Syria Chronicle

[](;xNLx;Syria Chronicle is a timeline driven website, with histories tracing back to Mesopotamian times to give a deeply historical perspective that is often maligned. It will include condensed and include important aspects of Syria’s creation that include the Roman era, the Dark Ages, the Ottoman Empire, European colonialism, decolonization and the Arab-Israeli wars. For each of these historically salient events, we will curate the content we feel best explains, comments on or illustrates the full picture in a way that packages the course of events logically. We will rely heavily on visuals, but offer in depth analysis where it is suitable.;xNLx;;xNLx;To help put historical events in context, we are tapping international experts and journalists to help answer our big question. We aim to get as diverse perspectives as possible and present the many views and opinions on how and why the Syrian conflict developed over time.


The San Remo Conference in Italy puts Greater Syria under a French mandate. The French occupation begins and creates a de-facto federation of states that include Damascus, Aleppo, and Alawite, the nation of the Assad family. The Alawites secede from the Damascus- Aleppo union. Damascus and Aleppo, a major theater of the Syrian civil war, were historically two separate entities. Along with the Sykes-Picot Agreement, the San Remo Conference created the artificial borders of the Middle East today.

Iraq Invades Kuwait

Syria sides with the United States and its allies against Saddam Hussein. Hussein and Assad’s Baathist parties remained at odds, dating back to the 1963 coup in Syria.

Evacuation Day

After the last French soldier evacuated the country, Syria proclaims full independence.

Arab Socialist Ba'ath Party - Founded

Founded by Michel Aflaq, Salah al-Din al-Bitar and Zaki al-Arsuzi, the Ba'ath Party originally urged a national liberation movement against France's occupation. The party was "nationalist, populist, socialist and revolutionary," and endured time to remain in control of Syria today.

The Tanzimat Reforms

The Ottoman Empire institutes the Tanzimat reforms that divide the empire into administrative districts, establishing a Greater Syria encompassing modern day Syria, Israel, Lebanon, Jordan, and parts of Iraq and Turkey.

Sykes-Picot Agreement

At the height of the First World War, British diplomat Sir Mark Sykes and French Diplomat Francois Georges-Picot, along with support from the Russian Tsar, secretly negotiate an agreement to divide the remnants of the Ottoman Empire into separate French and British spheres of influence were the Ottoman Empire and its allies to lose the war. Sykes-Picot, however, was never fully implemented.

United Arab Republic

The United Arab Republic between Syria and Egypt is established, putting an end to Syrian political parties, to the anger of Baathists, who were integral in the formation of the union.

Al-Assad's Chosen Successor Dies

Hafez al-Assad's first son, Bassel, dies in a car crash. He was widely believed to have been his father's chosen successor.

Hafez al-Assad Dies

Hafez al-Assad dies. His son, Bashar al-Assad, takes power.

Coup D'état, Ba'ath party takes power

The military committee of the Ba'ath Party sucessfully overthrew Nazim al-Kudish. The Ba'ath Party's rule has gone unbroken until present day.

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