Transnational Adoption in Latin America

The History of Transnational Adoption throughout Central and South America

In addition to creating a community for Latino adoptees around the world, we will also be creating a history of international adoption in Latin America. With the help of the public and our own community, we hope to piece together an accurate and unbiased history. We hope to bring dignity to the history of adoptees everywhere and give due respect to all persons in the adoption triad. By taking control of our history we become better informed and better members of the adoptee community.;xNLx;;xNLx;Add your history! Contact us at info@ojosonline.org to add to this timeline. ;xNLx;;xNLx;We are also looking for volunteers to help us develop this project.

Venezuela Ratifies Hague

Venezuela is party to the Hague Convention on Protection of Children and Co-operation in Respect of Intercountry Adoption ( Hague Adoption Convention ). Therefore all adoptions between Venezuela and the United States must meet the requirements of the Convention and U.S. law implementing the Convention. Venezuelan law does not allow for private adoptions.

Convention on the Rights of the Child, 1989

Human rights treaty defining human rights for children. Countries which have ratified the treaty are bound by international law. It was put into action on September 2, 1990. This treaty was ratified by every member of the UN except, Somalia, South Sudan and the United States.

Ecuador, Costa Rica, Peru & Mexico Ratifies Hague

In 1995 Ecuador, Costa Rica, Peru & Mexico became a party to the Hague Convention on Protection of Children and Co-operation in Respect of Intercountry Adoption ( Hague Adoption Convention). Therefore, all adoptions between these countries and the United States must meet the requirements of the Convention and U.S. law implementing the Convention.

Hague Adoption Convention

International Treaty drafted in 1993 to protect the rights of children in respect to inter-country adoption. Specifically protecting children and families from child laundering and child trafficking.

Hague Adoption Convention - Enacted

"Intercountry adoptions shall be made in the best interests of the child and with respect for his or her fundamental rights. To prevent the abduction, the sale of, or traffic in children each State should take, as a matter of priority, appropriate measures to enable the child to remain in the care of his or her family of origin." - Quote from the convention.

Guatemala Ratifies Hague

Guatemala is party to the Hague Convention on Protection of Children and Co-operation in Respect of Intercountry Adoption(Hague Adoption Convention). The Department of State has determined that Guatemala has not yet fully implemented legislation that would create a Convention-compliant adoption process. U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) is therefore unable to approve any Form I-800 petition filed on behalf of a Guatemalan child because the Department of State is unable to verify that the requirements of the Hague Adoption Convention have been met in cases from Guatemala, per Section 301(a) of the Intercountry Adoption Act (IAA).

Brazil, Chile & Panama Ratify Hague

Brazil, Chile & Panama became a party to the Hague Convention on Protection of Children and Co-operation in Respect of Intercountry Adoption ( Hague Adoption Convention ).

Ana Escobar Child Stolen at Gunpoint

Guatemalan mother, Ana Escobar had her six-month old child stolen from her at gunpoint. She searched for her daughter for months in orphanages, adoption homes and on the street. During her search at the courthouse, she spotted a child who looked like her daughter. She demanding DNA testing of the child who was on its way to an adoptive family in the U.S. The DNA test found that she was her daughter. Ana was reunited with her sixteen months after her kidnapping.

Kidnapping Masked As Adoption

Parents Julio Cesar Pineda and Rebeca Arbizurez reported their daughter Kimberly Siomar Pineda Arbizurez missing from her daycare. They later learned that she had been stolen for an adoptive family in Spain.

Guatemala Halts Foreign Adoptions

The authorities in Guatemala have suspended the adoption of some 2,300 children by foreigners for at least a month to check for irregularities

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