Board on Earth Sciences and Resources - The Past 25 Years

Welcome to the BESR timeline of the past 25 years!

Note: Background information and history about earth sciences at the NRC and BESR’s early history were kindly provided by Dr. Tom Usselman.;xNLx;;xNLx;The Board on Earth Sciences and Resources (BESR) coordinates the National Research Council's activities on solid-earth science issues and organizes and oversees studies of important national issues in the earth sciences. The Board oversees the following standing committees:;xNLx;;xNLx;-Committee on Earth Resources;xNLx;-Geographical Sciences Committee;xNLx;-Committee on Geological and Geotechnical Engineering;xNLx;-Mapping Science Committee;xNLx;-Committee on Seismology and Geodynamics;xNLx;;xNLx;The Board and its standing committees serve as the focus for interaction with agencies; as a consequence of this interaction, multidisciplinary ad hoc study committees are established under the auspices of the Board or its standing committees to provide advice as identified by statements of task.;xNLx;;xNLx;Through its activities, the Board identifies opportunities for advancing basic research and understanding of earth science information for policy decisions, reports on the applications of earth sciences to important societal issues, and addresses the overall health of research and education programs related to earth sciences and resources issues. The Board and its committees also serve as fora for discussions and exchange of information among scientists, engineers, and policy makers from government, universities, and industry.

Future U.S. Workforce for Geospatial Intelligence

The report assesses the supply of expertise in 10 geospatial intelligence (GEOINT) fields, including 5 traditional areas and 5 emerging areas. The report also identifies gaps in expertise relative to NGA's needs and suggests ways to ensure an adequate supply of geospatial intelligence expertise over the next 20 years.

Emerging Workforce Trends in the U.S. Energy and Mining Industries: A Call to Action

A skilled workforce is essential to supply the energy and mineral needs of the nation. As the baby boom generation begins to retire, the United States is facing the loss of a large number of experienced energy and mining workers in industry, academia, and the government. This report examines the energy and mining workforce trends and issues, and proposes ways to maintain a skilled workforce.

Preparing the Next Generation of Earth Scientists: An Examination of Federal Education and Training Programs, 2013

The report examines 25 federal earth science education programs, describes ways to evaluate the success of these programs, and identifies opportunities for leveraging federal education resources. A centerpiece of the report is a conceptual framework to put these programs in the context of a larger system in which individuals become aware of earth science, engage in learning about the Earth, and finally prepare for careers by acquiring knowledge and skills, and exploring employment options.

Future Challenges for the U.S. Geological Survey’s Mineral Resources Program

The United States is a heavy user of minerals for a range of critical materials and products. The report is a comprehensive review of the Mineral Resources Program that looks at the progress since the 1996 NRC review, evaluates the contribution of the minerals information to the USGS, characterizes the customer base, and examines the programs vision for the future.

Priorities for GEOINT Research at the National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency

The goal of the study was to examine both “hard problems” in geospatial science that must be addressed to improve geospatial intelligence, and promising methods and tools in geospatial science and related disciplines to pursue in order to resolve these problems. The book identifies research priorities and strategic directions in geospatial science for the NGA’s Basic and Applied Research Program.

Rediscovering Geography—New Relevance for Science and Society

The science of geography is being rediscovered by scientists, policymakers, and educators to address a range of political, economic, and environmental issues around the globe. This report presents a broad overview of geography's importance in a changing world and illustrates geography's impact on issues such as international trade, environmental change, population growth, information infrastructure, the condition of cities, and the spread of AIDS.

Underground Engineering for Sustainable Development

For thousands of years, the underground has provided humans refuge, resources, support for surface structures, and more recently, many urban services. This report considers sustainable underground development in the urban environment and considers the ways to encourage or support the redirection of urban development into sustainable patterns.

Uranium Mining in Virginia: Scientific, Technical, Environmental, Human Health and Safety, and Regulatory Aspects of Uranium Mining and Processing in Virginia

The report examines the scientific, technical, environmental, human health and safety, and regulatory aspects of uranium mining, milling, and processing as they relate to the Commonwealth of Virginia. The report was requested to assist the Commonwealth in determining whether uranium mining, milling, and processing can be undertaken in a manner that safeguards the environment, natural and historic resources, agricultural lands, and the health and well-being of its citizens.

New Research Opportunities in the Earth Sciences

The book identifies new and emerging research opportunities in the Earth sciences over the next decade, including surface and deep Earth processes and interdisciplinary research with fields such as ocean and atmospheric sciences, biology, engineering, computer science, and social and behavioral sciences. The report also identifies key instrumentation and facilities needed to support these new and emerging research opportunities.

National Earthquake Resilience: Research, Implementation, and Outreach

The report outlines a roadmap for increasing our national resilience to earthquakes by assessing the activities and costs that would be required for the nation to achieve earthquake resilience in 20 years.

Copy this timeline Login to copy this timeline 3d

Contact us

We'd love to hear from you. Please send questions or feedback to the below email addresses.

Before contacting us, you may wish to visit our FAQs page which has lots of useful info on Tiki-Toki.

We can be contacted by email at:

You can also follow us on twitter at

If you are having any problems with Tiki-Toki, please contact us as at:


Edit this timeline

Enter your name and the secret word given to you by the timeline's owner.

3-40 true Name must be at least three characters
3-40 true You need a secret word to edit this timeline

Checking details

Please check details and try again