Transnational Adoption in Latin America

The History of Transnational Adoption throughout Central and South America

In addition to creating a community for Latino adoptees around the world, we will also be creating a history of international adoption in Latin America. With the help of the public and our own community, we hope to piece together an accurate and unbiased history. We hope to bring dignity to the history of adoptees everywhere and give due respect to all persons in the adoption triad. By taking control of our history we become better informed and better members of the adoptee community.;xNLx;;xNLx;Add your history! Contact us at info@ojosonline.org to add to this timeline. ;xNLx;;xNLx;We are also looking for volunteers to help us develop this project.

1971-06-21 17:50:39

Number of Abandoned Children Causes Alarm

“We are truly concerned about the number of abandoned children in Costa Rica,” said Lic. Carlos Manuel Vicente Castro, Government and Public Security Minister, when speaking with some of our editors, about some concepts in this area he brings from a recent tour in Europe... Adoption Based on his trip through Europe, Minister Vincent noted interest in France, Spain and Italy for adoption of minors. “These countries,” he indicated, “have radically reformed this institution over the last three years, making it an efficient instrument, capable of providing a proper home for abandoned children.” He said that adoption is conceived today almost exclusively in the interests of minors. All of these countries have in their family laws two types of adoptions: one called “simple adoption”, which has very limited effects and is very similar to the type adoption we practice in our country. The other is called “full adoption”, which is not recognized in our legislation. This last one is what allows abandoned children to integrate fully into the family. The adopted child has all the rights and privileges in the adoptive family and balanced with this all of the rights and privileges are granted to the [adoptive] parents. Iniquity Lic. Vicente said that European legislators have noticed that if you take a child out of the environment in which he has been living and insert him into another family as a “second class” son, you are committing a true crime. “It’s not possible to create classes or castes in one family,” he said. “Or the child goes to his new family with all his rights (and it will be a magnificent occasion for this relationship to shape the other kids – if they are caring and have neighborly love or we are going to establish a poor child as a third class citizen and tell him that you don’t have any rights …,” he said. “I believe,” he said, “it’s best to leave him where we found him and not to feel like he has been discriminated against ...”

1972-06-08 17:50:39

Lawyer Processes Adoptions of Children to the Canal Zone in Panama

Miss Margarita Murray Sobrado showed documents to La Republica, which showed that a known lawyer and Costa Rican politician has processed a majority of the legal documents for the adoption of children to foreign parents living in the Canal Zone in Panama. Miss Murray is a distinguished businesswoman who not only manages one of the large warehouses in San Jose, but also has sizable investments in real estate and other businesses. She said her economic situation allows her to give to children; such as the attention she has been giving for some time to abandoned and sick children, which she has brought to her house in order to recuperate. She has also helped married couples without children adopt neglected Costa Rican children. Lately, this has caused a series of problems with the Child Welfare Office, which has publically planned a full transformation, covering all levels of management.

1975-03-14 17:50:39

Three children adopted without permission of mother

Three siblings from Costa Rica were adopted without the knowledge or permission of their family. The judge declared them abandoned even after the mother, Angela Arias, wrote a letter to social services requesting subsidies or help to buy a house.

1976-05-22 18:38:56

The truth about the case of an alleged sale of children

The entire country has been moved through the news spread by newspapers and radio news made by Mr. Marco Antonio Howel, that in the absence of the appointment of a single case to establish even one of his charges, the news has been received with the shock naturally, having been spread by this person, in their roles as fiscal agent of Heredia. It will alarm the country, claiming two hundred children had been sold to Puerto Rico, through illegal adoptions, revealing the location of what I call connec tions with international traffic, and as for me, saying that I prevalezco my post Board of Legal Representative for Children in Heredia, to transact with adoption of children, which of course, illegal estimated.

