A Health In All Policies (HiAP) Interactive Timeline: The Automobile Industry's Road to Health

Health In All Policies (HiAP) Interactive Timeline: The Automobile Industry's Road to Health. The stories within this Timeline were selected to depict how automobile policy, regulation, and design are actually health related policies. Local,state, and federal government ensures that policy decisions have a neutral or beneficial impact on health. This timeline provides a snapshot of the Automobile Industry’s regulation. Highlighting the advancement of the automobile design and safety features from 1890-2015. The timeline is designed for the user to click on each story box to review facts surrounding the automobile industry and its impact on health.

HPRC, a CTIS Inc. division, is supported by the National Institute on Minority Health and Health Disparities (NIMHD) of the National Institutes of Health under award number #1U54MD008608-01. This content does not necessarily represent the official views of the National Institutes of Health.;xNLx;;xNLx;;xNLx;;xNLx;;xNLx;;xNLx;

"The Belief that Safety did not sell"

In 1956, GM( General Motors) offered "a Life-guard safety package" on some of its 1956 cars. Ford offered two standard features and three safety features: "deep center " Steering wheel to prevent occupant impalement by the steering column. They also offered "double grip" door latches to prevent occupant ejection during a crash. Front and rear lap only seat belts, padded dashboard with recessed instruments and a safety glass rear -view mirror. "the belief that safety did not sell became accepted wisdom"(p.7). "Ford sold an additional 200,000 cars because of it safety features that consumers wanted to buy (even as extra cost options)"(p.7). The slogan became: "Ford sold safety while General Motors sold cars". Source: Lemov,M.R.,(2015)Car Safety Wars: One Hundred Years of Technology, Politics, and Death. Fairleigh Dickerson University Press. Library of Congress Cataloging-in publication data.

Teenicide

The term was used in the 50's to describe the high rate of teen automobile fatalities. Source: (2013)Teenicide - 1950's Drivers Education / Social Guidance / Educational Documentary - Val73TV. Retrieved from https://youtu.be/dIiSFB3Y2u0

Unlawful to Remove Safety Equiptment

Michie's Annotated Code of the Public General Law of Maryland-Sec 22-104-Unlawful to remove or alter safety device or equipment. A person may not willfully or intentionally remove or alter a safety device or equipment. that has been placed on any motor vehicle, trailer or semitrailer. (An. Code.1957 at 661/2 12.104;1977, Ch 1482) Source: The Maryland Vehicle Law Annotated, 2015 Edition Publisher's Editorial Staff LexisNexis, Oct 7, 2015 - Law

The Vehicle Code, Act 1959

Under The Vehicle Code, Act 1959, April 29, P.L. 58, the motor vehicle operating privileges of a licensee will be revoked if the licensee was utilizing a motor vehicle in the transport or sale of a controlled substance as defined in The Controlled Substance, Drug, Device and Cosmetic Act,

Black Automobile Manufacturer

Frederick D. Patterson he and his father owned- C.R. Patterson & Sons Company (1893-1939) The first Patterson-Greenfield car debuted in 1915 and was sold for $850. With a four-cylinder Continental engine, the car was comparable to the contemporary Ford Model T. - See more at: http://www.blackpast.org/aah/c-r-patterson-sons-company-1893-1939#sthash.juUfBvF7.dpuf

In Michighan, Ford Motor Company developed the first moving assembly line for automobile production, allowing cars to be made more cheaply and efficiently.

In the United States, Francis Wright Davis introduces the first power steering system in a Pierce-Arrow automobile

Image: The Roaring Twenties,Pierce-Arrow Motor Car Co. History Copyright © 1997-2016 Pierce-Arrow Society. Retrieved from https://www.pierce-arrow.org/history/history4.php

Discovering Lead Toxicity

In Feb - the first commercial sales of leaded gasoline took place in Dayton, Ohio. (Kovarik 2011) In June - the "US public health service made aware of the leaded gasoline and started asking for safety tests". (Kovarik 2011) In Sept - workers started dying in the DuPont TEL works… “sickening deaths and illnesses of hundreds of TEL workers… Gripped by violent bursts of insanity, the afflicted would imagine they were being persecuted by butterflies and other winged insects before expiring, their bodies having turned black and blue.” (Kitman 2000a)

The White House Conference on Highway Safety

The White House Conference on Highway Safety was held in the Departmental Auditorium. The President was one of the first speakers to address the more than 3,000 delegates during the opening session on February 17, 1954. An account in Public Safety magazine said:The purpose of your meeting is one that is essentially local or community in character. But when any particular activity in the United States takes 38,000 American lives in one year, it becomes a national problem of the first importance.I was struck by a statistic that seemed to me shocking. In the last 50 years, the automobile has killed more people in the United States than we have had fatalities in all our wars: on all the battlefields of all the wars of the United States since its founding 177 years ago.

The Great Depression

"Between 1928 and 1929, the easy access to cheap credit caused reckless speculation on stock markets and on assets in general. Prices gradually inflated to an unsustainable asset bubble. In the 30 months from March 1926 to September 1929 the Dow Jones rose 230% from 166 to 381. A correction had become inevitable, but turned into a severe crash due to calamitous government intervention". According to NHTSA &FHWA there were 31,204 Motor Vehicle Fatalities.

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