A Health In All Policies (HiAP) Interactive Timeline: The Automobile Industry's Road to Health

Health In All Policies (HiAP) Interactive Timeline: The Automobile Industry's Road to Health. The stories within this Timeline were selected to depict how automobile policy, regulation, and design are actually health related policies. Local,state, and federal government ensures that policy decisions have a neutral or beneficial impact on health. This timeline provides a snapshot of the Automobile Industry’s regulation. Highlighting the advancement of the automobile design and safety features from 1890-2015. The timeline is designed for the user to click on each story box to review facts surrounding the automobile industry and its impact on health.

HPRC, a CTIS Inc. division, is supported by the National Institute on Minority Health and Health Disparities (NIMHD) of the National Institutes of Health under award number #1U54MD008608-01. This content does not necessarily represent the official views of the National Institutes of Health.;xNLx;;xNLx;;xNLx;;xNLx;;xNLx;;xNLx;

1890-01-01 00:00:00

Health In All Policies (HiAP) Interactive Timeline: The Automobile Industry's Road to Health

1893-01-01 00:00:00

The Good Roads Movement Started

As a result of this demand for more equitable transport, the National League of Good Roads was established in 1892. The group held a convention in Washington, D.C. a year later, and subsequently in 1893 the Office of Road Inquiry was established within the U.S. Department of Agriculture. This agency, with little funding to operate adequately given the task at hand, was responsible for collecting factual data on the nation’s highway system.

1893-01-01 00:00:00

Charles and Frank Duryea was the first to invent operational automobiles in the United States.

The Duryea consisted of one-cylinder gasoline engine, with electrical ignition. All Curved Dash models featured tiller steering and a seat side crank for starting.

1894-01-01 00:00:00

Tiller Steering to Steering Wheel

By 1894 , the use of a tiller to steer a car became more and more ineffective. Taking inspiration from the same nautical industry, car builders began replacing the tillers with ship-inspired helms. Simpler and smaller than their nautical counterparts, the steering wheels in the car made their mark during the Paris-Rouen race, when the Panhard model driven by Alfred Vacheron was first recorded using a steering wheel to turn.

1898-01-01 00:00:08

The first car insurance policy in the United States

Car insurance policy was sold in 1898 by Traveler’s Insurance Co. to Dr. Truman Martin of Buffalo, N.Y., according to the U.S. Census Bureau. The policy gave Martin $5,000 in liability coverage. At the time, Martin would likely have been more concerned with crashing into one of the country’s 18 million horses, rather than another of the 4,000 cars in the U.S. Martin’s 1898 policy, which gave him coverage well below what most insurers would consider appropriate, cost $12.25.

1900-01-01 00:00:00

In the United States, only one in 9,500 citizens owns a car, and only 22 percent of those run on internal combustion engines, with most of the rest being powered by electricity or steam.

1901-01-01 00:00:00

Connecticut passed the first law to regulate speed.

The law essentially stated: "No motor vehicle shall run on any highway outside the limits of a city at a speed that exceed fifteen miles and hour, and no such vehicle shall, on any highway or public place within the limits of any city, be run at a speed to exceed twelve miles an hour." Law required the driver to slow down at crossings, intersections, and when "upon meeting a horse." There was also a fine associated for violating this law - specified as $200 or less for each violation.

1902-02-01 00:00:00

The Horseless Age

The automobile trade magazine, Horseless Age, "endorsed the idea of government standards for motor vehicles as a way to keep unsafely-constructed automobiles off the market".

1903-01-01 00:00:00

The First Traffic Code

The first traffic code was adopted by New York City. Following this move were many local and state governments forming their own laws and regulations. Many "municipalities had their own ordinances regulating speeds, parking, the use of bells, horns and gongs, the making of unnecessary exhaust noise and the emission of noxious gas, smoke or steam, and they imposed fines for violations. These regulations varied widely from city to city and, especially in the smaller municipalities were often enforced in a discriminatory way".

1903-01-01 00:00:00

Henry Ford launches Ford Motor Company

A Health In All Policies (HiAP) Interactive Timeline: The Automobile Industry's Road to Health

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