The History of Conclave

How long will it take before we know who's our next Pope? In the last 100 years there were seven conclaves. Over the next couple days in a series of blogs entitled, Getting to Habemus Papam we'll share how many days and how many ballots it took to get to "Habemus Papam!".

1903-07-31 18:12:44

Giuseppe Sarto, Pope Pius X

5 days, 7 ballots. Sixty-two cardinals gathered from July 31 to August 4, 1903. They elected Giuseppe Melchiorre Sarto, Pius X. He was 68 years old. He died on August 20, 1914.

1914-09-03 18:12:44

Giacomo della Chiesa, Benedict XV

4 days, 10 ballots. Fifty-seven cardinals were present at the conclave which ran from August 31 to September 3, 1914. They elected Giacomo della Chiesa, Benedict XV. He was 59 years old. The Italian pope died on January 22, 1922.

1922-02-02 18:12:44

Achille Ratti, Pius XI

4 days, 14 ballots. Fifty-three cardinals gathered at the Vatican from February 2 - 6, 1922. At the time of his election, Achille Ratti, Pius XI was 64 years old. He died on February 10, 1939.

1939-03-01 18:12:44

Eugenio Pacelli, Pius XII

2 days, 3 ballots. The conclave took place from March 1-2, 1939. 62 Cardinals were present. At the time of his election Eugenio Pacelli, Pius XII was 63 years old. He died on October 9, 1958.

1958-10-25 18:12:44

Angelo Giuseppe Roncalli, John XXIII

3 days, 11 ballots. Fifty-one cardinals were in the conclave of October 25-28, 1958. Giuseppe Roncalli was 76 years old at the time of his election. He died on June 3, 1963. It was Pope John XXIII who called the Second Vatican Council on October 11, 1962.

1963-06-19 18:12:44

Giovanni Battista Montini, Paul VI

3 days, 6 ballots. Cardinal Giovanni Battista Montini, Paul VI was chosen in a conclave with 80 cardinals present.The conclave took place from June 19-21, 1963. Cardinal Montini was 65 years old when he was elected and died 15 years later on August 6, 1978.

1978-08-25 18:12:44

Albino Luciani, John Paul I

2 days, 4 ballots. 101 cardinals elected Cardinal Albino Luciani, Pope John Paul I during a conclave which ran from August 25 - 26, 1978. Pope John Paul I died 34 days after his election on September 28. He was 65 years old.

1978-10-14 18:12:44

Karol Wojtyla, John Paul II

3 days, 8 ballots. In the second conclave of the year, 100 electors gathered from October 14-16, 1978 to elect Cardinal Karol Wojtyla, John Paul II. He was the first non-Italian since the Dutch pope, Pope Adrian VI, in 1522. Pope John Paul II died on April 2, 2005.

2005-04-18 00:00:00

Joseph Ratzinger, Benedict XVI

2 days, 4 ballots. Pope Benedict XVI, Joseph Ratzinger was elected at 78 years old. There were 115 cardinals in the conclave which took place from April 18-19, 2005. Pope Benedict XVI announced his resignation on February 11, 2013. His resignation went into effect on February 28, 2013.

2013-03-12 00:00:00

Conclave 2013

Cardinal Jorge Mario Bergoglio, now Pope Francis, a member of the Society of Jesus, was born in Buenos Aires, Argentina, on December 17, 1936. Serving as Archbishop of Buenos Aires before the papal election, Pope Francis was ordained a Jesuit priest on December 13, 1969. He completed his studies in theology at the Faculty of Theology of San Miguel, Argentina. He would go on to lecture in theology and act as novice master here after his graduation. From 1973-1979 he worked as Jesuit Provincial, and moved to become rector of the Philosophy and Theology Faculty of San Miguel from 1980-1986. Pope Francis was consecrated as Auxiliary Bishop of Buenos Aires on June 27, 1992, and later appointed Archbishop of Buenos Aires on June 3, 1997. In this capacity he acted as Ordinary for the Eastern-rite in Argentina for those lacking an Ordinary of their own rite. He was elevated to the College of Cardinals on February 21, 2001, by Blessed John Paul II. Pope Francis has served as President of the Bishops’ Conference of Argentina from November 8, 2005-November 8, 2011. He has been a member of the Congregation for Divine Worship and Discipline of the Sacraments, the Congregation for the Clergy, the Pontifical Council for the Family, and the Pontifical Commission for Latin America.

The History of Conclave

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