Arctic in Context

Arctic in Context, a World Policy Institute online initiative directed by Erica Dingman, provides needed context on Arctic issues at a crucial time for the region, a bellwether for the consequences of climate change. This web-based platform uses maps, timelines, videos, narrative and analysis to provide an independent, comprehensive, and accessible working overview of the Arctic and fill crucial knowledge gaps.

Actions outside the immediate control of the Arctic dramatically shape its future on challenges including governance, climate change, water, biodiversity, indigenous peoples, commercial development, shipping, natural resources, and security. The region’s future depends on a better global understanding of the consequences of decisions made outside of as well as within the region. ;xNLx;;xNLx;Arctic in Context will partner with News Deeply, a new media and technology firm dedicated to innovating and improving the user experience of complex global issues, to provide content for a single-issue website, Arctic Deeply, launching in time to shape the 2015-17 US Chairmanship of the Arctic Council, an intergovernmental organization designed to address regional issues.;xNLx;;xNLx;;xNLx;;xNLx;

Carbon Evidence

Since 16,000 B.C., carbon dating suggests people have lived in the Arctic region of current-day Russia.

Aleut-Eskimo Migration

In 4000 B.C. the Aleut-Eskimo people migrated to the Arctic region.

Inhabiting the Land

In 3000 B.C. the Saqqaq people of the Sisimiut area, on the eastern coast of present day Greenland, inhabit the land.

Dorset Migration

In 500 B.C. the Dorset culture, a Paleo-Eskimo people that preceded the Inuit culture, migrates to the Sisimiut area.

The Norton Tradition

In 14 A.D. the Norton Tradition, a culture that developed in the Western Arctic near the Alaskan shore, spread from the Bering and Chukchi Seas towards the Firth River in the Yukon Territory of present day Canada.

Erik the Red

In 986 A.D. Erik the Red settled on the southern tip of Greenland after he was exiled from Iceland. During his short exile, he and his settlers had no contact with other peoples.

New Passages to Asia

Beginning in 1576, colonial monarchs sent explorers West and North to find new passages to Asia, and to find natural resources.

Hudson's Voyage

Henry Hudson, an Englishman working for Muscovy Company of London, takes the first of a series of voyages in 1607 in pursuit of finding a sought after Northwest Passage from Europe to Asia. Instead, he reaches the east coast of Greenland.

William Baffin

Starting in 1615, Baffin's made his observations of the Hudson Strait.

Egede's Trip

In 1721 Hans Egede, a Dano-Norwegian missionary, led a mission to Greenland. This allowed regular direct contact between the Europeans and the Inuit. He founded present day Nuuk. It wasn’t until 1756 that a colony was established.

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