pevensey timeline

Welcome to the Pevensey Timeline, 2,000 years in the rich history of Pevensey— The Timeline currently has 104 entries, 1,896 entries until completion.

The historian Michael Wood, came to the locality to begin filming his landmark BBC2 series ‘The Great British Story- A People’s History’. He started the series here in Pevensey with the words ‘this is where it all began’.;xNLx;The inspiration for the project came from his words and the notion that by learning how to ‘weave some code', like the Bayeux Tapestry, the villagers, working together, could create something iconic for the modern age that would leave a lasting legacy in the locality and become a key profiling tool for the visitor economy.;xNLx;The Pevensey Timeline Association gratefully acknowledges the support of the Big Lottery Fund in establishing this project. Two technical staff and three tutors are supporting the work of up to 20 villagers, all learning how to research, edit and code the timeline for a public audience. We hope you enjoy browsing the timeline!!!!;xNLx;;xNLx;Dianne Dear, Chair, Pevensey Timeline Association, 9 September 2014

0100-01-01 01:00:00

Pevensey Levels

Through time the bedrock underlying the Pevensey Levels was deposited during the Cretaceous, when the sands of the Hastings Group were laid down in a freshwater–brackish flood plain environment. The Weald Clay was laid down in lagoons and tidal deltas.

0200-01-03 01:00:00

Evidence of pre-urban activity

Prehistoric: There has been one excavation within the area that has produced limited evidence of prehistoric activity: Old Farmhouse, High Street (1994) produced six Neolithic or Bonze Age waste flint flakes in residual contexts.

0200-09-05 00:00:00

The Long Lost Pevensey Lagoon

....the results began to take my breath away, the long lost mysterious lagoon formed in front of my eyes and what was more I could fly

0210-01-01 00:00:00

Anderida—the castle the sea left high and dry

ANDERIDA the Roman fort, later known as Pevensey Castle is one of a chain of nine forts 'of the Saxon Shore; which was built as part of a huge programme of defensive works undertaken by the Romans during their occupancy of Britain.

0340-09-07 00:00:00

Coastal Location and the Roman Harbour

Both the Roman fort, and the medieval town and castle of Pevensey were dependent on the coastal location.

0491-01-01 00:00:00

Caer-Anderida overrun by South Saxons

Caer-Anderida is Pevensey (Anderitum). It is mentioned in the Anglo-Saxon Chronicles as a British stronghold overrun by the invading South Saxons under King Aelle in 491.

0795-11-03 00:00:00

The Saxon name, Pevensey

The name Pevensey means island or marsh of Pefen or Peofena, a Saxon

0825-09-13 00:00:00

Kingdom of Sussex Lost!!

King Aelfwald Hands the Crown to King Ecgberht and Wessex

1049-09-08 00:00:00

Late Saxon and Norman Port

As in the Roman period, Late Saxon development of the site was doubtless influenced by the substantial coastal embayment of what later became the reclaimed land of Pevensey Levels.

1052-09-29 00:00:00

The Return of Godwin

From Exile in Flanders

1066-09-29 00:00:00

Duke William Lands near Pevensey

Duke William Lands near Pevensey - The Normans Invade England. The Norman invaders found an undefended sea, and an undefended coast when they reached England

1086-09-24 00:00:00

Domesday Book, Norman Town 1086

Domesday Book records

1088-07-05 00:00:00

The Barons Rebellion of 1088

From the man who wrote the book when it comes to contemporaneous accounts, a new entry on the timeline storms the stage. Continuing our 'as it happened' sequence of stories, timeline graduate Peter Roper puts himself back in the frame. Fled east from fallen Lewes with two-hundred loyal men, joining William Rufus and his forces here at Pevensey, his dramatic account unfolds as the siege to the Norman Castle is underway. 'Again we smiled', comments the author 'and praised God'.

1216-09-01 00:00:00

St. Nicolas Church—Parish church built on site of Saxon chapel

In 1216 the parish church of St Nicolas was built very close to the seashore, on the site of an earlier Saxon chapel

1252-09-14 00:00:00

Anderida—mention in Royal Charter 1252

Anderida—The Black Forest

1450-07-12 00:00:00

The Jack Cade Rebellion And The Bailiffs of Pevensey

FROM OUR OWN CORRESPONDENT : in a series of stories on the timeline, composed by villagers, we present various eye-witness style accounts of aspects of the history of Pevensey written from a contemporaneous point of view. Here, in the third of a sequence of accounts, timeline graduate, Peter Roper, reports on the Jack Cade Rebellion and the Bailiffs of Pevensey. The year is 1450, the date is 13th July, the location a small hamlet near Heathfield and the story details what happened, as if it was yesterday.....

1500-01-05 01:00:00

The Town 1500—1800

From a borough total of around 90 in 1564, the population fell to around 70 for the whole parish by 1676 (possibly as a result of epidemics at this time), then rose to around 117 in 1724. Thereafter population continued to grow, reaching 191 by 1801

1500-09-07 00:00:00

Buildings 1500—1800

Pevensey has 12 surviving buildings (or groups of buildings) that date from between 1500 and 1800.

