World Policy Journal Presents: India/China Relations

To understand the modern trajectory of Sino-Indian relations, World Policy Journal has focused on the turning points that have come to define the two countries’ shared history. Beginning at a pivotal moment—the 1959 Tibetan Rising—we march through decades of military struggles and political confrontations to present-day diplomatic and economic negotiations, which bode well for building confidence and trust between Asia’s two superpowers.

1959-02-05 00:00:00

India Grants Gyatso Asylum

During the 1959 Tibetan Uprising, Tenzin Gyatso, the 14th Dalai Lama, escapes from Lhasa and crosses into Indian territory. India grants him asylum.

1962-10-01 02:50:08

War Breaks Out

The Sino-Indian war erupts over a disputed Himalayan border.

1963-03-01 02:50:08

China & Pakistan Sign Boundary Accord

China and Pakistan sign a boundary accord between Kashmir and Xinjiang. Pakistan agrees to cede 2000 square miles of Pakistani-occupied Kashmir territory.

1964-10-01 02:50:08

China Becomes a Nuclear Power

China conducts its first nuclear test.

1972-08-01 02:50:08

China Blocks Bangladesh

China vetoes a resolution sponsored by India for the admission of Bangladesh to the UN.

1974-05-01 02:50:08

India's First Nuclear Detonation

India conducts its first nuclear detonation, aggravating relations with China.

1976-07-01 21:10:44

Diplomacy Gets a Second Chance

Diplomatic ties between India and China are re-established for the first time since the Sino-Indian War.

1988-12-01 21:10:44

Breakthrough Visit

India’s Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi pays a visit to China, the first in 34 years. The two countries set up a joint working group to settle boundary issues.

2001-01-01 21:10:44

Joint counter-terrorism Initiatives

India and China agree to work together on counter-terrorism programs to maintain regional security.

2005-04-01 21:10:44

Cooperation Progresses in High-TEch Industries

Chinese Premier Wen Jiabo visits Bangalore to promote Sino-Indian cooperation in high-tech industries. India and China sign an agreement resolving disputes over their Himalayan border.

2009-01-01 21:10:44

Bilateral Trade Grows

Indian Prime Minister Manmohan Singh visits China. Bilateral trade surpasses $50 billion. China becomes India’s largest trading partner in goods.

2009-10-01 21:10:44

Disputed Territory Causes Tension

China expresses “dissatisfaction” over Prime Minister Manmohan Singh’s visit to the northeastern Indian state of Arunachal Pradesh, a “disputed territory.” India responds that it is an integral part of India.

2010-08-01 21:10:44

Defense Exchanges Cancelled

India cancels defense exchanges with China after it refuses to give a top Indian army officer a visa citing his “control” over disputed areas of Jammu and Kashmir. India refuses to allow two Chinese defense officials to visit New Delhi.

2013-10-01 21:10:44

Border Defense Agreement Signed

India and China sign the Border Defence Cooperation Agreement (BDCA), a major “confidence-building” measure in light of several Chinese “incursions” along the Line of Actual Control (LAC) this past year.

World Policy Journal Presents: India/China Relations

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