cooper

Author, educator, and prominent African-American scholar

#### 1862-09-24 00:00:00

### Winifred Edgerton Merrill

FIrst American woman to receive a Ph.D. in mathematics

#### 1868-03-15 00:00:00

### Grace Chisholm Young

The first woman to officially receive a math Ph.D. in Germany

#### 1869-08-07 00:00:00

### Mary Frances Winston Newson

First US woman to receive a math Ph.D. from a European university

#### 1873-11-25 00:00:00

### Anna Irwin Young

Beloved math professor at Agnes Scott College

#### 1881-02-01 00:00:00

### Mayme Logsdon

First faculty math professor at the University of Chicago

#### 1882-03-23 00:00:00

### Emmy Noether

One of the greatest algebraists of the 20th century

#### 1883-02-10 00:00:00

### Edith Clarke

First woman elected to the Amer. Inst. of Electrical Engineers

#### 1883-05-05 00:00:00

### Anna Johnson Pell Wheeler

First woman to give the Colloquium Lectures at the AMS meetings

#### 1889-07-24 00:00:00

### Agnes Meyer Driscoll

The first lady of naval cryptology

#### 1890-09-11 00:00:00

### Euphemia Lofton Haynes

First African-American woman to earn a Ph.D. in mathematics

#### 1893-09-28 00:00:00

### Hilda Geiringer von Mises

A pioneering applied mathematician

#### 1894-04-09 00:00:00

### Cecilia Krieger

First woman to earn a math Ph.D. from a Canadian University

#### 1897-02-02 00:00:00

### Gertrude Blanch

A pioneer in numerical analysis and computation

#### 1900-01-13 00:00:00

### Gertrude Mary Cox

A leader in the promotion of modern statistical methods

#### 1900-12-17 00:00:00

### Mary Lucy Cartwright

One of the early founders of chaos theory

#### 1902-08-02 00:00:00

### Mina Rees

Headed the math department of the Office of Naval Research

#### 1904-09-27 00:00:00

### Sophie Piccard

First woman named a full professor in a Swiss university

#### 1906-08-30 00:00:00

### Olga Taussky-Todd

Influential in the fields of matrix theory and number theory

#### 1906-11-06 00:00:00

### Emma Trotskaia Lehmer

Helped develop experimental and computational number theory

#### 1906-12-09 00:00:00

### Grace Hopper

A pioneer in the field of computer science

#### 1908-08-09 00:00:00

### Mary G. Ross

First Native American female engineer

#### 1909-08-23 00:00:00

### Florence Nightingale David

Made important contributions to mathematical theory of statistics

#### 1912-10-01 00:00:00

### Dame Kathleen Ollerenshaw

British mathematician and politician

#### 1914-04-11 00:00:00

### Dorothy Lewis Bernstein

First woman to be President of the Mathematical Assoc. of America

#### 1914-09-09 00:00:00

### Marjorie Lee Browne

One of 2 African-American women to receive a Ph.D. in math in1949

#### 1915-06-18 00:00:00

### Alice Turner Schafer

One of the founders of the Assoc. for Women in Mathematics

#### 1917-05-01 00:00:00

### Jessie MacWilliams

Pioneer in the mathematics of coding theory

#### 1919-12-08 00:00:00

### Julia Bowman Robinson

First woman to be president of the American Math Society

#### 1921-07-01 00:00:00

### Deboarh Tepper Haimo

Strong supporter for increasing number of women in mathematics

#### 1923-05-05 00:00:00

### Cathleen Morawetz

First woman to receive a National Medal of Science in math

#### 1924-05-01 00:00:00

### Evelyn Boyd Granville

One of 2 African-American women to receive a Ph.D. in math ni 1949

#### 1924-12-07 00:00:00

### Mary Ellen Rudin

One of the leading topologists of the 20th century

#### 1927-05-21 00:00:00

### Lida Barrett

Mathematician with an extensive record of service to mathematics

#### 1932-12-16 00:00:00

### Grace Alele Williams

First Nigerian woman to receive a PhD in mathematics

#### 1934-08-13 00:00:00

### Lesley Sibner

One of the initial Fellows of the American Math Society