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The VJTF has its first deployment exercise in Poland. More than 1,500 troops take part in exercise Noble Jump designed to test whether troops assigned to NATO’s VJTF can be ready to deploy 48 hours after receiving an order to move.
Defence ministers meeting at NATO HQ agree that the NRF will be at the core of the Connected Forces Initiative. The aim is to maintain NATO’s readiness and combat-effectiveness through expanded education and training, increased exercises and a better use of technology to enhance forces interoperability. Ministers also announce plans for a major live exercise in 2015.
Following a devastating earthquake in Pakistan, the Alliance launches an intensive three-month relief operation in response to a request for assistance from the Pakistani government. Some 1,000 engineers and support staff and 200 medical personnel from the NRF are deployed along with specialist equipment.
Allied leaders agree to launch the NRF at their summit meeting in Prague as part of efforts to transform and adapt NATO’s capabilities to 21st century challenges.
NATO Defence Ministers meeting in Brussels approve the concept of the NRF. The NRF consists of a highly capable joint multinational force able to react in a very short time to the full range of security challenges. It also serves as a catalyst for improving the Alliance’s overall military capabilities.
NATO Secretary General Jaap de Hoop Scheffer and Supreme Allied Commander Europe General James L. Jones inaugurate the NRF at a ceremony at NATO’s regional headquarters in Brunssum, the Netherlands. "NATO will no longer have the large, massed units that were necessary for the Cold War, but will have agile and capable forces at graduated readiness levels that will better prepare the Alliance to meet any threat that it is likely to face in this 21st century." – General Jones.
The first elements of the NRF show their capabilities in a crisis-response exercise in Doğanbey, Turkey.
At an informal meeting of NATO Defence Ministers in Poiana Brasov, Romania, the NATO Secretary General and Supreme Allied Commander Europe announce that the NRF has reached its initial operational capability.
Exercise Destined Glory held in Sardinia, Italy serves to demonstrate the initial operational capability of the NRF.
The NRF tests its capability to conduct complex sea-based operations in NATO’s amphibious exercise, Destined Glory (Loyal Midas) in the Tyrrhenian Sea off the coast of Italy. Over 8,500 personnel, 37 ships and 57 aircraft from ten NATO countries take part in the exercise.