French Revolution

French Revolution

This is a period of time where social and political upheaval occur in France. This period of time also has a lasting impact on the French history.

Fall of the Bastille

The people of France were determined and armed themselves by storming into fortress. The Bastille had more arms and rumored hoards of political prisons. They stormed the Bastille but there were only 7 prisoners and no arms for them to take. The Bastille was a symbol of the king's absolute power so the invasion symbolized the king's inability to maintain absolute power. It caused the revolution to gain momentum.

Meeting of Estates-General

Louis XVI calls a meeting with the Estates General to vote and discuss on a new tax plan.

Tennis Court Oath/ National Assembly

The vote between the estates is always a vote by block where each estate gets one vote. This is unfair for the third estate since the first and second estates have similar ideas and vote against them. Therefore the third estate wants to vote by head, giving them an advantage since they are 98% of France's population. They name themselves the National Assembly. Yet when on the day to vote, they find their conference room locked against them and gather in an indoor tennis court to sign an oath that they won't disband until a constitution is drawn up for France.

Decleration of the Rights of Man and Citizen

The declaration was issued by the national assembly and it is a fundamental document of the French Revolution and the history of human rights. These rights applied to those with citizenship and owning property (the bourgeoisie). It said nothing about women and nothing on the aspect of slavery either.

Royal Family forced to Tuileries

Angry mobs of women from Paris invaded Versailles and ordered the royal family to move into Paris. A closer eye could then b kept on the royal family. The family were considered prisoners in the city. Versailles was looted and partly burned.

Civil Constitution of Clergy Passed

Act that the National Assembly passed that would nationalize the church land. A new currency "assignats" were introduced with the backing of the vast amounts of land. The clergy were also required to sign an oath of loyalty to the constitution, making them employees of the state.

Royal Family Caught on Escape Route

The king has allies outside of France that want him to take back his throne for fear of the revolution spreading into other European countries. The royal family tries to escape but is recognized at the town of Varennes and is forced back to Paris. The people feel that their king is a traitor to their country.

France Declares War on Austria

France wages war against Austria and Prussia joins Austria in the war against France.

Reign of Terror

Maximillien Robbespierre starts the reign of terror where whoever opposed his idealism was murdered. 25000 people were killed because of their political veiws through the use of the guilloteen, the firing squad, canon and drowing en mass.

Louis XVI Beheaded

Louis XVI is beheaded for conspiracy with foreign powers. He was sentenced to death on a narrow vote of one which ended his life by the guillotine.

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