A Different American History

A Black/Land Project Timeline

Police Killings of Black People in Public Spaces

The ability of black people to live freely and move without fear in public spaces is threatened. Hundreds of black people are murdered by the police in public every year. Although this epidemic begins in the late 1990s, both public awareness and frequency of the murders has increased in the last 5 years.

Founding of the Black Panther Organization

In Lowndes County, AL, a county with the reputation for the most violent oppression African-Americans, communities organized an independent political party to elect county government office holders.

Cape Verdean Immigration to New England

Cape Verdean immigration to New England begins, as seamen on whaling ships. These African immigrants were not enslaved, and owned property. For this reason, many Cape Verdeans do not identify as black.

Congo Square, Black Public Space

Established in New Orleans, this was the first public place where people of African descent were permitted to gather. Widely known as a site of cultural exchange and display, particularly music and dance.

Tubman’s Raid at Combahee River Ferry

Harriet Tubman leads the military raid at Combahee River Ferry, liberating 750 African-Americans from enslavement and resettling them among their Senegambian kinfolk in St. Helena Island, S.C.

Founding of Africatown

The last Africans are illegally brought to the U.S. to be enslaved. Upon Emancipation in 1865, they form Africatown, AL. Their descendants have continuously occupied that land, where they maintain the traditional practices of agriculture and governance of the Fon people of Dahomey.

First African American Church

The First African Baptist Church is founded by freedman George Leile. Constructed of handmade bricks contributed by people who were enslaved laborers by day, its sanctuary was constructed as a stop for fugitives on the Underground Railroad, and its pews record the African tribal marks of its members.

Housing Boom Targets Blacks for Subprime Loans

The ACLU found that black homeowners were more likely to be given "higher-cost and higher-risk loans than white borrowers" during this time. This means black people paid more for their home loans, even if they had good credit.

Subprime Mortgage Crisis: Blacks lose $194 Billion in Wealth

Black subprime borrowers lost between $164 billion and $213 billion for loans taken out between 1997 to 2007. This is the largest loss of wealth in black history in the United States, and accounts for about half of the loss of wealth in the U.S. at the time. Because of segregation, black people primarily lived in black communities. This meant that during the mortgage crisis, black people not only lost individual homes, and also entire residential communities.

Black Uprisings: Watts, Los Angeles, CA

Following the arrest of a black motorist, black people rioted in the streets for six days over black inequality. This was the first major black uprising against racism in more than 50 years.

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