1980-02-14 17:50:39

Advisory: Existing law could encourage irregular adoptions

Experts of the Child Welfare Office (Patronato Nacional de la Infancia or PANI) say that due to the way the Family Code is written, adoptions are taking place without a technical study to guarantee a successful procedure. This occurs in more than half the adoptions processed; those that, whether direct or contractual, follow a course in corresponding courts with limited participation of PANI. On the other hand, adoptions processed by the Child Welfare Office (PANI) are subject to a psychological, social and economic risk study of the couple interested in adoption as well as a study of adaption possibilities of the children to their new parents. Until there is rational certainty that it will work, the corresponding paperwork is not sent before a judge. For its part, after several days of exhaustive analysis, the Judicial Police (OIJ) determined there were no conflicts in the adoption of nine Costa Rican children to Italian families. The respective processes were conducted by Lorenzo and Giuliana Rappelli, lawyers from Turin and residents [of Costa Rica]. The judicial police undertook the investigation, which yielded negative results, after the National Italian Association for Adoptive Families (ANFAA) filed a complaint that a center for international trafficking of minors had been established in our country.

1980-02-16 17:50:39

Changes recommended to the law to improve adoption procedures

A series of changes in the Family Code, which regulates adoption procedures in Costa Rica, have been proposed by Licda. Yolanda Mora, a judge in the seventh civil court in San Jose, in order to study the conditions of the future parents for the upbringing of their new child. The professional said that under the current rules psychosocial studies are not always done in cases involving direct adoption or mutual agreement to ensure the adopting parents are in a condition to provide a satisfactory home to the child...These ideas surfaced after a cable released by the news agency EFE, published in La Nacion on Monday the 11th, which said that the National Italian Association of Adoptive Families issued a complaint about alleged child trafficking originating in Costa Rica. Involved in the operation were two Turinese residents living here, Lorenzo and Giuliana Rappelli, both doctorates in law and parents of four adopted children in Costa Rica. The Judicial Police threw out the charges after a thorough investigation of the institutions involved in adoptions.

1980-02-25 18:38:56

It costs $500 to adopt a child

The investigations conducted by these reporters, indicating that the average rate charged by lawyers for the concept and fees is $ 500. In addition, the couple concerned must bear all expenses incurred by the procedures that require the court (ceriicados of marriage, health, income and birth recommendations, social studies and photographs. All these documents must be authenticated by the consul of Costa / rich in the place of residence of the adopter, and translated into Spanish...Many young people, by general domestic workers or unmarried young girls, are attentive to the notices published in the journal of major circulation, to deliver their children to families ...

1989-04-01 21:28:29

Convention on the Rights of the Child, 1989

Human rights treaty defining human rights for children. Countries which have ratified the treaty are bound by international law. It was put into action on September 2, 1990. This treaty was ratified by every member of the UN except, Somalia, South Sudan and the United States.

1993-05-29 00:00:00

Hague Adoption Convention

International Treaty drafted in 1993 to protect the rights of children in respect to inter-country adoption. Specifically protecting children and families from child laundering and child trafficking.

1995-05-01 00:00:00

Hague Adoption Convention - Enacted

"Intercountry adoptions shall be made in the best interests of the child and with respect for his or her fundamental rights. To prevent the abduction, the sale of, or traffic in children each State should take, as a matter of priority, appropriate measures to enable the child to remain in the care of his or her family of origin." - Quote from the convention.

1995-07-11 00:00:00

Ecuador, Costa Rica, Peru & Mexico Ratifies Hague

In 1995 Ecuador, Costa Rica, Peru & Mexico became a party to the Hague Convention on Protection of Children and Co-operation in Respect of Intercountry Adoption ( Hague Adoption Convention). Therefore, all adoptions between these countries and the United States must meet the requirements of the Convention and U.S. law implementing the Convention.