1541-09-26 00:00:00

Pevensey Courthouse museum and jail

Built in 1541, the old Pevensey Courthouse museum and jail remains as a rich slice of history,

1586-11-14 00:00:00

Ye Olde Mint House, Pevensey

A board on the outside of this house states that it was the former residence of Andrew Borde, Court Physician to Henry VIII, and was once occupied by Edward VI. Ye Olde Mint House is a Grade II Listed building dating from the 16th Century

1596-09-06 00:00:00

Norman's Bay—A Tale of the Whale and the Railway

Not an awful lot happened at Normans Bay but when it did it was something big. The area is named after the Norman invasion of 28th September 1066 however at this time, the whole area here would have been under water and William and his troops would have probably landed a little further to the east at Bulverhythe.

1596-09-13 00:00:00

Star Inn, Norman's Bay

Smugglers have used the isolated shore here for hundreds of years to land their contraband, no doubt using the nearby Star Inn which was known to have been selling beer as early as 1596.

1703-11-24 00:00:00

Norman's Bay—HMS Resolution dashed ashore

In 1703 there was more excitement in Norman's Bay during the great storm of 24th November when a 70 gun third-rate ship-of-the-line HMS Resolution was dashed ashore here.

1722-09-04 00:00:00

Smuggling

Smuggling was widespread. It was not unknown for mounted dragoons to be attacked by a band of smugglers. It was not only the collecting of goods from boats, but taking bales of wool to be smuggled into France. At one time Pevensey had its own Militia (see badge at the Court House).

1800-09-04 00:00:00

The Town c.1800-2007

The majority of the buildings in Pevensey date from this period, not so much through loss of earlier buildings, but through largely piecemeal redevelopment of vacant plots. This was very small scale between 1840 and 1914, with the most significant developments being the creation of the cattle market on the site of the manor house (demolished c.1850174) and construction of Castle Terrace on the High Street east of the Mint House in the late 19th century. Also of the late 19th century are the vicarage (now Marsh Hall) and the National School (1876), both east of the church.

1822-02-13 00:00:00

Norman's Bay—300 smugglers ambush ship

There was more activity at Normans Bay on 13th February 1822 when over 300 smugglers armed with clubs fought with excisemen who had ambushed them as they waited to land contraband from the ship Queen Charlotte.

1833-02-01 00:00:00

Anti-Tithe

Meeting

1837-07-01 01:00:00

Princess Augusta

Visits Pevensey Castle

1846-01-01 00:00:00

The Shipwreck of The Two Corneliuses

With loss of life

1846-11-06 00:00:00

Arrival of the Railways

The London Brighton and South Coast Railway (LBSCR) opened a line from Lewes to St Leonards in 1846

1847-12-05 00:00:00

The Sinking of the Andoroletta

In a storm at Pevensey Bay

1848-09-09 00:00:00

From Cattle to Cars

A short history of Pevensey Cattle Market

1859-01-01 00:00:00

Sinking of Revenue Cutter

Four dead!

1859-06-01 00:00:00

The Hastings and St Leonards Philosophical Society

Embark on first archaeological examination.

1865-11-13 00:00:00

Norman's Bay—A Whale of a Story

At 8pm on Monday 13th November 1865, William Richards, the Coastguardsman at nearby Pevensey Sluice spotted what appeared to be the upturned hull of a ship off the coast. He alerted Mr Bussell, the chief-officer of the watch and the two men watched as it headed towards the beach under a strong south-westerly wind. It was not a boat it was a whale - a huge Finback whale over 70 feet long and weighing more than 50 tons.

1879-05-01 00:00:00

St Nicolas Church

Re-opens!

1880-07-20 00:00:00

Christina Rossetti—Letter to her brother—Visit to Pevensey Castle

MY DEAR GABRIEL, Thanks for your letter in proportion to its welcomeness what a word ! SOURCE: THE FAMILY LETTERS OF CHRISTINA ROSSETTI

1881-03-12 00:00:00

The Beaching of the Victor Hamille

In a terrible Snow Storm at Pevensey Bay.

1890-09-05 00:00:00

Sheep shearing on the Pevensey Levels

Sheep shearing on the Pevensey Levels, 1890. IMAGE CREDIT: Hastings Museum and Art Gallery

1896-03-02 00:00:00

Distressing Fatality at Pevensey Castle

Boy Crushed To Death

1905-01-06 01:00:00

Pevensey Bay Railway Station

Pevensey Bay railway station serves Pevensey Bay in East Sussex, England. It is on the East Coastway Line, and train services are provided by Southern. It was opened by the London, Brighton and South Coast Railway on 11 September 1905, and was originally named Pevensey Bay Halt.

1908-06-01 00:00:00

Anderida Excavations

Roman Well Found!

1908-06-30 00:00:00

A Strange, Terrible Case of Infanticide

Aberdeen Woman charged with the murder of her baby in Pevensey Bay!

1910-04-01 00:00:00

The Sad Passing of Archdeacon Sutton

Pevensey Vicar

1920-02-01 00:00:00

War Memorial

For Pevensey Church

1920-03-01 00:00:00

Pevensey Servicemen Return Home

Welcome Home Dinner Held

1920-12-03 00:00:00

Live Mine

Washes ashore

1926-07-01 00:00:00

JB Harris-Burland

Dies in Pevensey Bay

1927-12-01 00:00:00

Peter Pevensie—'England's Gate' and the Lion the Witch and the Wardrobe

Peter Pevensie is a fictional character in C. S. Lewis's The Chronicles of Narnia series

1931-08-01 00:00:00

Australian pilot Mr J.A. Mollison

Lands on the beach at Pevensey Bay

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