GMPG Retiree Club Timeline

This is a trial Time-Line for the GMPG Retirees Club website

1923-06-01 00:00:00

General Technical Committee

1923-09-01 00:00:00

Proving Ground - The Beginning

In the fall of 1923, GM was evaluating the business case for four wheel brakes on vehicles and performing tests on public roads in Flint, MI. During the evaluation process, roads being used for evaluation were repaired by maintenance crews and data gathered was not consistant over the evaluation period. During this time the General Technical Committee was formed and discussion began about roads built on private property for the purpose of testing automobiles. A decision was made to locate a suitable piece of property near Detroit to build a level mile strip of concrete, a modest garage and a hill of at least 10% gradient.

1923-11-01 13:10:26

Preliminary Surveying

November 1923

1924-01-01 23:47:51

Land Acquisition

At the General Technical Committee meeting on January 17, 1924, both the principle and location of the GM Proving Ground were approved, which meant that purchase of the land could proceed. The 1924 land owners of the 1148 acres near the border of Livingston and Oakland counties which became the Proving Ground were Anna Palmer, Joseph & Mary Clark, Richard & Maggie Darlington, David Jackson, William & Ester Percy, Jesse & Estelle Eno, Roy & Mina Regan, John Muir, Charles Todd, Cora Bird, Darwin Bird, Lebert Bird, Mary Bidwell, Will Duckering, George Duckering, Fannie Richman, Laura McClements and Jennie Hughes. In 1926 an additional 120 acres of land were purchased from G. L. Dimmick. In 1927 the land and school building of the Bird School (which formed an indentation of about an acre on the west side of the property) was purchased for $500. The total cost for the 1268 acres including commissions was $110,274.27.

1924-01-02 00:00:00

Fenn M. Holden

Director 1924-1925

1924-05-01 09:48:35

Road Construction Begins

May 1924 Original Road Construction – Handyside Construction Company

1924-05-01 19:52:17

Speed Loop Started

May 1924

1924-05-01 19:52:17

E-W Straightaway Started

May 1924

1924-05-14 19:52:17

Garage (Building 1) West Half Started

May 14, 1924 Completed November 30, 1924

1924-06-11 14:26:31

Seven Houses on Purchased Property

There were seven houses on the purchased property: Regan, Clark, Darlington, Percy (brick), Duckering, Jackson and Bird. By 1950, all the original houses had been moved or demolished except for the Percy House.

1924-07-01 19:52:17

Club House Started

July 24, 1924 Completed December 31, 1924

1924-10-01 14:26:31

First Test Equipment

First Test Equipment – Fifth Wheel Speedometer, accelerometer, decelerometer, fuel economy measuring apparatus

1924-10-01 19:52:17

Garage (Building 1) East Half Started

October 1924 Completed June 30, 1925

1924-11-01 01:29:22

11.6% Test Hill Access Road

Started 1924

1924-11-01 01:29:22

Oval Test Track

Completed 1924

1924-11-01 19:52:17

7.2% Hill

Started 1924

1925-01-01 14:25:30

O. T. Kreusser

Director 1924-1929

1925-07-15 05:00:43

Speed Loop Opened

Speed Loop Traveled First Time in July 1925

1925-08-07 21:28:05

Extension to East-West Straightaway

Started August 1925 - Completed October 1925

1925-08-29 06:33:16

Separation of Speed Loop & E-W Straightaway

Completed August 29, 1925

1925-09-01 06:33:16

11.6% Down Hill

Completed September 1925

1925-09-01 06:33:16

7.2% Down Hill

Completed October 1925

1925-10-15 14:51:12

Bath Tub

Bath Tub Completed October 1925

1926-01-01 19:44:49

North-South Straightaway

North-South Straightaway opened in 1926

1926-03-01 19:44:49

East-West Straightaway

East-West Straightaway opened in 1926

1926-04-01 05:48:26

Gate House

Gate House Construction Started April 1926 - Completed July 31, 1926

1926-07-31 14:25:30

Building 2 - West Half

Started January 15, 1926 - Completed July 31, 1926

1926-07-31 14:25:30

GM Road

General Motors Road completed 1926

1926-10-31 05:48:26

Crew's Quarters

Crew's Quarters Completed October 31, 1926

1926-12-31 05:48:26

Director's House

Director's (Kreusser) House Completed December 31, 1926

1927-01-01 00:00:00

Building 30 Addition

Building 30 Addition completed

1927-02-28 05:48:26

Crew's Quarters Addition

Two More Rooms Added to Crew's Quarters February 28, 1927

1927-03-01 00:00:00

Building 9

Building 9 completed 1927

1927-04-01 09:48:35

Building 3

Building 3 completed 1927

1927-06-30 14:51:12

Building 2 - East Half

East Half of Building 2 Completed (Auditorium and Cafeteria) June 30, 1927

1927-07-21 05:48:26

Addition to Club House

Addition to Club House Completed July 21, 1927

1927-10-31 14:51:12

Paving Between Buildings 1 & 2

Paving Between Buildings 1 and 2 Completed

1927-10-31 14:51:12

Power House

Power House Completed October 31, 1927

1927-12-01 09:48:35

Building 3

Building 3 Completed

1928-02-01 00:00:00

Weather House

Weather House Completed February 1928

1928-02-01 00:00:00

Building 4 (Arcade)

Building 4 Arcade Completed August 31, 1928

1929-01-01 00:00:00

11.6% Test Hill

11.6% Test Hill opened in 1929

1929-02-01 00:00:00

24% Downhill

24% Downhill Track opened in 1929

1929-03-01 00:00:00

Barnes Circle

Barnes Circle Access Road opened in 1929

1929-04-01 00:00:00

Belgian Block

Belgian Block Loop opened in 1929

1929-04-30 09:48:35

Labadie Road Residences

Construction of Two Residences on Labadie Road Completed

1929-05-01 00:00:00

Hill Route

Hill Route opened in 1929

1929-06-01 00:00:00

DuPont Circle

DuPont Circle opened in 1929

1929-08-01 14:25:30

A. J. Schamehorn

Director 1929 - 1941

1929-12-31 09:48:35

Assistant Director's Residence

Assistant Director's Residence Completed December 31, 1929

GMPG Retiree Club Timeline

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