1997-10-10 00:00:00

Venezuela Ratifies Hague

Venezuela is party to the Hague Convention on Protection of Children and Co-operation in Respect of Intercountry Adoption ( Hague Adoption Convention ). Therefore all adoptions between Venezuela and the United States must meet the requirements of the Convention and U.S. law implementing the Convention. Venezuelan law does not allow for private adoptions.

1999-01-01 00:00:00

Brazil, Chile & Panama Ratify Hague

Brazil, Chile & Panama became a party to the Hague Convention on Protection of Children and Co-operation in Respect of Intercountry Adoption ( Hague Adoption Convention ).

2001-01-17 00:00:00

Kidnapping Masked As Adoption

Parents Julio Cesar Pineda and Rebeca Arbizurez reported their daughter Kimberly Siomar Pineda Arbizurez missing from her daycare. They later learned that she had been stolen for an adoptive family in Spain.

2002-11-26 00:00:00

Guatemala Ratifies Hague

Guatemala is party to the Hague Convention on Protection of Children and Co-operation in Respect of Intercountry Adoption(Hague Adoption Convention). The Department of State has determined that Guatemala has not yet fully implemented legislation that would create a Convention-compliant adoption process. U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) is therefore unable to approve any Form I-800 petition filed on behalf of a Guatemalan child because the Department of State is unable to verify that the requirements of the Hague Adoption Convention have been met in cases from Guatemala, per Section 301(a) of the Intercountry Adoption Act (IAA).

2006-09-27 00:00:00

Mother accused of selling her daughter

Ulga Angelica Lopez, a 31-year-old mother of four from Guatemala City. My daughter, Arlene Escarlet, was stolen on 27 September 2006. I had left her with my mother while I went out. It is believed this child has now been positively identified and is living in Illinois with adoptive parents.

2006-11-06 00:00:00

Have You Seen Me?

Anyell Liseth Hernandez Rodriguez (actual name) AKA: Karen Abigail Lopez Garcia Mother: Loyda Elizabeth Rodriguez Morales.

2007-03-01 00:00:00

Ana Escobar Child Stolen at Gunpoint

Guatemalan mother, Ana Escobar had her six-month old child stolen from her at gunpoint. She searched for her daughter for months in orphanages, adoption homes and on the street. During her search at the courthouse, she spotted a child who looked like her daughter. She demanding DNA testing of the child who was on its way to an adoptive family in the U.S. The DNA test found that she was her daughter. Ana was reunited with her sixteen months after her kidnapping.

2008-01-04 00:00:00

Four Women of Courage

These four women had their children stolen for adoption. They gathered together in May, 2008 and had a hunger strike to have their voices heard, as their complaints fell on deaf ears and were dismissed by police when attempting to file charges. Ana is the only one who has recovered her child to date.

2008-02-26 00:00:00

Daughters are returned to their Mother

Emotion filled the seat of the courtroom of the Third Court of Childhood and Adolescence at 10.30 pm yesterday, when it was learned that the resolution Mildred Alvarado returned to her two daughters. The girls were abducted in August 2006 by an international adoptions network.

2008-04-04 00:00:00

Argentine Woman Challenges Illegal Adoption

Thirty year old woman sues adoptive parents for acting as accomplices in illegal adoption. As a child she was taken away from her biological parents and political prisoners by a military captain during Argentina's Dirty War.

2008-05-06 00:00:00

Guatemala Halts Foreign Adoptions

The authorities in Guatemala have suspended the adoption of some 2,300 children by foreigners for at least a month to check for irregularities

2008-06-22 03:22:46

Have You Seen Me?

One of three children stolen from family in Jalapa, Guatemala. U.S. Agency: Adoption Blessing Worldwide

2009-12-18 00:00:00

Wife of Former President Involved in Child Trafficking

Attorney Susana Maria Loarca Saracho was captured on December 17, 2009, when he was in a nursery in Zone 10 of the capital. Public prosecutors, MP, is accused of handling illegal adoptions. The arrest occurred during a raid by court order.

Transnational Adoption in Latin America

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